Álava (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Álava
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Álava).png
Location of Álava within Spain
Province Álava
Autonomous community Basque Country
Population 323,648 (2016)
Electorate 254,579 (2016)
Major settlements Vitoria-Gasteiz
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 4

Álava (Basque: Araba) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Álava is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Álava 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 1 2
1st 1979
1 1 2
2nd 1982
2 1 1
3rd 1986
2 1 1
4th 1989
2 1 1
5th 1993
2 1 1
6th 1996
1 1 2
7th 2000
1 1 2
8th 2004
2 1 1
9th 2008
2 1 1
10th 2011
1 1 1 1
11th 2015
1 1 1 1
12th 2016
1 1 1 1

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
United We Can (Podemos/Ahal DuguIUeQuo)1 51,827 30.92 +0.10 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 34,276 20.45 +1.65 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 26,703 15.93 +0.11 1 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 26,381 15.74 +1.60 1 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 15,858 9.46 –2.39 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 8,372 4.99 –0.88 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,078 0.64 –0.08
Total 167,640 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 167,640 99.00 –0.03
Invalid votes 1,691 1.00 +0.03
Votes cast / turnout 169,331 66.51 –4.64
Abstentions 85,248 33.49 +4.64
Registered voters 254,579
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
We Can (Podemos/Ahal Dugu) 48,413 27.02 New 1 +1
People's Party (PP) 33,683 18.80 –8.37 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 28,353 15.82 –3.03 1 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 25,331 14.14 –9.29 1 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu)1 21,225 11.85 –7.30 0 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 10,512 5.87 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 6,814 3.80 –0.28 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,292 0.72 –0.42
Total 179,177 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 179,177 99.03 +0.62
Invalid votes 1,764 0.97 –0.62
Votes cast / turnout 180,941 71.15 +2.49
Abstentions 73,386 28.85 –2.49
Registered voters 254,327
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 46,034 27.17 +0.63 1 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 39,698 23.43 –17.30 1 –1
Amaiur (Amaiur)1 32,439 19.15 +14.33 1 +1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 31,931 18.85 +1.10 1 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 6,917 4.08 –0.09 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,662 2.75 +0.73 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 3,574 2.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,924 1.14 –0.38
Total 169,425 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 169,425 98.41 –0.40
Invalid votes 2,729 1.59 +0.40
Votes cast / turnout 172,154 68.66 –0.97
Abstentions 78,589 31.34 +0.97
Registered voters 250,743
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 69,479 40.73 +9.94 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 45,276 26.54 –0.33 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 31,983 18.75 –7.08 1 ±0
United Left–Greens–Alternative (EB–B) 7,120 4.17 –3.61 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 5,311 3.11 –1.19 0 ±0
Aralar (Aralar) 2,917 1.71 –0.16 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,019 1.18 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,588 1.52 +0.08
Total 170,589 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 170,589 98.81 +3.37
Invalid votes 2,055 1.19 –3.37
Votes cast / turnout 172,644 69.63 –7.60
Abstentions 75,286 30.37 +7.60
Registered voters 247,930
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 56,137 30.79 +6.49 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 48,992 26.87 –12.23 1 –1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 47,090 25.83 +5.09 1 ±0
United Left (EB/IU) 14,181 7.78 +2.17 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 7,838 4.30 –0.41 0 ±0
AralarStand up (Aralar–Zutik) 3,417 1.87 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,626 1.44 –1.61
Total 182,340 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 182,340 95.44 –3.21
Invalid votes 8,709 4.56 +3.21
Votes cast / turnout 191,049 77.23 +6.95
Abstentions 56,328 22.77 –6.95
Registered voters 247,377
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 66,267 39.10 +11.79 2 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 41,182 24.30 –1.12 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 35,155 20.74 +0.58 1 ±0
United Left (EB/IU) 9,509 5.61 –6.06 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 7,985 4.71 –0.88 0 ±0
The Greens (B/LV) 1,880 1.11 +0.65 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,163 3.05 +1.56
Total 169,488 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 169,488 98.65 –0.49
Invalid votes 2,320 1.35 +0.49
Votes cast / turnout 171,808 70.28 –2.02
Abstentions 72,669 29.72 +2.02
Registered voters 244,477
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 45,731 27.31 +7.75 2 +1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 42,561 25.42 –0.66 1 –1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 33,761 20.16 +3.36 1 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 19,535 11.67 +4.81 0 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 12,552 7.50 –1.88 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 9,364 5.59 –0.18 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,490 1.49 +0.07
