1196

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1196 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1196
MCXCVI
Ab urbe condita1949
Armenian calendar645
ԹՎ ՈԽԵ
Assyrian calendar5946
Balinese saka calendar1117–1118
Bengali calendar603
Berber calendar2146
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 8 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1740
Burmese calendar558
Byzantine calendar6704–6705
Chinese calendar乙卯(Wood Rabbit)
3892 or 3832
    — to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
3893 or 3833
Coptic calendar912–913
Discordian calendar2362
Ethiopian calendar1188–1189
Hebrew calendar4956–4957
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1252–1253
 - Shaka Samvat1117–1118
 - Kali Yuga4296–4297
Holocene calendar11196
Igbo calendar196–197
Iranian calendar574–575
Islamic calendar592–593
Japanese calendarKenkyū 7
(建久7年)
Javanese calendar1103–1104
Julian calendar1196
MCXCVI
Korean calendar3529
Minguo calendar716 before ROC
民前716年
Nanakshahi calendar−272
Seleucid era1507/1508 AG
Thai solar calendar1738–1739
Tibetan calendar阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1322 or 941 or 169
    — to —
阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1323 or 942 or 170

Year 1196 (MCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • December – Emperor Alexios III (Angelos) is threatened by Emperor Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, who demands 5,000 pounds of gold or the Byzantines will face an invasion, this due to a convoluted system of dynastic claims of Henry gaining control of Alexios' daughter Irene Doukaina. The amount is negotiated down to 1,600 pounds of gold – with Alexios plundering the imperial tombs within the Church of the Holy Apostles – as well as levying a heavy and unpopular tax, known as the Alamanikon (or German Tax).[1]

Europe[edit]

  • Spring – Henry VI persuades a diet at Würzburg. He manages to convince the majority of the German nobles and clergy to recognize his 2-year-old son, Frederick II, as king of the Romans and heir to the imperial throne. However, Archbishop Adolf of Cologne thwarts the will of the diet and arouses the resistance of several Saxon and Thuringian nobles against Henry, who realizes that he is unable to establish a hereditary monarchy (see Erbreichsplan) in the Holy Roman Empire without resistance.[2]
  • April 23Béla III dies after a 23-year reign in which he has supported the former Byzantine emperor Isaac II (Angelos) against the invading Bulgarians. Having made the Hungarian court one of the most brilliant in Europe and made his hereditary monarchy. Béla is succeeded by his 22-year-old son Emeric as ruler of Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia (until 1204).
  • April 25 – King Alfonso II (the Chaste) dies after a 32-year reign at Perpignan. He leaves a will that divides his realm (Aragon loses Provence) and is succeeded by his 21-year-old son Peter II (the Catholic).
  • Battle of Serres: Bulgarian forces under Tsar Ivan Asen I defeat the Byzantine army near Serres. During the winter Ivan continues his campaign in Central Macedonia and captures many Byzantine fortresses.
  • Ivan Asen I is stabbed to death by Ivanko, a Bulgarian boyar (aristocrat), who is accused of having an affair with Ivan's wife sister. He is succeeded by his brother Kaloyan as co-ruler of the Bulgarian Empire.

England[edit]

Asia[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brand, Charles M. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, pp. 50–51. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  2. ^ Hampe, Karl (1973). Germany under the Salian and Hohenstaufen Emperors, p. 226. Trans: Bennett, Ralph. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-14180-4.
  3. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 60.
  4. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.