Liga MX

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Liga MX
Organising bodyMexican Football Federation
Founded1943; 81 years ago (1943), as Primera División
CountryMexico
ConfederationCONCACAF
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid1
Domestic cup(s)
International cup(s)
Current championsAmérica
(14th title)
(Apertura 2023)
Most championshipsAmérica
(14 titles)
Most appearancesÓscar Pérez (745)
Top goalscorerEvanivaldo Castro (312)
TV partnersDomestic
Claro[1]
ESPN[2]
Fox Sports[3]
Televisa[4]
TV Azteca[5]
International
OneFootball (Selected matches in selected markets outside of Mexico)
Websitewww.ligamx.net
Current: Clausura 2024

The Liga MX, officially known as the Liga BBVA MX for sponsorship reasons,[6] is the top professional football division in Mexico. Formerly known as the Primera División de México (Mexican First Division), it is contested by 18 clubs and is divided into two tournaments – "Apertura" and "Clausura"– which typically run from July to December (the former) and January to May (the latter). The champion of each tournament is decided via a playoff ("Liguilla") system. Since 2020, promotion and relegation has been suspended, which is to last until 2026.

The league currently ranks first in CONCACAF's league ranking index.[7] According to the IFFHS, the Liga MX was ranked as the 10th strongest league in the first decade of the 21st century.[8] According to CONCACAF, the league – with an average attendance of 25,557 during the 2014–15 season – draws the largest crowds on average of any football league in the Americas and the third largest crowds of any professional sports league in North America, behind only the National Football League and Major League Baseball. It is also the fourth most attended football league in the world behind Germany's Bundesliga, England's Premier League and Spain's La Liga.[9] The Liga MX ranks second in terms of television viewership in the United States, behind the English Premier League.[10]

Club América have won the league a record of 14 times,[11] followed by Guadalajara with 12 titles.[11] In all, twenty-four teams have won the Primera División/Liga MX title at least once.[11]

History[edit]

Amateur era[edit]

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams near and around Mexico City, was regarded as the then national competition although there were other regional leagues, such as in Veracruz, Liga Amateur de Puebla the Jalisco and the Liga Amateur del Bajío that had talented clubs. Many club owners were keen to remain amateur although they paid players under the table. The increasing interest in football would not thwart a unified professional football system in Mexico. The professional national league was established in 1943.[12]

Professional era[edit]

The Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación (F.M.F.) announcement of the nation's first professional league brought interest from many clubs to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor (Major League). The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two from the Liga Veracruzana.

Founding members[edit]

Club Asturias in 1927.
Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Veracruz, Necaxa, and Marte.
Liga Occidental de Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz: ADO and Moctezuma.

Reformation[edit]

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many small clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the lack of international competition by Mexico's clubs and an unrewarding league format. Consequently, teams from Mexico that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in the overarching continental competitions, such as the Copa Libertadores.

The Mexican league boom[edit]

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale. The season following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion. This was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings.

The play-off, called the Liguilla, was played using various formats to determine the champion. The most common format was a straight knock-out between the top eight teams in the table. At other times the league was divided into groups with the top two in each group, often as well as the best 3rd placed teams, qualifying for the play-offs and in some seasons the play-offs themselves involved teams playing in groups with the group winners playing off for the title. The format was changed from season to season to accommodate international club commitments and the schedule of the Mexico national team.

The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the table, as talented teams that had not performed well in the regular season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs (Cruz Azul in the 1970s, América in the 1980s, and Toluca in the 2000s).

Liga MX[edit]

Prior to the start of the 2012–13 season, the organization Liga MX / Ascenso MX was created to replace the Mexican Football Federation as the organizing body of the competition. The league also announced a rebranding, with the introduction of a new logo.[13]

On 20 August 2018, it was announced that Liga MX would begin testing the use of video assistant referee technology.[14] The initial test run will be conducted during under-20 matches played inside senior league stadiums, with live testing across senior Liga MX matches to take place during weeks 13 and 14 of the Apertura tournament. The league will, however, still need final approval from FIFA to fully implement the technology.[15]

Competition format[edit]

Regular season tournaments[edit]

Liga MX Trophy

Liga MX uses a single table of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments (Apertura & Clausura) resulting in two champions per season. The season opens with the apertura tournament (opening tournament- running from July to December) followed by the clausura (closing – running from January to May). This format matches other Latin American schedules and corresponds with FIFA's world footballing calendar, which "opens" in July/August and "closes" in April/May of the next year. The top 12 teams advance to the liguilla for each tournament, with the top 4 teams in the table at the end of the regular phase of the tournament qualifying directly to the liguilla, and the next 8 teams qualifying for the play-in round that determines the next 4 liguilla spots. If one team is in last place in the league's relegation table (see below), that team is replaced by the team that finished 13th in the tournament.

