2019–20 Liga MX season

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Liga MX
Season2019–20
Matches played126
Goals scored364 (2.89 per match)
Top goalscorerApertura:
Julio Furch
Mauro Quiroga
(9 goals)
Biggest home winApertura:
Necaxa 7–0 Veracruz
(3 August 2019)
Biggest away winApertura:
Veracruz 0–5 Querétaro
(27 August 2019)
Highest scoringApertura:
Necaxa 7–0 Veracruz
(3 August 2019)
León 4–3 Guadalajara
(17 August 2019)
Cruz Azul 5–2 América
(5 October 2019)
Longest winning runApertura: 4 matches Santos Laguna
Longest unbeaten runApertura: 7 matches América
León
UANL
Longest winless runApertura: 13 matches Veracruz
Longest losing runApertura: 6 matches Veracruz
Highest attendanceApertura: 63,908
América vs Guadalajara
(28 September 2019)
Lowest attendanceApertura: 7,322
Veracruz vs Querétaro
(27 August 2019)
Total attendanceApertura: 2,982,212
Average attendanceApertura: 23,668
Stats are from the regular season only
Source: Liga MX

The 2019–20 Liga MX season is the 73rd professional season of the top-flight football league in Mexico. The season is divided into two championships—the Torneo Apertura and the Torneo Clausura—each in an identical format and each contested by the same nineteen teams. The Apertura tournament began on 19 July 2019.

Teams, stadiums, and personnel[edit]

The following nineteen teams will compete this season. Atlético San Luis was promoted from the Ascenso MX. Veracruz was initially relegated to the Ascenso MX after accumulating the lowest point coefficient last season, but instead they will continue to compete in the Liga MX after paying MXN$120 million to remain in Liga MX. Lobos BUAP's franchise in first division was purchased by FC Juárez. Lobos BUAP will be able to participate in the Ascenso MX but will remain frozen for one year.[1]

Stadiums and locations[edit]

América & Cruz Azul Atlas Atlético San Luis Guadalajara Juárez León
Estadio Azteca Estadio Jalisco Estadio Alfonso Lastras Estadio Akron Olímpico Benito Juárez Estadio León
Capacity: 87,000 Capacity: 55,110 Capacity: 25,709 Capacity: 45,364 Capacity: 19,703 Capacity: 31,297
Estadio Azteca, 2015.jpg Barra 51 Estadio Alfonso Lastras.jpg Omnilife Stadium.png Panoramicaestadiobenitojuarez.jpg Estadio León (Nou Camp), León, Guanajuato, México -Imagen Actual- 2013-12-10 14-09.jpg
Monterrey Morelia Necaxa Pachuca Puebla Querétaro
Estadio BBVA Bancomer Estadio Morelos Estadio Victoria Estadio Hidalgo Estadio Cuauhtémoc Estadio Corregidora
Capacity: 53,500 Capacity: 34,795 Capacity: 23,851 Capacity: 27,512 Capacity: 51,726 Capacity: 33,162
Estadio BBVA Bancomer Inauguration.jpg Estadio Morelos.jpg Estadio Victoria (Aguascalientes).jpg Estadio Hidalgo Huracan.jpg Rampa norte.jpg Estadio la Corregidora.JPG
Santos Laguna Tijuana Toluca UANL UNAM Veracruz
Estadio Corona Estadio Caliente Estadio Nemesio Díez Estadio Universitario Estadio Olímpico Universitario Estadio Luis "Pirata" Fuente
Capacity: 29,237 Capacity: 27,333 Capacity: 31,000 Capacity: 41,886 Capacity: 48,297 Capacity: 28,703
Estadio Corona at Torreón.jpg Xolos estadio caliente.jpg Diablos 05.jpg Estadio Universitario UANL.jpg Estadio Olimpico Universitario CU.jpg Vista panorámica del interior del estadio Luis Pirata Fuente.jpg
Greater Mexico City Liga MX football clubs

Personnel and kits[edit]

