COVID-19 pandemic in North America
|COVID-19 pandemic in North America|
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|Index case||Snohomish County, Washington, United States|
|Arrival date||21 January 2020|
(1 year, 3 months and 2 days ago)
|Part of a series on the|
The first cases of the COVID-19 pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 in North America were reported in the United States in January 2020. Cases were reported in all North American countries after Saint Kitts and Nevis confirmed a case on 25 March, and in all North American territories after Bonaire confirmed a case on 16 April.
On 26 March 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest number of confirmed COVID-19 infections, with over 82,000 cases. On 11 April 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest official death toll for COVID-19, with over 20,000 deaths. As of 21 November 2020 the total cases of COVID-19 are over 13,942,964 with over 383,084 total deaths.
As of 18 February 2021, Canada has reported 834,182 cases and 21,435 deaths, while Mexico has reported 2,013,563 cases and 177,061 deaths. The most cases by state is California with 3,492,045 cases and 47,916 deaths as of 18 February 2021.
Pandemic by country/region
|Puerto Rico||46,923||39,214||no data|||
|Trinidad and Tobago||8,441||146||7,775|||
|United States Virgin Islands||2,945||26||98|||
|Turks and Caicos Islands||2,344||17||2,279|||
|Collectivity of Saint Martin||1,693||12||1,399|||
|Antigua and Barbuda||141||4||130|||
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||85||0||79|||
|British Virgin Islands||71||1||70|||
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||44||0||44|||
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||16||0||12|||
Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.
Antigua and Barbuda
As of 13 January 2021, the Bahamas reported 8,004 total cases, 1,498 active cases, and 175 deaths. This comes out to 443 deaths per one million population.
British Overseas Territories
On 17 December 2020, Mercer University pre-med student Skylar Mack, 18, from United States, and her boyfriend Vanjae Ramgeet, 24, of the Cayman Islands, were sentenced to four months in prison for her violating the island's mandatory two-week quarantine two days after arriving from the United States, and for his aiding and abetting her. The sentence was later reduced to two months.
The territory's first case was confirmed on 17 March. Schools have been closed and public gatherings banned as a precautionary measure. By 15 May, all cases had fully recovered. On 10 July, a 12th case was discovered.
Turks and Caicos Islands
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands on 23 March 2020. On 12 May, the last two cases recovered. There are currently no active cases, because one person left the country. On 20 June, a new case was discovered.
British Virgin Islands
On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.
As of April 12, 2021, Canada reported 1,078,579 total cases, and 23,331 deaths. This represents 2862.52 cases and 61.91 deaths per 100,000 persons.
A public health emergency was declared in the province on March 17. On March 18, BC Public Safety Minister Mike Farnworth declared a province-wide state of emergency. Several municipalities in the Metro Vancouver Regional District have declared local states of emergency, including Vancouver, New Westminster, Delta, Surrey, and Richmond.
Newfoundland And Labrador
On March 14, a presumptive case was announced in the province. By March 25, the number of cases had risen to 67, 44 of them associated with an outbreak at a funeral home, which occurred between March 15 and 17.
On July 3, the province joined three other provinces to create an Atlantic Bubble, allowing free travel amongst the member provinces and restricting access to travellers from outside provinces. On August 17, 2020, pursuant to section 28 of the Public Health Protection and Promotion Act, Chief Medical Officer Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, announced that non-medical masks will be mandatory for people in indoor public spaces, starting August 24.
Until November 6, 2020, Nunavut remained the only province or territory in Canada, and the only place in North America, that had not yet recorded a confirmed case of COVID-19, with two early presumptive cases later ruled to be false positives, and clusters of cases at mines in September and October involving employees flown in from outside of the territory.
On November 6, 2020, Nunavut recorded its first confirmed case of COVID-19 in-territory. By mid-November, evidence of community transmission began to emerge, prompting the territory to reimplement restrictions in the affected communities. Nunavut's Chief Medical Officer Michael Patterson announced on November 16 that a territory-wide restriction period would take effect on November 18, reinstating the closure of schools and all non-essential businesses for at least two weeks.
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The COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Canada was announced on January 25, 2020, involving a traveler who had recently returned to Toronto from travel in China, including Wuhan. As of November 10, 2020, Ontario has the second-largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases among Canada's provinces and territories, behind only Quebec
With increasing transmission province-wide, a state of emergency was declared by Premier Doug Ford on March 17, 2020, including the gradual implementation of restrictions on gatherings and commerce. On April 3, the province released modelling projecting that over the full course of the pandemic with no mitigation measures 100,000 deaths would have occurred, and with the then-current measures 3,000 to 15,000 deaths would occur. Projections for test-confirmed cases by April 30 were 12,500 (best case scenario), 80,000 (expected case scenario), and 300,000 (worst-case scenario).
