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July is the seventh month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Its length is 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., being the month of his birth. Before then it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the calendar that started with March.[1]

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern Hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.


Ruby gemstone
Ruby gemstone

July's birthstone is the ruby, which symbolizes contentment.

Blue delphinium (Larkspur)
Blue delphinium (Larkspur)
White water lily
White water lily

Its birth flowers are the larkspur and the water lily. The zodiac signs are Cancer (until July 22) and Leo (July 23 onward).[2][3]


This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

July, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4



(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown before the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Canada Day is celebrated on July 1
Canada Day is celebrated on July 1


First Friday[edit]

First Saturday[edit]

First Saturday and Sunday[edit]

First Sunday[edit]

Sunday closest to 2 July[edit]

First full week in July[edit]

First Monday[edit]

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekend[edit]

Day after first Monday[edit]

Second Monday[edit]

Second Thursday[edit]

Second Sunday[edit]

Nearest Sunday to 11 July[edit]

Third Monday[edit]

Third Sunday[edit]

Second to last Sunday in July and the following two weeks[edit]

Third Tuesday[edit]

Fourth Sunday[edit]

Friday preceding the Fourth Saturday and the following Sunday[edit]

Fourth Thursday[edit]

Last Saturday[edit]

Last Sunday[edit]

Thursday before the first Monday[edit]

Following Friday[edit]

Last Friday[edit]

Fixed Gregorian[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Keeping Time: Months and the Modern Calendar". Live Science. 16 May 2014.
  2. ^ The Earth passed the junction of the signs at 08:36 UT/GMT July 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 14:26 UT/GMT July 22, 2021.
  3. ^ "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  4. ^ "Dates for the Matariki public holiday". Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, NZ. 2023-04-05. Retrieved 2023-07-10.
  5. ^ "Ra o te Ui Ariki in the Cook Islands / July 6, 2021".
  6. ^ "Marrow Donor Day in Armenia / January 8, 2021".

External links[edit]