Telephone numbers in China

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China telephone numbers
Location
Country China
Continent Asia
Type open
Access codes
Country calling code +86
International call prefix 00
Trunk prefix 0

Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of Mainland China. Land lines and mobile telephone numbers have different structures: land lines use area codes, while mobile phones do not. Land line phone numbers in major cities have 8 digits after the two digit area code, whereas in other areas no less than 7 digits after a three digit area code. Mobile phone numbers have 11 digits without area codes.

Dialing a land line from another land line within the same area does not require dialing the area code. When making a domestic long distance call from a land line phone, the trunk prefix "0" must be dialed first, followed by the area code and the telephone number. Calling a mobile phone from a land line requires the addition of the "0" in front of the mobile phone number if they are not in the same area as well. Mobile to land line calls require the "0" and the area code, if the land line is not within the same area. Mobile to mobile calls does not require the "0". The "0" is never needed when dialing from outside mainland China.

The Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau are not part of this numbering plan, and use the country codes 852 and 853, respectively.

In addition, the PRC numbering plan reserves space for Taiwan, but they are not currently used. PRC claims Taiwan and several islands of Fujian which are under the control of the Republic of China. Currently phone numbers in these areas are under the separate international calling code of 886. See Telephone numbers in Taiwan.

Mobile phones[edit]

In mainland China, mobile phone numbers have 11 digits in the format 1xx-xxxx-xxxx, in which the first three digits (e.g. 13x, 14x,15x and 18x) designate the mobile phone service provider.

As new numbers were introduced over time, it is possible to recognize the age of a number: The oldest GSM numbers start with 1390…, the second oldest 1380… and 1300… Keeping the same number over time is somewhat associated with stability and reliability of the owner. As the fourth digit was introduced later, thus it is 0 for all old numbers. In further extensions, non-139,138,130 numbers were introduced. The fifth to seventh digit sometimes relates to age and location.

Even earlier, before GSM age, mobile phones had numbers starting with 9. Those numbers were eventually translated into 1390xx9…, where xx were local identifiers.

Mobile service providers can be identified by the first three or four digits as follows:

Prefix Provider Network
130/1/2 China Unicom GSM
133 China Telecom * CDMA
1340–1348 China Mobile GSM
1349 ChinaSat Satellite
135/6/7/8/9 China Mobile GSM
145 China Unicom WCDMA (Data-plans only)
147 China Mobile TD-SCDMA (Data-plans only)
150/1/2 China Mobile GSM
153 China Telecom CDMA
155 China Unicom GSM
156 China Unicom GSM (upgradeable to WCDMA)
157 China Mobile TD-SCDMA
158/9 China Mobile GSM
180/1 China Telecom CDMA
182 China Mobile GSM
183 China Mobile ?
185/6 China Unicom WCDMA
187 China Mobile GSM
188 China Mobile TD-SCDMA
189 China Telecom CDMA
177 BluePack Network 5 GHz Encrypted Data & Voice

* Former China Unicom

Area 1[edit]

The prefix 1 is used exclusively by the national capital, Beijing Municipality.

Area 2[edit]

These are area codes for the municipalities of Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing, as well as several major cities with early access to telephones. All of these cities have upgraded to an 8-number system in the past decade. The People's Republic of China reserves code 26 for Taipei, capital of Taiwan, which it claims sovereignty over, but does not actually control.

Area 3[edit]

These are area codes for the provinces of Hebei, Shanxi and Henan.

Hebei[edit]

Shanxi[edit]

Henan[edit]

Area 4[edit]

These are area codes for the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, and the provinces in Northeast China (Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang). Additionally, numbers starting 400 are shared-pay (callers are charged local rate anywhere in the country) numbers.

Liaoning[edit]

The provincial capital, Shenyang, uses code 24.

Jilin[edit]

Heilongjiang[edit]

Inner Mongolia[edit]

Area 5[edit]

These are area codes for the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong (predominantly), Anhui, Zhejiang and Fujian.

Jiangsu[edit]

The provincial capital of Nanjing uses code 25.

Shandong – Area 5[edit]

While most areas in Shandong use the prefix 5, some areas also use the prefix 6.

Anhui[edit]

Zhejiang[edit]

Fujian[edit]

Kinmen, Matsu, and Wuchiu are currently under the control of the Republic of China; and are under the international calling code of 886.

Area 6[edit]

All area codes with prefix 6 were assigned in recent years. This prefix (+86 6...) was reserved for Taiwan (+886) during the cold war years.[citation needed]

Shandong – Area 6[edit]

While most areas in Shandong use the prefix 5, some areas also use the prefix 6.

Guangdong – Area 6[edit]

While most areas in Guangdong use the prefix 7, some areas also use the prefix 6. The provincial capital Guangzhou uses code 20.

Yunnan – Area 6[edit]

While most areas in Yunnan use the prefix 8, a couple of areas also use the prefix 6.

Area 7[edit]

These are area codes for the central provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong (predominantly), Jiangxi, and the autonomous region of Guangxi.

Hubei[edit]

The provincial capital of Wuhan uses code 27.

Hunan[edit]

Guangdong – Area 7[edit]

Some areas in Guangdong use the prefix 6, while the provincial capital of Guangzhou uses code 20.

Guangxi[edit]

Jiangxi[edit]

Area 8[edit]

These are area codes for the provinces of Sichuan, Hainan, Guizhou, Yunnan (predominantly) and the autonomous region of Tibet.

Sichuan[edit]

The provincial capital of Chengdu uses code 28.

Guizhou[edit]

Yunnan – Area 8[edit]

Some areas in Yunnan use the prefix 6.

Tibet/Xizang[edit]

Hainan[edit]

  • All areas – 898

Area 9[edit]

These are area codes for northwestern regions including the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai, as well as the autonomous regions of Ningxia and Xinjiang.

Shaanxi[edit]

The provincial capital Xi'an uses code 29. Xianyang uses the same code as Xi'an starting from 16 September 2006.[1]

Gansu[edit]

Ningxia[edit]

Qinghai[edit]

Xinjiang[edit]

Emergency Numbers[edit]

From within Mainland China, the following emergency numbers are used:

In most cities, the emergency numbers provide assistance in Mandarin Chinese and English.

Others[edit]

From within Mainland China, the following special numbers are used:

International Access Code[edit]

The international access code from the PRC is 00. This must also be used for calls to Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau from the Chinese mainland, together with their separate international codes. However, calls are charged at discounted rates. Examples are as follows:

Place Prefix
Taiwan 00 886 …
Hong Kong 00 852 xxxx xxxx
Macau 00 853 xxx xxxx
US/Canada 00 1 xxx xxx xxxx
Singapore 00 65 xxxx xxxx

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Document 68168" (in Chinese). Xianyang. 2006-09-16. Archived from the original on 2009-03-05. 

External links[edit]