Liga MX

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Liga MX
Liga MX.svg
Country Mexico
Confederation CONCACAF
Founded 17 October 1943
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Ascenso MX
Domestic cup(s) Copa MX
Supercopa MX
Campeón de Campeones
International cup(s) CONCACAF Champions League
Copa Libertadores
Current champions Santos Laguna (5th title)
(Clausura 2015)
Most championships América
(12 titles)
TV partners Televisa[1]
TV Azteca[2]
ESPN
Fox Sports
Website www.ligamx.net
2015–16 Liga MX season

The Liga MX (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈliɣa ˈeme ˈekis]) is the top level of the Mexican football league system. It is currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, and thus officially known as Liga BBVA Bancomer.[3]

Each season the league holds two tournaments; the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2012, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year (two tournaments) based upon their performance in the league over the previous three years. The top eight teams in the table at the end of the regular phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla ("mini-league", or "playoff"). Up until June 2011, the league was divided into three groups. The group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format.

Club América have won the league a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara with 11 championships, Toluca with 10, and Cruz Azul with 8 championships and Club Leon with 7 championships.

The Clásico Nacional, also known as Clásico de Clásicos, is disputed between clubs América and Guadalajara, the Clásico Tapatío between Guadalajara and Atlas, the Clásico Regiomontano between Monterrey and UANL, the Clásico Capitalino between América and UNAM and Clásico Joven between América and Cruz Azul.

The league is generally considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, the league currently ranks 13th worldwide[4] and was ranked as the 10th strongest league in the first decade of the 21st Century (2001–2010).[5]

History[edit]

Amateur era[edit]

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams near and around Mexico City, was considered the national competition. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Veracruzana, Liga Occidental of Jalisco and Liga del Bajío that also had notable clubs. Many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the local amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was finally established in 1943.[6]

Professional era[edit]

When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación (F.M.F.) announced the formation of the nation's first professional league, many clubs petitioned to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor (Major League). The first members of the league were founded by six clubs of the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two members from the Liga Veracruzana managed by Eduardo Escoto.

Founding members[edit]

Club Asturias in 1927.
Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Real España, and Marte.
Liga Occidental De Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz : Orizaba, Veracruz and Moctezuma.

Reformation[edit]

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many small clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the lack of international competition by Mexican clubs and an unrewarding league format. Like many South American and European clubs, Mexican clubs that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in prestigious international tournaments, such as the Copa Libertadores.

The Mexican league boom[edit]

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale. The season following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion. This was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings.

The playoff, called the Liguilla in Mexico, was played in different ways to get finalists to play two games that determine the champion. The regular way was by direct elimination rounds using the top eight teams of the table or, when groups existed, the top two teams of each group (along with the best performing third place teams). During some sessions, the best third placed teams were allowed to play a match against the lowest two second places in a repechaje in a chance to be promoted to the playoffs. This was eliminated as long as the calendar was modified to fit with the international compromises of both teams and Mexico National Team members.

Another way practiced to define finalists was by doing two groups of four teams and making them play round robin games in home/away stadiums so they can complete six games, with the top team in the group advancing to the Finals. This was used for a very short period of time as teams found out they did not have enough fight for three or four games.

The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the table, as talented teams that had not performed well in the regular season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs (Cruz Azul in the 70s, América in the 80s and Toluca in the 2000s).

Corporate structure[edit]

Competition format[edit]

Regular season tournaments[edit]

From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a similar two-tournament schedule called invierno (winter) and verano (summer) but in 2002 to the 2010–2011 season they divided the 18 teams into three groups of six, called group one, group two, and group three. They remained in their respective groups throughout the two tournaments played that season. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and away series over both tournaments. The top two teams from each group and the two best third place teams qualified to reach the liguilla.

Liga MX is a single table of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments resulting in two champions per season. The season opens with the apertura tournament (opening tournament- running from July to December) followed by the clausura (closing - running from January to May). This format matches other Latin American schedules and correspond with FIFA's world footballing calendar, which "opens" in July/August and "closes" in April/May of the next year. Each team plays a different team each week, accruing points for wins and ties over the 17 week tournament. Based on these points, the top eight teams reach the liguilla phase of the respective tournament where a new champion is crowned.