Team Chairman Head Coach Captain Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor(s)
América Santiago Baños Mexico Miguel Herrera Mexico Paul Aguilar Nike AT&T
Atlas Pedro Portilla Argentina Leandro Cufré Paraguay Osvaldo Martínez Adidas MoPlay
Atlético San Luis Alberto Marrero Uruguay Gustavo Matosas Spain Mario Abrante Pirma Canel's
Cruz Azul Guillermo Álvarez Cuevas Uruguay Robert Siboldi Mexico José de Jesús Corona Joma Cemento Cruz Azul
Guadalajara Amaury Vergara Mexico Luis Fernando Tena Mexico Jesús Molina Puma Caliente
Juárez Juan Carlos Talavera Mexico Gabriel Caballero Uruguay Jonathan Lacerda Carrara S-Mart
León Jesús Martínez Murguia Mexico Ignacio Ambriz Mexico Luis Montes Pirma Cementos Fortaleza
Monterrey Duilio Davino Argentina Antonio Mohamed Argentina José María Basanta Puma AT&T
Morelia Álvaro Dávila Argentina Pablo Guede Chile Rodrigo Millar Pirma Caliente
Necaxa Ernesto Tinajero Flores Mexico Guillermo Vázquez United States Ventura Alvarado Charly Rolcar
Pachuca Jesús Martínez Patiño Argentina Martín Palermo Mexico Jorge Hernández Charly Cementos Fortaleza
Puebla Manuel Jiménez García Peru Juan Reynoso Mexico Daniel Arreola Umbro AT&T
Querétaro Jaime Ordiales Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Mexico Luis Romo Puma Banco Multiva
Santos Laguna Alejandro Irarragorri Uruguay Guillermo Almada Mexico Jonathan Orozco Charly Soriana
Tijuana Jorge Hank Inzunsa Colombia Óscar Pareja Uruguay Diego Rodríguez Charly Caliente
Toluca Francisco Suinaga Argentina Ricardo La Volpe Mexico Alfredo Talavera Under Armour Banamex
UANL Miguel Ángel Garza Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Argentina Guido Pizarro Adidas Cemex
UNAM Rodrigo Ares de Parga Spain Míchel González Mexico David Cabrera Nike DHL Express
Veracruz Jorge Urdiales Mexico Enrique López Zarza Mexico Carlos Salcido Charly Winpot

Managerial changes[edit]

Team Outgoing manager Manner of
departure
Date of vacancy Replaced by Date of appointment Position
in table
Ref.
Pre-Apertura changes
Veracruz Uruguay Robert Siboldi Resigned 15 April 2019 Mexico Enrique Meza 4 June 2019 Preseason [2]
UNAM Argentina Bruno Marioni Sacked 16 May 2019 Spain Míchel González 16 May 2019 [3]
Apertura
Puebla Mexico José Luis Sánchez Solá Sacked 17 August 2019 Mexico Octavio Becerril (Interim) 17 August 2019 19th [4]
Morelia Argentina Javier Torrente Sacked 18 August 2019 Mexico Esteve Padilla (Interim) 18 August 2019 15th [5]
Morelia Mexico Esteve Padilla End of tenure as caretaker 23 August 2019 Argentina Pablo Guede 21 August 2019[note 1] 15th [7][8]
Puebla Mexico Octavio Becerril End of tenure as caretaker 24 August 2019 Peru Juan Reynoso 23 August 2019 18th [9]
Veracruz Mexico Enrique Meza Resigned 28 August 2019 Mexico José González (Interim) 29 August 2019 19th [10][11]
Cruz Azul Portugal Pedro Caixinha Mutual agreement 2 September 2019 Mexico Joaquín Moreno (Interim) 2 September 2019 11th [12]
Atlético San Luis Mexico Alfonso Sosa Sacked 4 September 2019 Uruguay Gustavo Matosas 9 September 2019 10th [13][14]
Veracruz Mexico José González (Interim) End of tenure as caretaker 4 September 2019 Mexico Enrique López Zarza 4 September 2019 19th [15]
Cruz Azul Mexico Joaquín Moreno (Interim) End of tenure as caretaker 6 September 2019 Uruguay Robert Siboldi 6 September 2019 11th [16]
Guadalajara Mexico Tomás Boy Sacked 26 September 2019 Mexico Luis Fernando Tena 26 September 2019 15th [17] [18]
Monterrrey  Uruguay Diego Alonso Sacked 30 September 2019 Mexico José Treviño (Interim) 1 October 2019 12th [19][20]
Monterrrey  Mexico José Treviño (Interim) End of tenure as caretaker 9 October 2019 Argentina Antonio Mohamed 9 October 2019 14th [21]

