2S5 Giatsint-S

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2S5 Giatsint-S
152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2S5 «Giatsint-S» in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2S5 Giatsint-S in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1978 – present
Production history
Designed 1967 – 1974
Produced 1976 – 1991
Specifications
Weight 28.2 tons (61,729 lbs)
Length 8.33 m (27.32 ft)
Width 3.25 m (10.66 ft)
Height 2.76 m (9 ft)
Crew 5 (section of 7 with 2 in ammunition carrier)

Armor 15 mm (.59 in)
Main
armament
2A36 152 mm gun (5.98 in)
Secondary
armament
1x 7.62 mm machine gun
Engine Diesel
388 kW (520 hp)
Suspension torsion bar
Operational
range
500 km (311 mi)
Speed 62 km/h (38 mph)
(road)
25 km/h (15 mph)
(off-road)

The 2S5 Giatsint-S (Russian: 2С5 «Гиацинт-С»; English: hyacinth) is a Soviet/Russian 152 mm self-propelled gun. "2S5" is its GRAU designation. It is NBC protected. The 2S5 is capable of engaging targets at longer ranger and at a higher rate of fire than the more widely produced 2S3 Akatsiya 152mm self-propelled gun, and is capable of firing nuclear projectiles.

Production history[edit]

Production of the 2S5 Giatsint-S started in 1976 along with the towed version the 2A36 Giatsint-B. It uses a chassis modified from the SA-4 Krug surface-to-air missile system with good cross-country mobility, and can carry 30 152mm rounds with a range of 28 kilometers, or 33-40 kilometers for rocket-assisted projectiles. In addition to high explosives, the gun can also fire HEAT, cluster, smoke and nuclear projectiles.[1] Deploying to fire the gun takes 3 minutes, and it can sustain a rate of fire of 5 to 6 rounds per minute. Most of the crew, with the exception of the gunner, deploys outside of the vehicle while firing. It is usually accompanied by an ammunition carrier with an additional 30 rounds of ammunition.[2]

The 2S5 was introduced into service in 1978, replacing the 130mm M46 field gun battalions in Soviet artillery brigades at the Army and Front level, and has also been known as the M1981 by the United States. Production ceased in 1991.

Operational History[edit]

The 2S5 was first used in combat by the Soviet Union in Soviet-Afghan War. Later, Russian forces used it in the First Chechen War.

The 2S5 has been employed by the Ukrainian Army in the War in Donbass.[3]

Operators[edit]

Map of 2S5 operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

 Belarus
120 [4]
 Ethiopia
10 [5]
 Finland
Finnish Army, known as 152 TELAK 91. 18 units.
 Russia
    • Army: 399 units (+500 in storage)
    • Navy: 170 units (+some in storage)
 Ukraine - 24 [6]

Former operators[edit]

 Soviet Union

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2S5 Giantsint". Military-Today. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  2. ^ "2S5 152mm Self-Propelled Gun". FAS.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "2S5 Giacint-S in Ukraine ATO". For the Record. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Belarus Army Equipment
  5. ^ http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  6. ^ Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine

External links[edit]