Playoffs (liguilla)[edit]

The liguilla (Spanish for "little league") is the playoff phase of the tournament. This phase starts with eight qualifying teams and is played in the "tie" format in two-leg aggregate-score, similar to the quarterfinals and semifinals of the UEFA Champions League. The Elimination bracket goes from an 8 team quarterfinal, to a 4 team semifinal, and a final. The Champion team is awarded the First division trophy, and the runner up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy as well. Each player receives a medal respective to their team's placement. The birth of La liguilla in 1970, modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were now better able to compete and generate profits.

Relegation[edit]

At the end of a season, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the next lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that division is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegated team. Currently, the relegated team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played ratio for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons (six tournaments). The team with the lowest ratio is relegated. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their promotion are considered (two or four tournaments). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the winner of a two-leg match between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted.

CONCACAF Champions League Qualification[edit]

Each year, four teams from Liga MX qualify for the CONCACAF Champions League, the premier North American club competition. Generally, the Apertura and Clausura champions and the Apertura and Clausura runners-up qualify, and are placed in Pot 3. Should one or more teams reach the finals of both tournaments, Liga MX has implemented a formula for ensuring that both pots have one team that qualifies via the Apertura and one team that qualifies via the Clausura:[7]

  • If the same two teams qualify for the finals of both tournaments, those two teams will qualify along with the non-finalists with the best record in both the Apertura and Clausura.
  • If the same team wins both the Apertura and the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura champions is passed to the Clausura runners-up and the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Clausura. This occurred most recently in the 2013–14 season (2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League) when León (2013 Apertura and 2014 Clausura champions) and Pachuca (2014 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot A, while América (2013 Apertura runners-up) and Cruz Azul (non-finalists with the best record in the 2014 Clausura) were placed in Pot B (at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura runners-up win the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Apertura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Apertura. This occurred most recently in the 2011–12 season (2012–13 CONCACAF Champions League) when UANL (2011 Apertura champions) and Santos Laguna (2011 Apertura runners-up and 2012 Clausura champions) were placed in Pot A, while Guadalajara (non-finalists with the best record in the 2011 Apertura) and Monterrey (2012 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot B (again, at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).

Copa Libertadores Qualification[edit]

Each season, three Liga MX teams qualify for the Copa Libertadores, the premier club tournament for CONMEBOL (the South American football federation). The two teams with the best record in the Apertura excluding any team participating in that season's CONCACAF Champions League qualify for the second stage of the tournament. The Supercopa MX champions qualify for the first stage. Should the Supercopa MX champions qualify via the Apertura, the third best eligible team in the Apertura will qualify instead. If the Supercopa MX champions are ineligible due to their participation in the CONCACAF Champions League, the Supercopa MX runners-up will qualify in their place.

Sponsorship[edit]

BBVA Bancomer was named the league's official sponsor in 2013.

The league's current sponsor is BBVA Bancomer, thus making the league's official name Liga BBVA Bancomer. The official match ball is manufactured by Voit.

Finances[edit]

Media coverage[edit]

In theory, all First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. What this means in practice is that the league is effectively divided between teams broadcast on Televisa, TV Azteca, Fox Sports, ESPN in México, and ESPN Deportes, Telemundo, and Univision in the United States. ESPN also own English broadcast rights in the United States. In previous years, when a team got relegated, the team that got promoted could only negotiate with the company that had the television rights of the team that got relegated. This agreement was cancelled in 2012 by the Liga MX when the promotion of Club León caused a television rights dispute with Televisa.[8] Currently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other online media sites,[9] and in the USA by Telemundo.

Telelatino and Fox Sports World hold broadcasting rights in Canada; Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America. Additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TDN hold exclusive broadcasting rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most important ones are broadcast live on the national networks.

Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown primarily on Gala TV, though Saturday games played by Televisa's club America, are broadcast on Televisa's flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. However, a blackout policy is usually applied in selected markets where affiliates are forced to air alternate programming during the matches, Sunday noon and afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by TV Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13; Friday's matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (known in Mexico as Fecha Doble or Double Date) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the rest of the matches air on Sky Sports and TDN.