Total 167,426 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 167,426 99.14 –0.10
Invalid votes 1,458 0.86 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 168,884 72.30 +1.23
Abstentions 64,688 27.70 –1.23
Registered voters 233,572
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE))1 40,860 26.08 –8.45 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 30,652 19.56 +5.47 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 26,321 16.80 –0.06 1 ±0
Alavese Unity (UA) 16,623 10.61 New 0 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 14,702 9.38 –2.24 0 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 10,748 6.86 +3.80 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity–Basque Left (EA–EUE) 9,036 5.77 –2.71 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,818 1.16 –5.53 0 ±0
The Greens (B/LV) 1,775 1.13 +0.45 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,223 1.42 +0.65
Total 156,676 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 156,676 99.24 +0.25
Invalid votes 1,203 0.76 –0.25
Votes cast / turnout 157,879 71.07 +4.37
Abstentions 64,273 28.93 –4.37
Registered voters 222,152
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 35,723 25.92 –7.22 2 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 23,247 16.86 –2.20 1 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 19,427 14.09 –1.73 1 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 16,015 11.62 –0.42 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 11,873 8.61 +0.50 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 11,689 8.48 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 9,228 6.69 –2.06 0 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 4,219 3.06 +2.21 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 1,838 1.33 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,059 0.77 +0.05
Total 137,846 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 137,846 98.99 +0.80
Invalid votes 1,400 1.01 –0.80
Votes cast / turnout 139,246 66.70 +3.22
Abstentions 69,528 33.30 –3.22
Registered voters 208,774
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 45,259 33.14 –2.19 2 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 26,030 19.06 –2.89 1 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 21,600 15.82 –3.31 1 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 16,440 12.04 +2.10 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 11,951 8.75 +4.92 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 11,081 8.11 +1.15 0 ±0
Blank ballots 986 0.72 +0.15
Total 136,562 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 136,562 98.19 +0.58
Invalid votes 2,522 1.81 –0.58
Votes cast / turnout 139,084 69.92 –11.91
Abstentions 59,840 30.08 +11.91
Registered voters 198,924
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 51,674 35.33 +13.98 2 +1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 32,103 21.95 –0.97 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (APPDPPDLUCD)1 27,974 19.13 –12.46 1 –1
Popular Unity (HB) 14,540 9.94 ±0.00 0 ±0
Basque Country Left–Left for Socialism (EE) 10,180 6.96 +2.29 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,604 3.83 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 1,573 1.08 –2.25 0 ±0
Blank ballots 834 0.57 +0.16
Total 146,251 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 146,251 97.61 +0.35
Invalid votes 3,583 2.39 –0.35
Votes cast / turnout 149,834 81.83 +12.98
Abstentions 33,275 18.17 –12.98
Registered voters 183,109
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 29,625 25.41 –5.45 2 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 26,722 22.92 +5.44 1 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE)1 24,891 21.35 –7.57 1 ±0
Popular Unity (HB)2 11,594 9.94 +7.72 0 ±0
Foral Union of the Basque Country (UFV)3 7,205 6.18 –0.20 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 5,442 4.67 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 3,877 3.33 +0.19 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 1,246 1.07 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 1,218 1.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 481 0.41 +0.21
Total 116,601 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 116,601 97.26 –0.57
Invalid votes 3,291 2.74 +0.57
Votes cast / turnout 119,892 68.85 –14.09
Abstentions 54,253 31.15 +14.09
Registered voters 174,145
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

ÁlavaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 38,338 30.86 2
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 34,244 27.57 1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 21,708 17.48 1
People's Alliance (AP) 7,927 6.38 0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 3,906 3.14 0
Basque Christian Democracy (DCV) 3,439 2.77 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 3,324 2.68 0
Basque Socialist Party (ESB/PSV) 2,756 2.22 0
Independent (INDEP) 2,622 2.11 0
Independent (INDEP) 2,347 1.89 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 1,677 1.35 0
Blank ballots 245 0.20
Total 124,212 100.00 4
Valid votes 124,212 97.83
Invalid votes 2,756 2.17
Votes cast / turnout 126,968 82.94
Abstentions 26,112 17.06
Registered voters 153,080
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°50′N 2°45′W / 42.833°N 2.750°W / 42.833; -2.750