Torneo Apertura[edit]

The Apertura 2019 season is scheduled to begin on 19 July 2019 and end on 15 December 2019. The defending champions are Tigres UANL, having won their seventh title.

Regular Season[edit]

Standings[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification or relegation
1 Santos Laguna 13 8 2 3 30 19 +11 26 Advance to Liguilla[a]
2 Necaxa 14 7 4 3 28 18 +10 25
3 Querétaro 13 7 3 3 23 14 +9 24
4 León 13 6 5 2 28 18 +10 23
5 UANL 13 6 5 2 22 12 +10 23
6 América 14 5 7 2 23 20 +3 22
7 Atlas 14 6 3 5 17 15 +2 21
8 Morelia 13 6 1 6 18 17 +1 19
9 Pachuca 13 5 3 5 26 20 +6 18
10 UNAM 13 5 3 5 14 12 +2 18
11 Tijuana 13 5 3 5 22 27 −5 18
12 Monterrey 14 5 2 7 17 20 −3 17
13 Atlético San Luis 13 5 2 6 17 21 −4 17
14 Cruz Azul 14 3 7 4 19 19 0 16
15 Juárez 13 4 2 7 10 16 −6 14
16 Guadalajara 14 3 4 7 17 22 −5 13
17 Toluca 13 3 4 6 11 16 −5 13
18 Puebla 13 3 4 6 14 24 −10 13
19 Veracruz[b] 13 0 4 9 8 34 −26 4 Team is last in Relegation table
Updated to match(es) played on 21 October 2019. Source: Liga MX
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Goal difference; 3) Number of goals scored; 4) Head-to-head results between tied teams; 5) Number of goals scored away; 6) Highest relegation coefficient; 7) Fair Play points
Notes:
  1. ^ The first 8 places in the table qualify for the Liguilla. The last ranked team in the relegation table can qualify for the liguilla in the Apertura tournament.
  2. ^ Team is last in the relegation table.

Positions by Round[edit]

Leader and qualification to liguilla
Qualification to liguilla
Last place in table
Team ╲ Round12345678910111213141516171819
Santos Laguna11113122†311121
Necaxa10157119564142212
Querétaro772213112†34633
León46812†10677523454
UANL2854444568†9765
América35332233455346
Atlas836571096101111997
Morelia141813131515151386611†138
Pachuca15131716131112141512857†9
UNAM6248571199910†8810
Tijuana549712†13812141513101011
Monterrey131712969581177121412
Atlético San Luis181011†151414131071012131113
Cruz Azul9111510881011131314141214
Juárez121914141617†1816161617181815
Guadalajara199106111214†15121415171716
Toluca1714181817161618181716151517†
Puebla1616†161718181717171818161618
Veracruz11†121919191919191919191919191919
Updated to match(es) played on 21 October 2019. Source: Liga MX
Notes: † indicates team rested that round

Results[edit]

Teams play every other team once (either at home or away), with one team resting each round, completing a total of 19 rounds.