A recent rule, in effect since 2011, requires teams to play the final game of every season on Sunday during prime time, regardless of whether the team used to play local games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television audience during the game.

In the United States, Univision holds the rights to the home games of Club America, Chivas de Guadalajara, Pumas, Cruz Azul, Veracruz, Leones Negros, Atlas, Monterrey, Tigres, Jaguares FC, and Toluca. Azteca America has the home games of Santos, Puebla, Querétaro, Morelia, and Tijuana. Telemundo has Pachuca and Club León home games. Selected Club Leon matches are also broadcast in English on ESPN.

Criticisms[edit]

Clubs[edit]

The following 18 clubs will compete in Liga MX during the 2015–16 season.

Club Position in
2014–15
First season in
top division
Seasons
in top division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Seasons
in Liga MX
Top division
titles
Last top
division title
América 2nd 1943–44 92 1943–44 92 12
Atlas 3rd 1943–44 89 1979–80 55 1
Chiapas 8th 2002–03 25 2002–03 25 0
Cruz Azul 10th 1964–65 71 1964–65 71 8
Guadalajara 14th 1943–44 92 1943–44 92 11
León 15th 1944–45 68 2012–13 5 7
Monterrey 5th 1945–46 77 1960–61 75 4
Morelia 18th 1957–58 64 1981–82 53 1
Pachuca 6th 1967–68 43 1998–99 33 5
Puebla 16th 1944–45 72 2007–08 15 2
Querétaro 9th 1990–91 21 2009–10 11 0
Santos Laguna 7th 1988–89 45 1988–89 45 5
Sinaloa 7th in the Ascenso MX 2004-05 5 2015–16 1 0
Tijuana 12th 2011–12 7 2011–12 7 1
Toluca 4th 1953–54 82 1953–54 82 10
UANL 1st 1974–75 58 1997–98 35 3
UNAM 11th 1962–63 73 1962–63 73 7
Veracruz 13th 1943–44 52 2013–14 3 2

Stadiums and locations[edit]

Club Location Stadium Stadium capacity
América Mexico City Azteca 92,000[10]
Atlas Guadalajara, Jalisco Jalisco 54,500[10]
Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas Víctor Manuel Reyna 28,900
Cruz Azul Mexico City Azul 34,199
Guadalajara Guadalajara, Jalisco Omnilife 45,174[11]
León León, Guanajuato León 28,759[12]
Monterrey Monterrey, Nuevo León BBVA Bancomer 51,000
Morelia Morelia, Michoacán Morelos 34,952[13]
Pachuca Pachuca, Hidalgo Hidalgo 27,512
Puebla Puebla, Puebla Cuauhtémoc 41,217[14]
Querétaro Querétaro, Querétaro Corregidora 33,758[15]
Santos Laguna Torreón, Coahuila Corona 29,327[16]
Sinaloa Culiacán, Sinaloa Banorte 20,017
Tijuana Tijuana, Baja California Caliente 27,333[17]
Toluca Toluca, Estado de México Nemesio Díez 22,659
UANL San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León Universitario 40,800[18]
UNAM Mexico City Olímpico Universitario 52,000[19]
Veracruz Veracruz, Veracruz Luis "Pirata" Fuente 28,997

Managers[edit]

The current managers in Liga MX are:

Name Club Appointed
Brazil Ferretti, RicardoRicardo Ferretti UANL 20 May 2010
Portugal Caixinha, PedroPedro Caixinha Santos Laguna 20 November 2012
Paraguay Cardozo, JoséJosé Cardozo Toluca 7 May 2013
Mexico Vázquez, GuillermoGuillermo Vázquez UNAM 20 August 2014
Mexico de la Torre, José ManuelJosé Manuel de la Torre Guadalajara 8 October 2014
Argentina Bustos, CarlosCarlos Bustos Sinaloa 11 November 2014
Chile Reinoso, CarlosCarlos Reinoso Veracruz 20 November 2014
Spain Pizzi, Juan AntonioJuan Antonio Pizzi León 3 December 2014
Uruguay Alonso, DiegoDiego Alonso Pachuca 5 December 2014
Argentina Mohamed, AntonioAntonio Mohamed Monterrey 16 February 2015
Mexico Vucetich, Víctor ManuelVíctor Manuel Vucetich Querétaro 23 February 2015
Mexico Meza, EnriqueEnrique Meza Morelia 21 May 2015
Mexico Ambríz, IgnacioIgnacio Ambríz América 26 May 2015
Argentina Romano, Rubén OmarRubén Omar Romano Tijuana 28 May 2015
Argentina La Volpe, RicardoRicardo La Volpe Chiapas 28 May 2015
Uruguay Matosas, GustavoGustavo Matosas Atlas 30 May 2015
Argentina Marini, PabloPablo Marini Puebla 30 May 2015
Mexico Bueno, SergioSergio Bueno Cruz Azul 1 June 2015

Players[edit]

Rank Player Appearances
1 Mexico Oswaldo Sánchez 725
2 Mexico Benjamín Galindo 700
3 Mexico Óscar Pérez 650
4 Chile Rodrigo Ruiz 638
5 Mexico Adolfo Ríos 635
6 Mexico Miguel España 631
7 Mexico Juan Pablo Rodríguez 615
8 Mexico Alfonso Sosa 610
9 Mexico Cristóbal Ortega 608
10 Mexico Israel López 604
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Appearances[edit]

Foreign players and transfer regulations[edit]

Wages and transfers records[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

Rank Nat Name Years Goals Apps Ratio
1 Brazil Evanivaldo Castro 1974–1987 312 429 0.73
2 Mexico Carlos Hermosillo 1984–2001 294 539 0.55
3 Mexico Jared Borgetti 1994–2010 252 475 0.53
4 Paraguay José Cardozo 1994–2005 249 332 0.75
5 Mexico Horacio Casarín 1936–1957 238 326 0.73
6 Chile Osvaldo Castro 1971–1984 214 398 0.54
7 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves 1986-2003 209 577 0.36
8 Mexico Adalberto López 1942–1955 201 231 0.87
9 Brazil Carlos Eloir Perucci 1972–1984 199 398 0.5
10 Mexico Sergio Lira 1978–1996 191 564 0.34

Italics denotes players still playing professional football,
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Awards[edit]

Trophy[edit]

The Liga MX trophy

Player and manager awards[edit]

Amateur Era (1902–1943)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up
1902–03 Orizaba Scotland Duncan Macomish Reforma
1903–04 Mexico Cricket Club France Claude M. Butlin Reforma
1904–05 Pachuca England Charles Grenfell British Club
1905–06 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Mexico Cricket Club
1906–07 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British Club
1907–08 British Club England Percy Clifford Mexico Cricket Club
1908–09 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1909–10 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Popo Park
1910–11 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1911–12 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British Club
1912–13 México FC Mexico Antonio Sierra Reforma
1913–14 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Rovers
1914–15 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1915–16 Club España Spain Francisco Arias México FC
1916–17 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1917–18 Pachuca England William Penguely Club España
1918–19 Club España Spain Francisco Arias Centro Union
1919–20 Club España (N) Spain Francisco Arias Tigres Mexico
Pachuca (M) England Alfred C. Crowle
1920–21 Club España (N) Spain Francisco Arias
Germania (M) Germany Richard Obert México FC
1921–22 Club España Asturias
1922–23 Asturias Scotland Gerald Brown Germania
1923–24 Club España Spain Francisco Arias América
1924–25 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Necaxa
1925–26 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Asturias
1926–27 América England Percy Clifford Club España
1927–28 América England Percy Clifford Asturias
1928–29 Marte Mexico Servando Vargas Club España
1929–30 Club España Hungary Emérico Pozsonyi América
1930–31 No Championship Held
1931–32 Atlante Necaxa
1932–33 Necaxa Austria Ernst Pauler Leonés
1933–34 Club España Asturias
1934–35 Necaxa Austria Ernst Pauler Club España
1935–36 Club España América
1936–37 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Atlante
1937–38 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Asturias
1938–39 Asturias Euzkadi
1939–40 Club España Necaxa
1940–41 Atlante Club España
1941–42 Club España Atlante
1942–43 Marte Atlante

