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This article is about the year 1409. For the number, see 1409 (number).
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1370s 1380s 1390s – 1400s – 1410s 1420s 1430s|
|Years:||1406 1407 1408 – 1409 – 1410 1411 1412|
|1409 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1409 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2162|
|English Regnal year||10 Hen. 4 – 11 Hen. 4|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4105 or 4045
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4106 or 4046
|- Vikram Samvat||1465–1466|
|- Shaka Samvat||1331–1332|
|- Kali Yuga||4510–4511|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 16
|Minguo calendar||503 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1951–1952|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1409.|
- January 1 – The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English.
- March 25 – The Council of Pisa opens. On June 5 it deposes Pope Gregory XII and Antipope Benedict XIII and on June 26 crowns Petros Philargos as Pope Alexander V; he is subsequently regarded as an antipope.
- July – Martin I of Aragon succeeds his own son as King of Sicily.
- August 7 – Council of Pisa closes.
- December 2 – The University of Leipzig opens.
- December 9 – Louis II of Anjou founds the University of Aix.
- Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand.
- The Republic of Venice purchases the port of Zadar from Hungary.
- Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen of the Teutonic Knights guarantees peace with the Kalmar Union of Scandinavia by selling the Baltic Sea island of Gotland to Queen Margaret of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
- Cheng Ho (or Zheng He), admiral of the Ming empire fleet, deposes the king of Sri Lanka.
- January 16 – René of Anjou (d. 1480)
- February 28 – Elisabeth of Bohemia (d. 1442)
- March 2 – Jean II, Duke of Alençon, son of John I of Alençon and his wife Marie of Brittany (d. 1476)
- March 12 – Isabella of Urgell, Duchess of Coimbra, Portuguese cuzhess (d. 1443)
- September 13 – Joan of Valois, Duchess of Alençon, French duchess (d. 1432)
- October 1 – Karl Knutsson, King of Sweden 1448–1457, 1464–1465 and 1467–1470 (possible date; his birth may also have been in 1408; d. 1470)
- October 7 – Elizabeth of Luxembourg (d. 1442)
- October 21 – Alessandro Sforza, Italian condottiero (d. 1473)
- date unknown – Bernardo Rossellino, Florentine sculptor and architect
- May 13 – Jan_of_Tarnów, Polish nobleman
- May 22 – Blanche of England, sister of King Henry V (b. 1392)
- July 25 – King Martin I of Sicily (b. 1374)
- date unknown – Thomas Merke, English bishop
- probable – Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (b. 1376)
- Martinsson, Örjan. "Gotland". www.tacitus.nu. Tacitus.nu. Retrieved 2014-06-12.