From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a two-tournament schedule with invierno (winter) and verano (summer) tournaments. From 2002 to 2011 the 18 teams were divided into three groups of six with the top two teams from each group and the two best third place teams qualified for the liguilla. The teams played in the same group for each tournament. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and away series over both tournaments.

Playoffs (liguilla)[edit]

The liguilla (Spanish for "little league") is the play-off phase of the tournament. This phase starts with the qualifying round, with teams ranked 5–12 playing a single match hosted by the higher seed with the winner decided on the night. After this round, the four teams that have won the round, advance to the quarterfinals against the 4 bye teams with the winner on aggregate-score progressing. The Champion team is awarded the First division trophy, and the runner up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy. The birth of La liguilla in 1970 modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were now better able to compete and generate profits.

Relegation[edit]

Originally at the end of a season, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the next lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that division is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegated team. Currently, the relegated team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played ratio for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons (six tournaments). The team with the lowest ratio is relegated; if the team that is in last place in the relegation table is among the 12 teams qualifying for the Liguilla at the end of the Clausura tournament, the 13th place team qualifies for the Liguilla instead. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their promotion are considered (two or four tournaments). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the winner of a two-leg match between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted.

Prior to the start of the 2017–18 season, the rules for relegation and promotion changed: if a team wins promotion but does not meet certain Liga MX requirements (e.g. stadium infrastructure and a youth team) the relegated Liga MX team of that season will be obligated to pay the prize money to the Ascenso MX team (MXN$120 million) for winning the promotion playoff, which should be utilized to fulfill necessary requirements for promotion within the next season, and remain in Ascenso MX,[16] and the relegated Liga MX team will remain in the first division. However, if the relegated Liga MX team cannot distribute the prize money to the promoted Ascenso MX team, both teams will lose their right to play in Liga MX and must play in Ascenso MX the following season.[17]

As of the 2018–19 season, only six teams met the full requirements to be promoted to Liga MX, those teams being Atlético San Luis, Atlante, Celaya, Juárez, Sinaloa, and UdeG.[18]

On April 16, 2020, the Ascenso MX, the 2nd division of the Mexican football league system, was folded due to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic as well as the lack of financial resources. Liga MX President Enrique Bonilla later announced during a video meeting with the club owners of the league that promotion and relegation would be suspended for six years.[19][20] During the suspension, the Ascenso MX was replaced with the Liga de Expansión MX although no club from that league will be promoted to the Liga MX nor any Liga MX team that performs poorly will be relegated from the Liga MX for the time being.[21]

CONCACAF Champions Cup qualification[edit]

Each year, at least six teams from Liga MX qualify for the CONCACAF Champions Cup, the premier North American club competition; Liga MX itself is guaranteed six spots while teams from the league can earn three more spots via the Leagues Cup with MLS for a maximum of nine spots. Generally, the Apertura and Clausura winners and runners-up, as well as the next best two teams in the aggregate table, qualify, with the higher ranking champion from the Apertura and Clausura tournaments earning a bye to the Round of 16. Liga MX would implement a formula for ensuring that the Apertura and Clausura had two qualifying teams should one or more teams reach the finals of both tournaments, devised when Liga MX sent 4 teams to North America's top club competition:[22]

  • If the same two teams qualified for the finals of both tournaments, those two teams will qualify along with the non-finalists with the best record in both the Apertura and Clausura.
  • If the same team wins both the Apertura and the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura champions is passed to the Clausura runners-up and the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Clausura. This occurred most recently in the 2021–22 season (2023 CONCACAF Champions League) when Atlas (2021 Apertura and 2022 Clausura champions), Pachuca (2022 Clausura runners-up) and León (2021 Apertura runners-up) were placed in Pot 1, while UANL (non-finalists with the best record in the 2022 Clausura) were placed in Pot 2 (at the time, the pot placings were determined via the CONCACAF Club Index, which ranked the performance of certain spots within the last 5 years). As of the 2022–23 season, the team that wins both the Apertura and Clausura also automatically qualifies for the Round of 16.
  • If the Apertura runners-up win the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Apertura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Apertura. This occurred most recently in the 2011–12 season (2012–13 CONCACAF Champions League) when UANL (2011 Apertura champions) and Santos Laguna (2011 Apertura runners-up and 2012 Clausura champions) were placed in Pot A, while Guadalajara (non-finalists with the best record in the 2011 Apertura) and Monterrey (2012 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot B (at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura champions are runners-up of the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Clausura. This has not happened since Liga MX began using this qualification procedure.