From late spring to early summer, the majority of the deaths were residents of long-term care homes. In late April, one out of five of all long-term care homes in Ontario had an outbreak and 70% to 80% of all COVID-19 deaths had been in retirement and long-term care homes. Following medical assistance and observation by the Canadian Armed Forces, the military released a report detailing "a number of medical, professional and technical issues" amongst 'for-profit' long-term-care homes including neglect and lack of equipment and allegations of elder abuse.
From May through August, the province instituted a three-stage plan to lift economic restrictions, subject to the employment of social distancing and other guidelines, and continued restrictions on the sizes of gatherings. A plan was implemented for the return-to-class of public schools, involving more than 2 million children.
On January 14, 2021 Ontario entered a second state of emergency. The state of emergency included a stay at home order where residents were instructed to stay home. Exceptions for the stay at home order included leaving the home for food, healthcare, exercise or work.
Prince Edward Island
On March 20, 2020, the government of Yukon advised stopping all non-essential travel. On March 22, after its first case, the government limited non-essential travel out of the territory or into remote communities to protect Yukon's most vulnerable citizens. On April 17, minister of community services John Streicker signed the Ministerial Order, which allowed enforcement officers to deny entry to non-essential travellers. All schools are currently closed.
On March 22, 2020, Premier Sandy Silver and the Chief Medical Officer, Brendan Hanley, announced that Yukon had its first cases of COVID-19 in Yukon, a couple who had attended a convention in the United States and then returned home to Whitehorse. On October 30, 2020, the territory reported its first COVID-19 death, who was a resident of Watson Lake.
San Andrés and Providencia
Infections went up fourfold in January and February 2021. Cuba's death toll of 324 is well under the world average per capita, but health authorities worry that it is increasing. The government says two of its four vaccines should begin final trials in late March.
This section needs to be updated.October 2020)(
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Greenland – an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of Denmark – in March 2020. There have been 11 confirmed cases, but none in need of hospitalization. The last infected person had recovered on 8 April and there are no known active cases in Greenland. As of 19 April, there have been no new infections in Greenland for two weeks.
As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens. They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of March 16, as well as all large-scale public gatherings. On 29 May, all cases recovered. On 29 June, two more cases had been discovered.
The 2020 coronavirus pandemic was documented for the first time in Curaçao on 13 March 2020. The case was a 68-year-old man who was on vacation from the Netherlands. By 9 July, all cases recovered. On 15 July, a new case was discovered. On 6 August, all cases resolved.
As of 18 March there has been one confirmed case in Sint Maarten. Schools have been shut for a period of two weeks. By 15 June, all cases recovered. On 1 July, a new case was discovered, which resolved 3 July. On 15 July, a 79th case was discovered.
On 16 April 2020, Edison Rijna, Island Governor of Bonaire announced the first case of COVID-19 on the island. The island was already closed to international travel. On 28 April 2020, all cases had recovered. On 14 July, two new cases had been discovered.
On 12 April, the first case was confirmed in Saba. Schools, bars and 'non essential services' are all currently shut. On 12 May, all cases on Saba recovered. On 1 August, two new cases were discovered.
Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation. According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports, as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy. As of 5 April, St. Pierre and Miquelon recorded its first verified case.
Region of Guadeloupe
Region of Martinique
Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Barthélemy on 1 March 2020. The last positive case was on 31 March. On 21 April, the last case recovered. Between 18 and 24 July, a new case was imported.
Collectivity of Saint Martin
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.
On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.
28-year-old nursing student Keyla Patricia Martínez was arrested in La Esperanza, Intibucá Department and was murdered by choking while in police custody. Her death was originally called a suicide, but following protests it was reclassified as homicide.
The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation. In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.
On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany, and Spain.
Confirmed cases doubled in the first two months of 2021, and the death toll stood at 422 on March 1. All beds dedicated to COVID-19 isolation were full as of February 26. Jamaica will receive a vaccine donation from India of 50,000 vaccine doses on March 4, 124,800 doses via COVAX later in March, and 1.8 million from the African Medical Supply Platform in April.
On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection. Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact.