(N) - Liga Nacional
(M) - Liga Mexicana

Primera División – league system champions (1943–1970)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up
1943–44 Asturias Austria Ernst Pauler Club España
1944–45 Club España Costa Rica Rodolfo Muñoz Puebla
1945–46 Veracruz Argentina Enrique Palomini Atlante
1946–47 Atlante Hungary Luis Grocz León
1947–48 León Argentina José María Casullo Oro
1948–49 León Argentina José María Casullo Atlas
1949–50 Veracruz Spain Juan Luque Atlante
1950–51 Atlas Argentina Eduardo Valdatti Atlante
1951–52 León Spain Antonio López Herranz Guadalajara
1952–53 Tampico Madero Spain Joaquín Urquiaga Zacatepec
1953–54 Marte Mexico Ignacio Trelles Oro
1954–55 Zacatepec Mexico Ignacio Trelles Guadalajara
1955–56 León Spain Antonio López Herranz Oro
1956–57 Guadalajara Uruguay Donaldo Ross Toluca
1957–58 Zacatepec Mexico Ignacio Trelles Toluca
1958–59 Guadalajara Hungary Árpád Fekete León
1959–60 Guadalajara Hungary Árpád Fekete América
1960–61 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Oro
1961–62 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre América
1962–63 Oro Hungary Árpád Fekete Guadalajara
1963–64 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre América
1964–65 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Oro
1965–66 América Uruguay Roberto Scarone Atlas
1966–67 Toluca Mexico Ignacio Trelles América
1967–68 Toluca Mexico Ignacio Trelles UNAM
1968–69 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Guadalajara
1969–70 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Cruz Azul
México '70 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Guadalajara

Primera División – liguilla system champions (1970–1996)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up Reg Season most points*
1970–71 América Mexico José Antonio Roca Toluca América (91 pts)
1971–72 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas América Cruz Azul (51 pts)
1972–73 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas León Cruz Azul (46 pts)
1973–74 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Atlético Español Cruz Azul (49 pts)
1974–75 Toluca Uruguay Ricardo de León León León (51 pts)
1975–76 América Mexico Raúl Cárdenas U. de G. América (53 pts)
1976–77 UNAM Hungary Jorge Marik U. de G. UNAM (50 pts)**
1977–78 Tigres UANL Uruguay Carlos Miloc UNAM América (51 pts)
1978–79 Cruz Azul Mexico Ignacio Trelles UNAM Cruz Azul (51 pts)
1979–80 Cruz Azul Mexico Ignacio Trelles Tigres UANL América (57 pts)
1980–81 UNAM Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Milutinović Cruz Azul Tecos (51 pts)
1981–82 Tigres UANL Uruguay Carlos Miloc Atlante Atlante (53 pts)
1982–83 Puebla Mexico Manuel Lapuente Guadalajara América (61 pts)
1983–84 América Chile Carlos Reinoso Guadalajara América (51 pts)
1984–85 América Argentina Miguel Ángel López UNAM UNAM (55 pts)
PRODE 85 América Argentina Miguel Ángel López Tampico Madero
México '86 Monterrey Mexico Francisco Avilán Tampico Madero
1986–87 Guadalajara Mexico Alberto Guerra Cruz Azul Guadalajara (55 pts)
1987–88 América Brazil Jorge Vieira UNAM América (55 pts)
1988–89 América Brazil Jorge Vieira Cruz Azul Puebla (53 pts)
1989–90 Puebla Mexico Manuel Lapuente U. de G. América (48 pts)
1990–91 UNAM Mexico Miguel Mejía Barón América UNAM (55 pts)
1991–92 León Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Puebla Atlante (50 pts)
1992–93 Atlante Argentina Ricardo La Volpe Monterrey Necaxa (54 pts)
1993–94 Tecos Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Santos Laguna Tecos (51 pts)
1994–95 Necaxa Mexico Manuel Lapuente Cruz Azul Guadalajara (52 pts)
1995–96 Necaxa Mexico Manuel Lapuente Atlético Celaya Cruz Azul (56 pts)
  • **Decided on goal difference