With Liga MX sending a minimum of six teams to the Champions Cup (Again, Liga MX can send a maximum of nine teams if three Liga MX teams all hold the top three spots in Leagues Cup), these rules still generally apply, although if a team qualifies for the Champions Cup via Liga MX and the Leagues Cup, the spot is given to the next best team in the aggregate table. If a team is the highest ranked tournament champion and also wins the Leagues Cup for that same cycle, both the Apertura and Clausura champions qualify for the Round of 16.

Previous Qualification Tournaments[edit]

Clubs and champions[edit]

2023–24 season[edit]

The following 18 clubs will compete in the Liga MX during the 2023–24 season.

Team Position in
2022–23
First season in
top division
Seasons
in top
division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Consecutive
Seasons
in Liga MX
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
América 2 1943–44 108 1943–44 108 14 Apertura 2023
Atlas 12 1943–44 105 1979–80 71 3 Clausura 2022
Atlético San Luis 11 2019–20 7 2019–20 7 0 -
Cruz Azul 9 1964–65 87 1964–65 87 9 Guardianes 2021
Guadalajara 5 1943–44 108 1943–44 108 12 Clausura 2017
Juárez 13 2019–20 7 2019–20 7 0 -
León 7 1944–45 84 2012–13 21 8 Guardianes 2020
Mazatlán 18 2020–21 5 2020–21 5 0 -
Monterrey 1 1945–46 93 1960–61 91 5 Apertura 2019
Necaxa 14 1951–52 78 2016–17 13 3 Invierno 1998
Pachuca 3 1967–68 59 1998–99 49 7 Apertura 2022
Puebla 10 1944–45 88 2007–08 31 2 1989–90
Querétaro 17 1990–91 37 2009–10 27 0 -
Santos Laguna 8 1988–89 61 1988–89 61 6 Clausura 2018
Tijuana 15 2011–12 23 2011–12 23 1 Apertura 2012
Toluca 4 1953–54 98 1953–54 98 10 Bicentenario 2010
UANL 6 1974–75 74 1997–98 51 8 Clausura 2023
UNAM 16 1962–63 89 1962–63 89 7 Clausura 2011

Champions[edit]

Bold indicates clubs currently playing in Liga MX.

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
América 14 10 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, Prode '85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014, Apertura 2018, Apertura 2023
Guadalajara 12 10 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1969–70, 1986–87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006, Clausura 2017
Toluca 10 8 1966–67, 1967–68, 1974–75, Verano 1998, Verano 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, Bicentenario 2010
Cruz Azul 9 11 1968–69, Mexico '70, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, Invierno 1997, Guardianes 2021
León 8 7 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1991–92, Apertura 2013, Clausura 2014, Guardianes 2020
UANL 8 6 1977–78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011, Apertura 2015, Apertura 2016, Apertura 2017, Clausura 2019, Clausura 2023
UNAM 7 8 1976–77, 1980–81, 1990–91, Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Clausura 2009, Clausura 2011
Pachuca 7 3 Invierno 1999, Invierno 2001, Apertura 2003, Clausura 2006, Clausura 2007, Clausura 2016, Apertura 2022
Santos Laguna 6 5 Invierno 1996, Verano 2001, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012, Clausura 2015, Clausura 2018
Monterrey 5 6 Mexico '86, Clausura 2003, Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010, Apertura 2019
Atlante 3 4 1946–47, 1992–93, Apertura 2007
Necaxa 3 3 1994–95, 1995–96, Invierno 1998
Atlas 3 3 1950–51, Apertura 2021, Clausura 2022
Puebla 2 2 1982–83, 1989–90
Zacatepec 2 1 1954–55, 1957–58
Veracruz 2 0 1945–46, 1949–50
Oro 1 5 1962–63
Morelia 1 3 Invierno 2000
Tampico 1 2 1952–53
Tecos 1 1 1993–94
Real España 1 1 1944–45
Tijuana 1 0 Apertura 2012
Asturias 1 0 1943–44
Marte 1 0 1953–54

