2nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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2nd Brigade
2nd Infantry Brigade
2 (South East) Brigade
2 (South East) Brigade Badge.jpg
Insignia of 2nd (South East) Brigade.
Active 1908–2014
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Regional
Size Brigade
Part of Support Command
Garrison/HQ Shorncliffe Army Camp
Engagements World War I
* Battle of Mons
* First Battle of the Marne
* First Battle of the Aisne
* First Battle of Ypres
* Battle of Aubers Ridge
* Battle of Loos
* Battle of the Somme
* Battle of Pozières
* Battle of Passchendaele
* Battle of Épehy
World War II
* Battle of France
* Tunisia Campaign
* Italian Campaign
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Sir John Dill
Charles Hudson
Arthur Dowler
Richard Anderson

The 2nd Infantry Brigade (later 2 (South East) Brigade) was a regional brigade of the British Army, active since before the First World War. It was the regional formation of the Army in the South East of England–the Brigade commanded and administered soldiers throughout Kent, Surrey and Sussex–but also Brunei. In December 2014 the Brigade merged with 145 (South) Brigade to form Headquarters 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East.

Early history[edit]

Following the end of the Second Boer War in 1902 the army was restructured, and the 2nd Infantry Brigade was established as part of the 1st Division in the 1st Army Corps, stationed at Aldershot Garrison.[1]

First World War[edit]

Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, inspecting troops of the 1st Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment, 2nd Brigade. Near Bruay, 1 July 1918.

The brigade served with the 1st Division during World War I, from 1914 to 1918 and served throughout the war on the Western Front as part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). The brigade fought in many of the major battles of the war, first fighting at Mons where they were forced to retreat, and later the First Battle of Ypres, the Second Battle of Ypres and later the Battle of the Somme and Battle of Passchendaele, the Spring Offensive and the Hundred Days Offensive.

Order of Battle[edit]

The 2nd Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

Second World War[edit]

Troops from the 1st Battalion, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) leap from their Bren gun carriers while training at Bourghelles, 21 March 1940.

During the Second World War the 2nd Infantry Brigade saw active service in many of the major campaigns that the British Army fought in, from France with the BEF to Tunisia in North Africa and finally Italy and saw some extremely hard fighting at the Battle of Anzio where, during a German counterattack, the brigade was surrounded and nearly destroyed. In April 1943, during the fighting in Tunisia, Lieutenant Willward Alexander Sandys-Clarke of the 1st Battalion, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) was posthumously awarded the brigades' only Victoria Cross of the war.

Order of battle[edit]

The 2nd Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 2nd Infantry Brigade during the war:

Post-Second World War[edit]

In the House of Commons on 25 November 2002 the Secretary of State for Defence said that "The Brigade (along with 52 Brigade) was being re-roled from a regional brigade headquarters to provide better command and control arrangements for light infantry role battalions, all of which are currently deployable. The reorganisation of the brigade will not result in an increase in the number of deployable troops. The change will bring greater coherence to the way that light role units prepare for operations, through improved co-ordination of training".

Following broad reorganisation under the Future Army Structures, 2nd Infantry Brigade was renamed 2nd (South East) Brigade in 2007. The name was in line with its revised role as a Regional Brigade, responsible largely for Territorial Army units. The brigade became part of the United Kingdom's Support Command as the 2nd (South East) Brigade. It was not listed under the Army 2020 plan. In December 2014 the Brigade merged with 145 (South) Brigade to form Headquarters 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East.[4]

Component units before disbandment[edit]

2nd (South East) Brigade commands were:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence - The 1st Army Corps". The Times (36892). London. 7 October 1902. p. 8. 
  2. ^ "The 1st Division in 1914-1918". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "British Infantry Brigades 1st thru 215th 1939-1945" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "11th Infantry Brigade & HQ South East". British Army. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 

External links[edit]