Home \ Away AME ATL ASL CAZ GUA JUA LEO MON MOR NEC PAC PUE QUE SAN TIJ TOL UNL UNM VER
América 4–1 4–2 1–0 1–1 2–2 3–1 1–1
Atlas 3–0 1–3 1–0 2–0 1–2 0–1 1–1
Atlético San Luis 1–0 1–1 0–2[a] 2–3 2–3 1–1 0–2
Cruz Azul 5–2 1–1 2–0 1–1 2–3 1–1 1–1
Guadalajara 1–0 3–0 1–2 2–4 2–0 1–1
Juárez 1–1 1–2 1–0 0–2 2–0 2–0
León 0–0 1–1 4–3 3–1 2–2 1–1
Monterrey 1–1 3–2 0–2 3–2 2–0 0–2 2–0
Morelia 0–1 1–0 0–1 2–3 2–0 1–0
Necaxa 2–2 0–0 0–0 2–4 3–0 3–2 1–1 7–0
Pachuca 3–1 0–2 2–0 0–1 1–3 1–2 4–1
Puebla 0–1 1–3 1–1 2–1 2–1 0–4 1–3
Querétaro 3–0 0–4 2–1 1–2 2–1 1–1
Santos Laguna 3–0 3–0 2–1 2–2 4–1 4–1 5–0
Tijuana 2–2 3–2 3–2 1–1 1–1 1–0
Toluca 0–1 3–1 0–2 1–1 0–2 2–0
UANL 1–1 1–1 4–2 3–1 0–1 4–0
UNAM 1–1 1–2 2–0 2–1 2–1 0–1 2–0
Veracruz 1–2 1–2 0–0 3–3 a 0–5 1–1 1–3
Updated to match(es) played on 21 October 2019. Source: Liga MX
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.
Notes:
  1. ^ Match was suspended after fans invaded the pitch due to violent clashes in the stands.

Regular Season statistics[edit]

Hat-tricks[edit]

Player For Against Result Date
France André-Pierre Gignac UANL Necaxa 3–1 10 August 2019
Argentina Ismael Sosa León Necaxa 4–2 21 September 2019
Paraguay Sebastián Ferreira Morelia Cruz Azul 3–2 19 October 2019

Attendance[edit]

Per team[edit]

Pos Team Total High Low Average Change
1 UANL 246,284 41,589 38,638 41,047 −0.6%
2 Monterrey 264,438 44,972 33,060 37,777 −11.1%
3 América 235,622 63,908 19,771 33,660 +31.9%
4 Guadalajara 197,501 39,313 22,781 32,917 +8.7%
5 Atlas 198,733 40,700 17,633 28,390 +3.6%
6 Tijuana 158,198 26,933 24,133 26,366 +11.3%
7 León 148,676 26,632 21,434 24,779 +12.9%
8 Santos Laguna 159,033 26,572 18,622 22,719 +0.5%
9 UNAM 156,115 30,458 16,203 22,302 +3.1%
10 Atlético San Luis 148,646 25,187 15,751 21,235 +51.5%1
11 Querétaro 127,942 29,329 16,975 21,324 +38.7%
12 Pachuca 146,880 26,003 16,884 20,983 +1.5%
13 Cruz Azul 143,762 30,568 11,867 20,537 +14.8%
14 Morelia 121,501 26,019 15,185 20,250 −1.7%
15 Juárez 112,362 19,704 17,797 18,727 +242.2%1
16 Puebla 115,609 27,611 12,544 16,729 −13.5%
17 Toluca 95,101 25,744 12,533 15,850 −11.1%
18 Necaxa 123,247 23,851 10,688 15,406 −6.1%
19 Veracruz 82,562 18,940 7,322 11,795 −15.6%
League total 2,982,212 63,908 7,322 23,668 +4.4%

Updated to games played on 21 October 2019
Source: Liga MX
Notes:
Only regular season listed
1: Team played in Ascenso MX last season.


