1881 in Scotland
|See also:||List of years in Scotland
Timeline of Scottish history
1881 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Scottish football: 1880–81 • 1881–82
Events from the year 1881 in Scotland.
- Lord Advocate – John McLaren until August; then John Blair Balfour
- Solicitor General for Scotland – John Blair Balfour; then Alexander Asher
- Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Glencorse
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Moncreiff
- 1 March – the Cunard Line's SS Servia, the first steel transatlantic liner, is launched at J. & G. Thomson's shipyard at Clydebank.
- 12 March – Andrew Watson of Glasgow's Queen's Park F.C. (from a mixed Scottish/British Guianese background) captains the Scotland national football team in a 6–1 victory against England, becoming the world's first black international Association football player.
- 1 July – formation, under the Childers Reforms of the British Army, of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Gordon Highlanders, Highland Light Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders.
- 20/21 July – 58 men, the crews of ten fishing boats (mostly sixareens) from Yell, Shetland, are drowned in a sudden storm.
- 25 August – Edinburgh Royal Review of Volunteers ("The Wet Review"): Large numbers of Volunteer Forces from all over Scotland parade before Queen Victoria in Holyrood Park on a day of prolonged heavy rainfall.
- 14 October – the Eyemouth disaster ("Black Friday"): a severe storm strikes the Berwickshire coast; 189 fishermen die.
- 21 December – the Aberdeen Line's SS Aberdeen, the first oceangoing ship successfully powered by a triple expansion steam engine, designed by Alexander Carnegie Kirk, is launched at Robert Napier & Sons' yard at Govan.
- The remains of Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford (died 1880), are stolen from the family crypt on the Dunecht estate.
- Memorial cairn erected at the site of the Battle of Culloden (1746).
- Clydebank Co-operative Society formed.
- Inverness Museum and Art Gallery originally opened.
- Fettesian-Lorettonian Club established as a joint sporting club of the two named Edinburgh public schools, primarily for the playing of rugby union.
- 29 March – Charles Jarvis, soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (died 1948)
- 6 August – Alexander Fleming, biologist, pharmacologist and botanist (died 1955 in London)
- 2 November – Tom Johnston, socialist politician (died 1965)
- 6 November – Alfred David McAlpine, civil engineering contractor (died 1944)
- 1 December – Alastair Denniston, cryptanalyst (died 1961 in England)
- 25 December – Willie Gallacher, trade unionist and communist MP (died 1965)
- 22 August – John Hill Burton, advocate, historian and economist (born 1809)
- 30 October – William Brodie, sculptor (born 1815)
- 31 October – Alexander Macdonald, miner, trade unionist and Lib–Lab MP (born 1821)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 434–435. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Aitchison, Peter (2001). Children of the Sea: the story of the Eyemouth disaster. East Linton: Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1-86232-240-6.
- Roughead, William (1913). "The Dunecht Mystery". Twelve Scots Trials. Edinburgh: W. Green & Sons. pp. 248–272. Retrieved 2014-06-06.