|1160 by topic|
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|1160 in poetry|
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- The Almohads conquer Mahdia from the Normans, after an important naval success near the city, against Christian reenforcement coming from Sicily.
- A commercial treaty, between the Almohad Caliphate and the Republic of Pisa, opens the North African ports to Tuscan merchants.
- The Heiji Rebellion continues in Japan. Some 500 Minamoto rebels, opposed to the retired emperor Go-Shirakawa, carry out a daring raid on the Sanjo Palace.
- Yasovarman II succeeds his uncle Dharanindravarman as ruler of the Khmer Empire. Dharanindravarman's son Jayavarman acquiesces to his cousin's succession, and goes into exile in neighboring Champa.
- Reynald of Chatillon is arrested by the Muslims.
- February 3 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa takes Crema, Italy following a cruel siege, as part of his campaign against the independent Italian city-states.
- May 18 – Erik Jedvardsson is murdered, after which his murderer Magnus Henriksen proclaims himself king of Sweden. He is murdered in turn the following year, however. Eric is soon worshipped as a saint. Though never formally canonized by the pope, he eventually becomes the patron saint of Sweden.
- A large Portuguese offensive begins in the Alentejo region, against the Muslims.
- The city of Tomar is founded in Portugal, by Gualdim Pais.
- Spital am Semmering is founded by Margrave Ottokar III of Styria.
- A plot of land at Miholjanec is donated to the Knights Templar, who build a monastery in nearby Zdelia; this is the earliest historical mention of the Templars in Croatia and Hungary.
- October 4 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
- Yaqub, Almohad Caliph, ruler of Morocco (d. 1199)
- John de Courcy, Earl of Ulster (d. 1219)
- Rabbi David Kimhi, French biblical commentator (d. 1235)
- Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (d. 1218)
- Taira no Noritsune, Japanese warrior (d. 1185)
- Eschiva of Ibelin, queen consort of Cyprus (d. 1196)
- Geoffrey of Villehardouin, French chronicler (d. c. (1212)
- Ibn al-Athir, Anatolian historian (d. 1233)
- Sibylla of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem, daughter of Almaric I and Agnes of Courtenay (d. 1190)
- Dulce, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1198)
- Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din, the second emir of Damascus
- Robin Hood, a heroic outlaw in English folklore (d. 1247)
- Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen (d. 1218)
- February 11 – Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
- April 27 – Rudolf I, Count of Bregenz (b. 1081)
- May 18 – Eric Jedvardsson, king of Sweden since 1156 (b. c. 1120)
- October 4 – Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
- date unknown
- Al-Muqtafi, Caliph of Baghdad
- Dharanindravarman II, ruler of the Khmer Empire
- Helena of Skövde, Swedish local saint (b. 1101)
- Minamoto no Yoshihira, Japanese warrior (b. 1140)
- Peter Lombard, French scholastic philosopher (b. c. 1100)
- Raymond du Puy, the first Grand Master of the Order of the Knights Hospitaller. (b. c.1083)
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman, VIIIe-XIIIe siècle: L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
- Hunyadi, Zsolt; Laszlovszky, József. The Crusades and the Military Orders. Central European University. Dept. of Medieval Studies. p. 246. ISBN 978-963-9241-42-8.