Primera División – liguilla and short tournament champions (1996–present)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up Reg Season Full Year *
Invierno 1996 Santos Laguna Mexico Alfredo Tena Necaxa
Verano 1997 Guadalajara Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Neza Atlante (66 pts)
Invierno 1997 Cruz Azul Mexico Luis Fernando Tena León
Verano 1998 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Necaxa Cruz Azul (61 pts)
Invierno 1998 Necaxa Mexico Raúl Arias Guadalajara
Verano 1999 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Atlas Toluca (75 pts)
Invierno 1999 Pachuca Mexico Javier Aguirre Cruz Azul
Verano 2000 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Santos Laguna Toluca (72 pts)
Invierno 2000 Morelia Mexico Luis Fernando Tena Toluca
Verano 2001 Santos Laguna Mexico Fernando Quirarte Pachuca Cruz Azul (55 pts)
Invierno 2001 Pachuca Mexico Alfredo Tena Tigres UANL
Verano 2002 América Mexico Manuel Lapuente Necaxa Toluca (67 pts)
Apertura 2002 Toluca Argentina Alberto Jorge Morelia
Clausura 2003 Monterrey Argentina Daniel Passarella Morelia Toluca (74 pts)
Apertura 2003 Pachuca Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Tigres UANL
Clausura 2004 UNAM Mexico Hugo Sánchez Guadalajara UNAM (79 pts)
Apertura 2004 UNAM Mexico Hugo Sánchez Monterrey
Clausura 2005 América Mexico Mario Carrillo Tecos Morelia (57 pts)
Apertura 2005 Toluca Argentina Américo Gallego Monterrey
Clausura 2006 Pachuca Mexico José Luis Trejo San Luis Cruz Azul (60 pts)
Apertura 2006 Guadalajara Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Toluca
Clausura 2007 Pachuca Mexico Enrique Meza América Pachuca (65 pts)
Apertura 2007 Atlante Mexico José Guadalupe Cruz UNAM
Clausura 2008 Santos Laguna Mexico Daniel Guzmán Cruz Azul Santos Laguna (69 pts)
Apertura 2008 Toluca Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Cruz Azul
Clausura 2009 UNAM Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Pachuca Toluca (63 pts)
Apertura 2009 Monterrey Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Cruz Azul
Bicentenario 2010 Toluca Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Santos Laguna Monterrey (66 pts)
Apertura 2010 Monterrey Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Santos Laguna
Clausura 2011 UNAM Mexico Guillermo Vázquez Morelia Cruz Azul (65 pts)
Apertura 2011 Tigres UANL Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Santos Laguna
Clausura 2012 Santos Laguna Mexico Benjamín Galindo Monterrey Santos Laguna (63 pts)
Apertura 2012 Tijuana Argentina Antonio Mohamed Toluca
Clausura 2013 América Mexico Miguel Herrera Cruz Azul América (63 pts)
Apertura 2013 León Argentina Gustavo Matosas América
Clausura 2014 León Argentina Gustavo Matosas Pachuca Cruz Azul (68 pts)
Apertura 2014 América Argentina Antonio Mohamed Tigres UANL
Clausura 2015 Santos Laguna Portugal Pedro Caixinha Querétaro F.C. Tigres UANL (60 pts)
  • * Not Official / Recognized Title