Stadiums and locations[edit]

Location of the 2022–23 Liga MX teams in Greater Mexico City
Club Location Stadium Capacity Ref
América Mexico City Azteca 87,523 [23]
Atlas Guadalajara Jalisco 56,713 [24]
Atlético San Luis San Luis Potosí City Alfonso Lastras 25,111
Cruz Azul Mexico City Estadio Ciudad de los Deportes 33,000 [23]
Guadalajara Zapopan Akron 45,364 [25]
Juárez Ciudad Juárez Olímpico Benito Juárez 19,703 [26]
León León León 31,297 [27]
Mazatlán Mazatlán Mazatlán 25,000 [28]
Monterrey Guadalupe BBVA 53,500 [29]
Necaxa Aguascalientes City Victoria 25,500 [30]
Pachuca Pachuca Hidalgo 30,000 [31]
Puebla Puebla City Cuauhtémoc 51,726 [32]
Querétaro Querétaro City Corregidora 33,162 [33]
Santos Laguna Torreón Corona 30,000 [34]
Tijuana Tijuana Caliente 27,333 [35]
Toluca Toluca Nemesio Díez 30,000 [36]
UANL San Nicolás de los Garza Universitario 42,000 [37]
UNAM Mexico City Olímpico Universitario 72,000 [38][39]

Media coverage[edit]

All First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. Televisa, TV Azteca, Imagen Televisión, Claro Sports, Fox Sports, and ESPN have broadcasting rights in México, while ESPN Deportes, Fox Deportes, Univision, and Telemundo have the rights in the United States, with FS1/FS2 airing select matches with English commentary.

In previous years, when a team was relegated, the team that was promoted could only negotiate with the company holding the television rights of the relegated team. This agreement was canceled by Liga MX in 2012 when the promotion of Club León caused a television rights dispute with Televisa.[40] Currently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other online media sites, and in the United States by Univision (Telemundo from 2013–16).[41]

Telelatino and Fox Sports World formerly hold broadcasting rights in Canada. From 2019–20 until 2021–22, OneSoccer broadcast the league for Canada viewers.[42][43]

Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America.

Additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TUDN hold exclusive broadcasting rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most important ones are broadcast live on the national networks. The coverage also available for Central America viewers.

Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown primarily on Gala TV, though Saturday games played by Televisa's club America, are broadcast on Televisa's flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. However, a blackout policy is usually applied in selected markets where affiliates are forced to air alternate programming during the matches, Sunday noon and afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by TV Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13; Friday's matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (known in Mexico as Fecha Doble or Double Date) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the rest of the matches air on Sky Sports and TDN.

A recent rule, in effect since 2011, requires teams to play the final game of every season on Sunday during prime time, regardless of whether the team used to play local games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television audience during the game. This also prevents most playoff collusion, where one or both teams already in the liguilla put in lesser effort to lose or draw, in order to draw a more favorable opponent.

For the Apertura 2016, and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators. Instead, they were exclusively shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's Televisa Deportes Network (TDN) and Chivas TV.

On February 13, 2017, it was announced Univision Deportes would live stream 46 games in English on Facebook in the United States.[44]

After the Clausura 2017 season, Azteca América sold the rights of the Atlas, Morelia, Tijuana, and Veracruz matches to Univision. The network then held the rights of 17 of the 18 clubs, only missing recently promoted Lobos BUAP. In September 2017, Univision began airing Lobos BUAP's home matches, thus holding the rights to all 18 Liga MX teams through the end of the Clausura 2018 season.

In July 2017, Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) announced it would show Liga MX matches involving Chilean players in Chile.[45]

In October 2017, Fox Sports announced that it acquired the long-term exclusive Spanish-language rights to Tijuana and Santos Laguna home matches in the United States, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America starting in the Apertura 2018 and Apertura 2019 respectively, thus ending Univision's monopoly.[46] The matches air on Fox Sports in the United States (via Fox Deportes) and the rest of Latin America (including Mexico and excluding Brazil).[46]

On May 26, 2018, Fox Sports announced it acquired the rights of C.F. Monterrey's home matches in the United States and Latin America.[47] The network announced the matches would be shown in the United States on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks in English.[47]