Highest and lowest[edit]

Highest attendance Lowest attendance
Week Home Score Away Attendance Home Score Away Attendance
1 UANL 4–2 Morelia 41,580 Toluca 0–2 Querétaro 13,015
2 Guadalajara 2–0 UANL 39,313 Veracruz 3–3 Pachuca 14,620
3 Monterrey 3–2 León 37,058 Necaxa 7–0 Veracruz 12,846
4 UANL 3–1 Necaxa 41,553 Cruz Azul 2–0 Juárez 12,469
5 Monterrey 2–0 Toluca 39,783 Puebla 0–4 Pachuca 14,524
6 UANL 1–1 América 41,589 Veracruz 1–2 Atlético San Luis 9,670
7[a] Monterrey 2–0 UNAM 35,662 Veracruz 0–5 Querétaro 7,322
8 UANL 1–1 León 41,498 Necaxa 3–2 Tijuana 11,861
9 América 1–1 UNAM 38,317 Puebla 1–3 Atlético San Luis 14,735
10 Monterrey 3–2 Puebla 33,060 Necaxa 2–4 León 17,757
11[a] UANL 0–1 Puebla 38,638 Cruz Azul 1–1 Monterrey 12,412
12 América 4–1 Guadalajara 63,908 Veracruz 1–1 Toluca 8,698
13 UANL 4–0 Santos Laguna 41,426 Toluca 1–1 Puebla 12,533
14 Monterrey 1–1 Guadalajara 38,217 Veracruz 1–3 UANL 7,838
15
16[a]
17
18
19

Source: Liga MX

  1. ^ a b c Round scheduled for midweek.


Torneo Clausura[edit]

The Clausura 2020 season is scheduled to begin in January 2020.

Relegation table[edit]

Pos
Team '17 A
Pts
'18 C
Pts
'18 A
Pts
'19 C
Pts
'19 A
Pts
'20 C
Pts
Total
Pts
Total
Pld
Avg
GD
Relegation
1 UANL 32 28 29 37 23 0 149 81 1.8395 +10
2 América 30 29 33 29 22 0 143 82 1.7439 +3
3 Monterrey 37 29 30 30 17 0 143 82 1.7439 –1
4 León 26 22 18 41 23 0 130 81 1.6049 +10
5 Cruz Azul 27 22 36 30 16 0 131 82 1.5976 0
6 Toluca 29 36 26 25 13 0 129 81 1.5926 –5
7 Santos Laguna 18 29 30 22 26 0 125 81 1.5432 +11
8 Necaxa 24 22 14 29 25 0 114 82 1.3902 +10
9 Pachuca 19 23 24 28 18 0 112 81 1.3827 +6
10 Morelia 29 24 25 13 19 0 110 81 1.3580 +1
11 Tijuana 21 25 17 28 18 0 109 81 1.3457 –5
12 Atlético San Luis Ascenso MX 17 0 17 13 1.3077 –4
13 UNAM 13 24 30 17 18 0 102 81 1.2593 +2
14 Puebla 16 23 19 24 13 0 97 81 1.1975 –10
15 Querétaro 16 18 26 11 24 0 95 81 1.1728 +9
16 Juárez[b] 0[a] 0[a] 19 20 14 0 53 46 1.1522 –6
17 Atlas 25 18 11 19 21 0 94 82 1.1463 +2
18 Guadalajara 18 15 20 18 13 0 84 81 1.0370 –5
19 Veracruz[c] 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 13 0.3077 –26 Relegated to Ascenso MX

Last update: 20 October 2019
Rules for relegation: 1) Relegation coefficient; 2) Goal difference; 3) Number of goals scored; 4) Head-to-head results between tied teams; 5) Number of goals scored away; 6) Fair Play points
R = Relegated.
Source: Liga MX

  1. ^ 2017–18 accumulated points are not counted towards their relegation coefficient.[22]:16[23]
  2. ^ 2017–18 and 2018–19 points were accumulated as Lobos BUAP.
  3. ^ 2017–18 and 2018–19 points are not counted towards their relegation coefficient.

