Kazakhs in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Kazakhs, called Hāsàkè Zú in Chinese (; literally "Kazakh people" or "Kazakh tribe") are among 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. After the fall of the Zunghar Khanate, the Manchus filled in the depopulated area with immigrants from many parts of their empire. In the 19th century, the advance of the Russian Empire troops pushed Kazakhs to neighboring countries. In 1936, after Sheng Shicai expelled 30,000 Kazakhs from Xinjiang to Qinghai, Hui led by General Ma Bufang massacred their fellow Muslim Kazakhs, until there were 135 of them left.[1][2][3] In China there is one Kazakh autonomous prefecture, the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, three Kazakh autonomous counties, Aksai Kazakh Autonomous County in Gansu, Barkol Kazakh Autonomous County and Mori Kazakh Autonomous County in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Many Kazakhs in China are not fluent in Standard Chinese, instead speaking the Kazakh language.

Distribution[edit]

By province[edit]

By county[edit]

County-level distribution of the Kazakh

(Only includes counties or county-equivalents containing >1% of county population.)

Сounty/Сity  % Kazakh Kazakh pop Total pop
Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region 6,74 1245023 18459511
Akesai Kazak autonomous county 30,50 2712 8891
Ürümqi city 2,34 48772 2081834
Tianshan district 1,77 8354 471432
Shayibake district 1,27 6135 482235
Xinshi district 1,06 4005 379220
Dongshan district 1,96 1979 100796
Urumchi county 8,00 26278 328536
Kelamayi city 3,67 9919 270232
Dushanzi district 4,24 2150 50732
Kelamayi district 3,49 5079 145452
Baijiantan district 3,35 2151 64297
Wuerhe district 5,53 539 9751
Hami prefecture 8,76 43104 492096
Hami city 2,71 10546 388714
Balikun Kazak autonomous county 34,01 29236 85964
Yiwu county 19,07 3322 17418
Changji Hui autonomous prefecture 7,98 119942 1503097
Changji city 4,37 16919 387169
Fukang city 7,83 11984 152965
Miquan city 1,94 3515 180952
Hutubi county 10,03 21118 210643
Manasi county 9,62 16410 170533
Qitai county 10,07 20629 204796
Jimusaer county 8,06 9501 117867
Mulei Kazak autonomous county 25,41 19866 78172
Boertala Mongolian autonomous prefecture 9,14 38744 424040
Bole city 7,10 15955 224869
Jinghe county 8,27 11048 133530
Wenquan county 17,89 11741 65641
Yili Kazak autonomous prefecture 1,78 5077 285299
Kuitun city 1,78 5077 285299
Yili prefecture 22,55 469634 2082577
Yi'ning city 4,81 17205 357519
Yi'ning county 10,30 39745 385829
Chabuchaer Xibo autonomous county 20,00 32363 161834
Huocheng county 7,96 26519 333013
Gongliu county 29,69 45450 153100
Xinyuan county 43,43 117195 269842
Zhaosu county 48,43 70242 145027
Tekesi county 42,25 56571 133900
Nileke county 45,15 64344 142513
Tacheng prefecture 24,21 216020 892397
Tacheng city 15,51 23144 149210
Wusu city 9,93 18907 190359
Emin county 33,42 59586 178309
Shawan county 16,23 30621 188715
Tuoli county 68,98 55102 79882
Yumin county 32,42 15609 48147
Hebukesaier Mongolian autonomous county 22,59 13051 57775
Aletai prefecture 51,38 288612 561667
Aletai city 36,80 65693 178510
Buerjin county 57,31 35324 61633
Fuyun county 69,68 56433 80986
Fuhai county 31,86 24793 77830
Habahe county 59,79 43889 73403
Qinghe county 75,61 40709 53843
Jimunai county 61,39 21771 35462

Famous Chinese Kazakhs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951). The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 277. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 152. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  2. ^ American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951). Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volumes 276–278. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 152. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  3. ^ American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951). The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 277. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 152. Retrieved 2012-09-29. "A group of Kazakhs, originally numbering over 20000 people when expelled from Sinkiang by Sheng Shih-ts'ai in 1936, was reduced, after repeated massacres by their Chinese coreligionists under Ma Pu-fang, to a scattered 135 people." 

External links[edit]