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|1172 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1172 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1925|
|Balinese saka calendar||1093–1094|
|English Regnal year||18 Hen. 2 – 19 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)|
3868 or 3808
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3869 or 3809
|- Vikram Samvat||1228–1229|
|- Shaka Samvat||1093–1094|
|- Kali Yuga||4272–4273|
|Japanese calendar||Jōan 2|
|Minguo calendar||740 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1483/1484 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1714–1715|
1298 or 917 or 145
— to —
1299 or 918 or 146
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1172.|
- April-May – Béla returns to Hungary, where he is acclaimed king.
- Richard Lionheart becomes Duke of Aquitaine (later King Richard I of England).
- Henry II of England and Humbert III, Count of Savoy agree to wed their respective heirs, John of England and Alicia. The alliance never occurs because Henry's elder heir, Henry the Young King, becomes jealous over the castles which the elder Henry promises to the couple, and stages a rebellion which will take the elder Henry two years to put down. By that time, Alicia has died.
- Alberto di Morra is sent by Pope Alexander III to the Council of Avranches, where Henry II of England is absolved of the sin of murder, in the matter of the assassination of Thomas Becket.
- The Synod of Cashel ends the Celtic Christian system, and brings them under the Pope.
- A Muslim rebellion is quelled at Prades; this event marks the end of the pacification of the lands recently conquered by the Catalans.
- According to the annals of the Worcester Priory, "nothing memorable" happens in this year.
- July – Baldwin I of Constantinople (d. 1205)
- date unknown
- March 4 – King Stephen III of Hungary (b. 1147)
- December 23 – Ugo Ventimiglia, Italian cardinal
- date unknown
- King John by Warren. Published by the University of California Press in 1961. p. 29
- McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.
- 4 ANNALES MONASTICI (Henry Richards Luard ed., 1869) ("MCLXXII. Nihil memoriale.")