Aggregate table[edit]

The aggregate table (the sum of points of both the Apertura and Clausura tournaments) will be used to determine the participants of the 2020 Leagues Cup.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification or relegation
1 Santos Laguna 13 8 2 3 30 19 +11 26 2020 Leagues Cup
2 Necaxa 14 7 4 3 28 18 +10 25
3 Querétaro 13 7 3 3 23 14 +9 24
4 León 13 6 5 2 28 18 +10 23
5 UANL 13 6 5 2 22 12 +10 23
6 América 14 5 7 2 23 20 +3 22
7 Atlas 14 6 3 5 17 15 +2 21
8 Morelia 13 6 1 6 18 17 +1 19
9 Pachuca 13 5 3 5 26 20 +6 18
10 UNAM 13 5 3 5 14 12 +2 18
11 Tijuana 13 5 3 5 22 27 −5 18
12 Monterrey 14 5 2 7 17 20 −3 17
13 Atlético San Luis 13 5 2 6 17 21 −4 17
14 Cruz Azul 14 3 7 4 19 19 0 16
15 Juárez 13 4 2 7 10 16 −6 14
16 Guadalajara 13 3 4 6 17 22 −5 13
17 Toluca 13 3 4 6 11 16 −5 13
18 Puebla 13 3 4 6 14 24 −10 13
19 Veracruz[a] 13 0 4 9 8 34 −26 4 Relegated to Ascenso MX
Updated to match(es) played on 21 October 2019. Source: Liga MX
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Goal difference; 3) Number of goals scored; 4) Head-to-head results between tied teams; 5) Number of goals scored away; 6) Highest relegation coefficient; 7) Fair Play points
Notes:
  1. ^ Team is last in the relegation table.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although appointed on 21 August 2018, Guede would not immediately take charge. Due to paperwork, his first match was delayed to 27 August 2019 vs Atlético San Luis.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FC Juarez buys Lobos BUAP, takes spot in Liga MX". June 11, 2019.
  2. ^ "Enrique Meza, nuevo director técnico de Veracruz". Milenio Diario (in Spanish). 4 June 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Míchel ya firmó por dos años con Pumas". Goal (in Spanish). 16 May 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  4. ^ "CHELÍS ES CESADO COMO DIRECTOR TÉCNICO DEL PUEBLA". Diario Récord (in Spanish). 17 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Cinco cosas que debes saber de la Jornada 6 del Apertura 2019". Diario Récord (in Spanish). 18 August 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Pablo Guede no descarta repetir cábalas en Morelia como lo hizo en Colo Colo"" (in Spanish). 21 August 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Javier Torrente, cesado del banquillo de los Monarcas". ESPN (in Spanish). 18 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  8. ^ "¡Oficial! Morelia presentó a Pablo Guede como nuevo director técnico". mediotiempo.com/ (in Spanish). 21 August 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  9. ^ "¡Oficial! Juan Reynoso fue confirmado como director técnico del Puebla". mediotiempo.com/ (in Spanish). 23 August 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Meza leaves Veracruz on 33-game winless run". ESPN. 28 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  11. ^ "José Luis González -China llegaría al banquillo del Veracruz". Esto (in Spanish). 28 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  12. ^ "PEDRO CAIXINHA DEJÓ DE SER ENTRENADOR DE CRUZ AZUL". Récord (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Alfonso Sosa deja la dirección técnica del San Luis". Milenio (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Presentan a Gustavo Matosas como nuevo DT del ADSL". El Sol de San Luis (in Spanish). Organización Editorial Mexicana. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Oficial: Enrique López Zarza fue presentado como nuevo DT del Veracruz". mediotiempo.com (in Spanish). 4 September 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  16. ^ Bucley, Thomas (6 September 2019). "Cruz Azul has new coach, front office in disarray". Viva Liga MX. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Chivas despide a Tomás Bot". El Informador (in Spanish). 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Luis Fernando Tena, nuevo técnico de Chivas". El Informador (in Spanish). 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Cae otro técnico". ESTO (in Spanish). Organización Editorial Mexicana. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Rayados pone a Pepe Treviño como interino". Fútbol Total (in Spanish). 1 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Rayados confirmó a Antonio Mohamed como su nuevo DT". Goal (in Spanish). 10 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Reglamento de Competencia 2018-19" [Competition Regulation 2018-19] (PDF). ascensomx.net (in Spanish). Ascenso MX. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Por reglamento, Lobos inició el Apertura 2018 como recién ascendido" [By regulation, Lobos began the Apertura 2018 as a newly promoted team] (in Spanish). 23 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.

External links[edit]