As of the Apertura 2019 season, via a sublicense agreement with Univision, ESPN Deportes airs the majority of León, Necaxa, Pachuca, Querétaro, and UANL regular season home matches in the United States. The network also airs at least one home match of nine other clubs.[48] Televisa also sublicenses one match per week to ESPN in Mexico and Central America.[49]

In Brazil, DAZN broadcast the league for two seasons 2019–20 and 2020–21.[50]

On 15 July, 2021, OneFootball announced it would broadcast between two and five live matches as part of a deal covering the 2021/22 Liga MX season in selected international markets.[51]

On 16 August, 2021, Eleven Sports announced it would broadcast the home Liga MX matches of C.D. Guadalajara for the 2021-22 season in more than 100 countries.[52]

Broadcast rights[edit]

Team Television Streaming
Mexico[53] United States[54][55][56][57] Mexico United States
América Televisa Univision Vix
Atlas Televisa[Note 5]
TV Azteca[Note 5]
Atlético San Luis ESPN Star+ Vix
Cruz Azul Televisa Vix
Guadalajara Televisa[Note 5]
TV Azteca[Note 5]
Telemundo Chivas TV[Note 1]
Vix
Peacock
Juárez Fox Sports Fox Sports[Note 2] Vix Tubi
Vix
León Claro
Fox Sports
VIX
Univision Fox Sports Premium
Claro
Vix
Vix
Mazatlán Fox Sports
TV Azteca
Vix
Monterrey Televisa
Necaxa
Pachuca Claro
Fox Sports
Claro
Fox Sports Premium
Vix
Vix
Puebla Fox Sports
TV Azteca
Vix
Querétaro Fox Sports Fox Sports Premium
Vix
Vix
Santos Laguna Televisa[Note 5]
TV Azteca[Note 5]
Fox Sports[Note 2] Vix Tubi
Vix
Tijuana Fox Sports
TV Azteca
Univision Fox Sports Premium
Vix
Vix
Toluca Televisa Vix
UANL
UNAM
  1. ^
    For the Apertura 2016 and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators, instead they exclusively were shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's TUDN and Chivas TV.
  2. ^
    Matches are shown on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks (FS1, FS2, Fox Soccer Plus) in English.
  3. ^
    Select matches air exclusively on Izzi and a select number of matches air on TV Azteca and Televisa's over-the-air networks.

Sponsorship[edit]

BBVA México is the league's current title sponsor after the 2019 rebranding of BBVA Bancomer.

Up until its rebranding in 2012, the Liga MX did not have a title sponsor. In July 2013, league president Decio de María announced BBVA Bancomer as the official sponsor, with the goal of modernizing the league's image. De María also stated that the money generated from the sponsorship would be divided among the 18 clubs and to be invested in each club's youth teams.[58] On 18 September 2015, the sponsorship deal was extended until 2019.[59] On 18 June 2019, the league was renamed as Liga BBVA MX, adopting the new identity of the sponsor.[60] On 4 July 2019, the sponsorship contract with BBVA was renewed until 2021.[61]

Since 1986, Voit has been the official match ball manufacturer. In 2014, the contract was extended for four years.[62]

Managers[edit]

The current managers in the Liga MX are:

Nat. Name Team Appointed Time as manager
Uruguay Guillermo Almada Pachuca 2 December 2021 2 years, 133 days
Argentina Mauro Gerk Querétaro 30 May 2022 1 year, 319 days
Mexico Miguel Herrera Tijuana 10 February 2023 1 year, 63 days
Uruguay Robert Siboldi UANL 10 April 2023 1 year, 3 days
Argentina Fernando Ortiz Monterrey 29 May 2023 320 days
Brazil André Jardine América 16 June 2023 302 days
Brazil Gustavo Leal Atlético San Luis 20 June 2023 298 days
Mexico Eduardo Fentanes Necaxa 5 September 2023 221 days
Spain Beñat San José Atlas 24 November 2023 141 days
Portugal Renato Paiva Toluca 1 December 2023 134 days
Argentina Gustavo Lema UNAM 12 December 2023 123 days
Argentina Fernando Gago Guadalajara 20 December 2023 115 days
Argentina Martín Anselmi Cruz Azul 20 December 2023 115 days
Uruguay Jorge Bava León 21 December 2023 114 days
Brazil Maurício Barbieri Juárez 8 February 2024 65 days
Mexico Ignacio Ambríz Santos Laguna 12 February 2024 61 days
Argentina Andrés Carevic Puebla 12 March 2024 32 days
Mexico Gilberto Adame (Interim) Mazatlán 8 April 2024 5 days

