Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County

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Yuanjiang County
元江县
Autonomous county
元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县
Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County
Location of Yuanjiang County jurisdiction (pink) within Yuxi City (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Yuanjiang County jurisdiction (pink) within Yuxi City (yellow) and Yunnan
Yuanjiang County is located in Yunnan
Yuanjiang County
Yuanjiang County
Location of the county seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 23°36′N 102°00′E / 23.600°N 102.000°E / 23.600; 102.000
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture-level city Yuxi
Area
 • Total 2,858 km2 (1,103 sq mi)
Elevation 396 m (1,299 ft)
Population
 • Total 189,773
 • Density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 653300
Area code(s) 0877
Website yjx.gov.cn

Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County (Chinese: 元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县; pinyin: Yuánjiāng Hānízú Yízú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn) is a county of south-central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. The county seat is the town of Lijiang (澧江镇), while the county itself is under the administration of Yuxi City. It derives its name from the Red River (Asia),[1] which is known as the Yuan River (元江) in Yunnan, and is an important provincial crossroads for access to Southeast Asia.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Hani[edit]

The Yuanjiang County Almanac (1993:81) lists the following Hani subgroups.

  • Hani 哈尼 (autonyms: Hani 哈尼、Nuomei 糯美、Nuobi 糯比)
  • Haoni 豪尼 (exonyms: Haoni 豪尼、Duota 多塔、Asuo 阿梭、Budou 布都)、Kaduo 卡多、Biyue 碧约、Ximoluo 西摩洛、Baihong 白宏)

Yi[edit]

The Yuanjiang County Almanac (1993:89) lists the following Yi subgroups.

  • Niesu 聂苏
  • Shansu 山苏
  • Bula 卜拉
  • Lalu 腊鲁

Dai[edit]

The Yuanjiang County Almanac (1993:94) lists the following Dai subgroups and their respective locations.

  • Dai Le 傣泐 (Water Dai 水傣): Manlai 曼来、Mandan 曼但、Manyang 曼漾、Manfei 曼费、Manzhangna 曼章那、Manliangfei 曼梁费、Linliang 琳琅、Doulang 都郎、Xiaoyan 小燕、Longtan 龙潭、Zhega 者嘎、Lijiang 澧江
  • Dai Zhong 傣仲 (Large-Headed Flowery-Waist Dai 大头花腰傣): Dashuiping 大水平、Dabaitian 大白田、Longdong 龙洞、Nalu 那路、Lizhishu 荔枝树、Dalu Xinzhai 大路新寨、Nawai 那整、Shagoutou 沙沟头
  • Dai Ya 傣雅 (Small-Headed Flowery-Waist Dai 小头花腰傣): Ximencun 西门村、Lvlintian 绿林田、Tincun 新村、Shuanggao 双高、Gaokan 高坎、Xiaohongmiao 小红庙
  • Dai De 傣得 (Dong'e Flowery-Waist Dai 东峨花腰傣): Dong'eba 东峨坝
  • Dai Zhang 傣涨 (Ganzhuang Flowery-Waist Dai 甘庄花腰傣): Ganzhuangba 甘庄坝
  • Dai Ka 傣卡 (Chinese Dai 汉傣): Cuoke 撮科、Nancha 南岔、Nanma 南马、Nansa 南洒、Reshuitang 热水塘、Xizhuang 西庄
  • Dai Lang 傣郎 (Black Dai 黑傣): Gaozhai 高寨、Yangmahe 养马河

Bai[edit]

The Yuanjiang County Almanac (1993:100) lists the following locations for ethnic Bai.

  • Yinyuan District 因远区: Sanjia 三甲、Anren 安仁、Anding 安定、Shapu 沙铺、Beize 北泽、Tingqing 廷庆、Benkang 奔扛、Malucun 马鹿村、Budie 补垤

Climate[edit]

Due to its location at the bottom of a deep mountainous river valley, Yuanjiang lies at the junction of three different climate types, namely the tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and, uniquely for China, the hot subtype of a semi-arid climate (Köppen Bsh). There are two main seasons: a dry season lasting from late November to early April, with mostly warm and dry weather (and the occasional cold snap) and the wet season covering May through September. The coolest months are December and January, which each average 16.8 °C (62.2 °F), and the hottest is June, at 28.8 °C (83.8 °F).

Climate data for Yuanjiang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
26.9
(80.4)
30.9
(87.6)
33.8
(92.8)
34.5
(94.1)
34.4
(93.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
32.3
(90.1)
30.3
(86.5)
26.7
(80.1)
24.0
(75.2)
30.4
(86.8)
Average low °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.6
(56.5)
16.9
(62.4)
20.1
(68.2)
23.0
(73.4)
25.0
(77)
25.0
(77)
24.1
(75.4)
22.8
(73)
20.3
(68.5)
16.2
(61.2)
12.4
(54.3)
19.3
(66.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.2
(0.52)
22.2
(0.874)
20.3
(0.799)
46.2
(1.819)
104.4
(4.11)
116.4
(4.583)
126.4
(4.976)
129.9
(5.114)
86.1
(3.39)
59.6
(2.346)
58.9
(2.319)
12.7
(0.5)
796.3
(31.35)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.9 4.3 4.4 8.4 13.1 15.7 17.1 16.7 12.5 11.1 7.6 3.6 118.4
Source: Weather China [1]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "元江城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 

External links[edit]