Mexico began vaccinating health workers in Mexico City and Coahuila on 24 December. Vaccinations were expanded to 879 hospitals in all 32 federal entities on 13 January 2021. As of this date Mexico reported 1,556,028 confirmed cases (13th highest in the world), 251,992 active cases, and 135,682 deaths. This is 1,046 deaths per one million inhabitants.
An ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was shown to have spread to Nicaragua when the first case, a Nicaraguan citizen who had returned to the country from Panama, was confirmed on 18 March 2020.
Puerto Rico (United States)
As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases. On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia on 13 March 2020. On 22 April 2020, it was announced that all confirmed cases had recovered. On 28 April 2020, two new cases were discovered.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and Grenadines registered its first COVID-19 death in 2021 and by March 1 had eight fatal victims.
Trinidad and Tobago
On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.
On 20 January, the United States confirmed its first case, of a 35-year-old man who had returned on 15 January to the state of Washington after visiting family in Wuhan, China. The man sought clinical assistance on 19 January.
By 11 March, the U.S. had tested fewer than 10,000 people. By the end of the month, over 1,000,000 people had been tested. However, health experts stated that this level of testing was still inadequate.
On 26 March, the United States surpassed China and Italy as the country with the most confirmed COVID-19 cases, with a figure above 82,000. The U.S. federal government's health inspectors surveyed 323 hospitals in late March; reporting "severe shortages" of test supplies, "widespread shortages" of personal protective equipment (PPE), and other strained resources due to extended patient stays while awaiting test results.
On 11 April, the United States surpassed Italy as the country with the most confirmed COVID-19 deaths, with a total of over 20,000. The U.S. also became the first to record 2,000 deaths in a single day. Wyoming became the 50th state to be issued a disaster declaration.
By 20 April, the federal government stated it was conducting 150,000 tests per day, and claimed that this number would be enough to allow for schools and businesses to reopen. Health experts estimate that 500,000 to 1,000,000 tests per day would be needed to properly track the spread of the COVID-19, to avoid a new wave of infections.
On 1 October it was announced first that Hope Hicks had tested positive, and a few hours later it was announced that both President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania had tested positive for COVID-19, who were all part of the broader White House COVID-19 outbreak. Both Trumps recovered from the disease.
On 9 November, the U.S. surpassed 10 million COVID-19 cases, according to data from John Hopkins.
On 11 December, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized for the emergency use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Following the issuing, it was estimated that 20,000,000 could be vaccinated over the course of a few weeks.
As of 17 February 2021, the U.S. has recorded more than 27 million cases of COVID-19. 483,000 have died.
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Alaska on March 12, 2020.
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Ohio on March 9, 2020, when the state's first cases were reported. The first death from COVID-19 in Ohio was reported on March 19. Subsequently, records supported by further testing showed that undetected cases had existed in Ohio since early January, with the first confirmed death on March 17. By April 23, Ohio had 656 confirmed deaths; by May 1, there were 1002 confirmed deaths. Accurate data was difficult to obtain due to limited test availability. By December 12, a total of 553,461 cases had been reported leading to 31,803 hospitalizations and 7,477 deaths.
The first confirmed case relating to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States was announced by the state of Washington on January 21, 2020. Washington made the first announcement of a death from the disease in the U.S. on February 29 and later announced that two deaths there on February 26 were also due to COVID-19. Until mid-March, Washington had the highest absolute number of confirmed cases and the highest number per capita of any state in the country,until it was surpassed by New York state on April 10, 2020. Many of the deceased were residents of a nursing home in Kirkland, an Eastside suburb of Seattle in King County.
- History of smallpox in Mexico
- Cocoliztli epidemics Mexico, 1545–1548 and 1576–1580
- 1633 Massachusetts smallpox epidemic
- 1775–1782 North American smallpox epidemic
- 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic
- 1837 Great Plains smallpox epidemic
- 1847 North American typhus epidemic
- 1889-90 flu pandemic
- 1918 Spanish flu pandemic
- 1924 Los Angeles pneumonic plague outbreak
- 1968 flu pandemic
- 1972 London flu
- Mumps outbreaks in the 21st century
- 2009 flu pandemic
- 2010s Haiti cholera outbreak
- 2013–2014 chikungunya outbreak
- 2015–2016 Zika virus epidemic
- 2017-18 United States flu season
- 2019–2020 dengue fever epidemic
- 2019–2020 United States flu season
- COVID-19 pandemic on cruise ships
- 2020 in the Caribbean
- 2020 in Central America
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