Player records[edit]

Most appearances[edit]

Rank Player Appearances
1 Mexico Óscar Pérez 741
2 Mexico Oswaldo Sánchez 725
3 Mexico Benjamín Galindo 700
4 Mexico Juan Pablo Rodríguez 685
5 Mexico Jesús Corona 670
6 Chile Rodrigo Ruiz 638
7 Mexico Adolfo Ríos 635
8 Mexico Miguel España 631
9 Mexico Alfonso Sosa 610
10 Mexico Cristóbal Ortega 609
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Most goals[edit]

Rank Nat Name Years Goals Apps Ratio
1 Brazil Evanivaldo Castro 1974–1987 312 427 0.73
2 Mexico Carlos Hermosillo 1984–2001 294 534 0.55
3 Mexico Jared Borgetti 1994–2010 252 475 0.63
4 Paraguay José Cardozo 1994–2005 249 332 0.75
5 Mexico Horacio Casarín 1936–1957 238 326 0.73
6 Chile Osvaldo Castro 1971–1984 214 398 0.54
7 Mexico Luís Roberto Alves 1986–2003 209 577 0.36
8 Mexico Adalberto López 1942–1955 201 231 0.87
9 Brazil Carlos Eloir Perucci 1972–1984 199 398 0.5
10 Mexico Sergio Lira 1978–1996 191 564 0.34
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

Relegation and Promotion by Club
Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 5 (1961–62, 1965–66, 1976–77, 1982–83, 1984–85)
Querétaro 4 (México '86, 1989–90, 2005–06, 2009–10) 3 (1993–94, 2006–07, 2012–13*)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98) 3 (1972–73, 1992–93, 1996–97)
Irapuato 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999–00*, 2002–03) 2 (1971–72, 1990–91)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79) 3 (1953–54, 1970–71, 1977–78)
San Luis 3 (1970–71, 2001–02, 2004–05) 2 (1973–74, 2002–03)
Puebla 3 (1969–70, 1998–99, 2006–07) 2 (1998–99, 2004–05)
Unión de Curtidores 2 (1982–83, 1998–99*) 2 (1980–81, 1983–84)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02) 5 (1951–52, 1978–79, 1997–98, 2007–08, 2018–19)
Real Zamora 2 (1954–55, 1956–57) 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Tampico Madero 2 (1964–65, 1972–73) 2 (1966–67, 1974–75)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91) 3 (1975–76, 1989–90, 2013–14)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56,1959–60) 1 (1956–57)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81) 1 (1967–68)
UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97*) 1 (1995–96)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12) 2 (1986–87, 2001–02)
Sinaloa 2 (2003–04, 2014–15) 2 (2005–06, 2015–16)
La Piedad 2 (2000–01, 2012–13*)
Necaxa 2 (2009–10*, 2015–16) 2 (2008–09, 2010–11)
UAT 1 (1986–87) 1 (1994–95)
Atlético Potosino 1 (1974–75) 1 (1988–89)
Indios de Ciudad Juárez 1 (2007–08) 1 (2009–10)
Toros Neza 1 (1988–89) 1 (1999–00)
Tecos 1 (1974–75) 1 (2011–12)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11)
UdeG 1 (2013–14) 1 (2014–15)
BUAP 1 (2016–17) 1 (2017–18*)
Oro 1 (1979–80)
Chiapas 1 (2016–17)
Tapachula 1 (2017–18*)
Atlético San Luis 1 (2018–19*)

Notes:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ includes Claro Sports
  2. ^ includes ESPN 2
  3. ^ includes Fox Sports 2
  4. ^ Includes Canal 5, Nueve, Las Estrellas, Sky México, TUDN and Izzi Telecom
  5. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Uno
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  10. ^ Shea, Bill (9 February 2023). "What could top the Super Bowl on U.S. TV? Soccer, aliens and not much else". The Athletic. Archived from the original on 18 March 2023. Retrieved 18 March 2023. Major League Soccer ranks third in U.S. soccer viewership after the Premier League and Mexico's top-flight Liga MX, leagues that have much longer histories.
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  12. ^ "Historia del futbol en México". Femexfut. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Liga MX at Wikimedia Commons