1945 in Scotland
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|See also:||List of years in Scotland
Timeline of Scottish history
1945 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Scottish football: 1944–45 • 1945–46
Events from the year 1945 in Scotland.
- Monarch – George VI
- Secretary of State for Scotland and Keeper of the Great Seal – Tom Johnston until 23 May; then The Earl of Rosebery until 26 July; then vacant until 3 August; then Joseph Westwood
- Lord Advocate – James Reid until August; then George Reid Thomson
- Solicitor General for Scotland – Sir David King Murray until September; then Daniel Blades
- Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Normand
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Cooper
- Chairman of the Scottish Land Court – Lord Gibson
- March – Bruce Report (First Planning Report to the Highways and Planning Committee of the Corporation of the City of Glasgow) published, proposing massive regeneration and rebuilding in central Glasgow.
- 13 April – the Motherwell by-election results in the first Scottish National Party Member of Parliament, Robert McIntyre, being elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom after taking the seat from Labour.
- 7 May – at 23:00 the SS Avondale Park is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-2336 off the Firth of Forth with two killed, the last British-flagged merchant ship lost to German action.
- 8 May – V-E Day is celebrated throughout the U.K.
- 10 May – German U-boats begin to surrender at Loch Eriboll.
- 12 May – official inauguration of Churchill Barriers on Orkney.
- 20 May – 30 surrendered German U-boats are escorted into Kyle of Lochalsh from Loch Eriboll for onward movement to Londonderry Port.
- 30 May–6 June – 64 surrendered German U-boats from Norway are processed at Scapa Flow for onward movement to Londonderry Port or Cairnryan. Until 30 June, U-boats are escorted directly to these ports from Norway and Germany via the Pentland Firth.
- 13 June – a Consolidated B-24 Liberator, returning from Prestwick to the United States, crashes over the Fairy Lochs with the loss of all 15 on board.
- 26 July – results of United Kingdom general election, 1945, declared. In Scotland, as throughout the U.K., Labour have a majority of the seats with an 11% swing in their favour, and regain the Motherwell seat. Ernest Brown, leader of the National Liberal Party, loses his seat at Leith to Labour and Sir Archibald Sinclair, leader of the U.K. Liberal Party, comes third in the poll at Caithness and Sutherland.
- 14 August – George Reid Thomson installed as Lord Advocate, replacing James Reid
- 15 August – V-J Day is celebrated throughout the U.K.
- December – Alexander Fleming shares the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- 6 January – Martin O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of Clackmannan, politician
- 7 February – Ian Jack, journalist
- 21 April – Alasdair Morgan, politician
- 24 April – Graeme Catto, physician and academic
- 12 May – Jimmy Ryan, footballer
- 4 June – Gordon Waller, singer-songwriter (died 2009 in the United States)
- 10 June – Benny Gallagher, singer-songwriter
- 28 June – Ken Buchanan, undisputed world lightweight boxing champion
- 3 July – Michael Martin, Speaker of the House of Commons
- 30 July – Tom Devine, historian
- 5 September – Al Stewart, folk rock singer-songwriter
- 18 September – John McAfee, computer programmer
- 18 October – Sam Galbraith, brain surgeon, Labour MP (1987-2001) and MSP (1999-2001) and long-term lung transplantation survivor (born in Clitheroe; died 2014)
- 19 October – Angus Deaton, economist, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2015)
- 23 November – Dennis Nilsen, serial killer
- 7 December – Clive Russell, actor
- 21 February – Eric Liddell, athlete, international rugby union player and missionary (born 1902 in China; died in Weihsien Compound)
- 13 March – Andrew Wilson, international footballer (born 1880)
- 20 March – Dorothy Campbell, golfer (born 1883)
- 20 April – Kenneth Mackenzie, bishop of Argyll and The Isles (born 1863)
- 26 May – Robert MacKenzie, rugby union player (born 1856)
- 31 May – Lachlan Grant, physician (born 1871)
- 16 September – Sir David Young Cameron, painter (born 1865)
- 30 October – Atholl MacGregor, colonial judge (born 1883)
- 11 September – the Citizens Theatre opens in Glasgow under this name.
- Ena Lamont Stewart's play Starched Aprons is premiered by the MSU Repertory Theatre in Rutherglen.
- Stirling Albion F.C. established.
- Waller, Derek (2010-09-25). "U-Boats that Surrendered - Operation Pledge". u-boat.net. Retrieved 2014-11-14.
- "Notable Dates in History". The Flag in the Wind. The Scots Independent. Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "No. 16257". The Edinburgh Gazette. 21 August 1945. p. 285.
- The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945.