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
América 12 8 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, PRODE 85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014
Guadalajara 11 9 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1969–70, 1986–87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006
Toluca 10 6 1966–67, 1967–68, 1974–75, Verano 1998, Verano 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, Bicentenario 2010
Cruz Azul 8 10 1968–69, México '70, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, Invierno 1997
UNAM 7 6 1976–77, 1980–81, 1990–91, Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Clausura 2009, Clausura 2011
León 7 5 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1991–92, Apertura 2013, Clausura 2014
Santos Laguna 5 5 Invierno 1996, Verano 2001, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012, Clausura 2015
Pachuca 5 3 Invierno 1999, Invierno 2001, Apertura 2003, Clausura 2006, Clausura 2007
Monterrey 4 4 México '86, Clausura 2003, Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010
UANL 3 4 1977–78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011
Atlante 3 4 1946–47, 1992–93, Apertura 2007
Necaxa 3 3 1994–95, 1995–96, Invierno 1998
Puebla 2 2 1982–83, 1989–90
Zacatepec 2 1 1954–55, 1957–58
Veracruz 2 0 1945–46, 1949–50
Oro ††† 1 5 1962–63
Morelia 1 3 Invierno 2000
Atlas 1 3 1950–51
Tampico Madero †† 1 2 1952–53
Estudiantes †† 1 1 1993–94
Club España †††† 1 1 1944–45
Tijuana 1 0 Apertura 2012
Asturias ††† 1 0 1943–44
Marte †††† 1 0 1953–54
UDG 0 3
Querétaro F.C. 0 1
Toros Neza †† 0 1
Atlético Celaya †††† 0 1
Atlético Español †††† 0 1
San Luis †††† 0 1

† Teams in the Ascenso MX
†† Teams in the Second Division
††† Teams in Amateur Levels
†††† Defunct

Promotion and relegation[edit]

Relegation and Promotion by Club
Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 5 (1961–62, 1965–66, 1976–77, 1982–83, 1984–85)
San Luis 4 (1970–71, 1975–76, 2001–02, 2004–05) 3 (1973–74, 1988–89, 2002–03)
Querétaro 4 (México '86, 1989–90, 2005–06, 2009–10) 3 (1993–94, 2006–07, 2012–13*)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98) 3 (1972–73, 1992–93, 1996–97)
Irapuato 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999–00*, 2002–03) 2 (1971–72, 1990–91)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79) 3 (1953–54, 1970–71, 1977–78)
Puebla 3 (1969–70, 1998–99, 2006–07) 2 (1998–99, 2004–05)
Curtidores 2 (1982–83, 1998–99*) 2 (1980–81, 1983–84)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02) 4 (1951–52, 1978–79, 1997–98, 2007–08)
Zamora 2 (1954–55, 1956–57) 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Tampico 2 (1964–65, 1972–73) 2 (1966–67, 1974–75)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91) 3 (1975–76, 1989–90, 2013–14)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56,1959–60) 1 (1956–57)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81) 1 (1967–68)
Tigres UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97) 1 (1995–96)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12) 2 (1986–87, 2001–02)
Sinaloa 2 (2004-05, 2014-15) 1 (2005-06)
La Piedad 2 (2000–01, 2012–13*) -
Necaxa 1 (2009–10) 2 (2008–09, 2010–11)
Correcaminos 1 (1986–87) 1 (1994–95)
Indios 1 (2007–08) 1 (2009–10)
Neza 1 (1988–89) 1 (1999–00)
Tecos 1 (1974–75) 1 (2011–12)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11) -
UDG 1 (2013-2014) (2014-2015)
Oro - 1(1979–80)

Notes:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ includes Canal 5, Canal de las Estrellas, Gala TV, SKY México, Univision and TDN
  2. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Trece
  3. ^ (Spanish) "Liga mx patrocinio". cnnexpansion..com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  4. ^ "The strongest National League in the World 2012:". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  5. ^ "The strongest Leagues in the World in the first Decade of 21st Century (2001-2010)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Historia del futbol en México". Femexfut. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  7. ^ "América, Monterrey y Chivas podrían ir a la ConcaChampions sin llegar a la final". vavel.com. 5 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "Carlos Slim And Multi-Ownership In Mexico". businessofsoccer.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Fox Sports adquiere los derechos de transmisión del Club Mexicano León F.C.
  10. ^ a b "Stadiums in Mexico". stadiumdb.com. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ficha Chivas". Terra.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Estadio Club León". clubleon-fc.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Estadio Morelos". fuerzamonarca.com/. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Estadio Cuauhtémoc". puebla-fc.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "HISTORIA ESTADIO CORREGIDORA". clubqueretaro.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Stadium Official Website". territoriosantosmodelo.com.mx. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  17. ^ "ESTADIO CALIENTE - XOLOITZCUINTLES TERRITORY". xolosofficial.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "Estadio Universitario". tigres.com.mx. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Estadio Olímpico". clubpumasunam.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 

External links[edit]