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|1131 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1131 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1884|
|Balinese saka calendar||1052–1053|
|English Regnal year||31 Hen. 1 – 32 Hen. 1|
|Chinese calendar||庚戌年 (Metal Dog)|
3827 or 3767
— to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3828 or 3768
|- Vikram Samvat||1187–1188|
|- Shaka Samvat||1052–1053|
|- Kali Yuga||4231–4232|
|Japanese calendar||Daiji 6 / Tenshō 1|
|Minguo calendar||781 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1442/1443 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1673–1674|
1257 or 876 or 104
— to —
1258 or 877 or 105
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1131.|
- August 21 – King Baldwin II falls seriously ill after his return from Antioch. He is moved to the patriarch's residence near the Holy Sepulchre where he bequeaths the kingdom to his daughter Melisende, her husband Fulk and their infant son, Baldwin. He takes monastic vows and dies soon after. Baldwin is buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem.
- September 14 – Melisende succeeds her father Baldwin II to the throne and reigns jointly with Fulk as King and Queen of Jerusalem. They are crowned in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre which is celebrated with festivities.
- Ramon Berenguer III (the Great), count of Barcelona, dies after a 34-year reign. He leaves most of his Catalonian territories to his elder son Ramon Berenguer IV, who continues the fight against the Almoravid Muslims. His younger son Berenguer Ramon inherits Provence (Southern France) and will reign as Ramon I (until 1144).
- The Knights Templars appear in the North-East of Spain and are receiving privileges from King Alfonso I (the Battler). The Templars support him to regain land from the Almoravids. Alfonso grants them exemption of tax on a fifth of the wealth taken from the Muslims. The Templars found their first stronghold in Aragon.
- October 13 – The 15-year-old Philip, eldest son of King Louis VI (the Fat) of France, dies when his horse trips over a black pig that darts out of a dung heap unexpectedly at a market in Paris.
- May 9 – Tintern Abbey is founded in Wales by Cistercian monks in the Wye Valley.
- Construction begins on the Beisi Pagoda in Jiangsu Province (approximate date).
- The Council of Rheims is held by several French bishops and many clergy.
- January 14 – Valdemar I (the Great), king of Denmark (d. 1182)
- November 8 – Myeongjong, Korean king of Goryeo (d. 1202)
- Eudoxia of Kiev, high duchess of Poland (approximate date)
- Henry of Sandomierz, Polish nobleman (approximate date)
- Fujiwara no Teishi, Japanese noblewoman (d. 1176)
- Ladislaus II, king of Hungary and Croatia (d. 1163)
- Nakayama Tadachika, Japanese nobleman (d. 1195)
- January 7 – Canute Lavard, duke of Schleswig (b. 1096)
- April 30 – Adjutor, French knight and saint
- August 21 – Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem
- August 30 – Hervey le Breton, English bishop
- October 5 – Frederick I, German archbishop
- October 13 – Philip, co-king of France (b. 1116)
- October 24 – Gerard II, count of Guelders
- November 16 – Dobrodeia of Kiev, Byzantine princess
- December 4 – Omar Khayyám, Persian astronomer (b. 1048)
- Abu Ali Ahmed ibn al-Afdal, Fatimid vizier
- Alger of Liège, French monk and writer (b. 1055)
- Andronikos Komnenos, Byzantine prince (or 1130)
- Ayn al-Quzat Hamadani, Persian philosopher (b. 1098)
- Elizabeth of Vermandois, English countess
- Feardana Ua Cárthaigh, Irish chief poet
- Gaston IV of Béarn, French nobleman
- Harald Haakonsson, Norse Earl of Orkney
- Joscelin I (Courtenay), count of Edessa
- Mahmud II, sultan of the Seljuk Empire
- Maud (or Matilda), queen of Scotland
- Meng, Chinese empress and regent (b. 1073)
- Ramon Berenguer III, count of Barcelona (b. 1082)
- Stephen II, king of Hungary and Croatia (b. 1101)
- Zheng (or Xiansu), Chinese empress (b. 1079)