42nd Street (musical)

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42nd Street
42ndStreetLP.jpg
Original Broadway Cast Recording Cover
MusicHarry Warren
LyricsAl Dubin
Johnny Mercer
BookMichael Stewart
Mark Bramble
Basis42nd Street
by Bradford Ropes
42nd Street
by Rian James, James Seymour, and Whitney Bolton
PremiereAugust 25, 1980
Winter Garden Theatre, New York City
Productions
  • 1980 Broadway
  • 1984 West End
  • 2001 Broadway revival
  • 2007 UK tour
  • 2007 Asia Tour
  • 2012 UK tour
  • 2015 US tour
  • 2017 West End revival
Awards

42nd Street is a musical with a book by Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble, lyrics by Al Dubin and Johnny Mercer and music by Harry Warren. The 1980 Broadway production won the Tony Award for Best Musical and became a long-running hit. The show was produced in London in 1984 (winning the Olivier Award for Best Musical) and its 2001 Broadway revival won the Tony for Best Revival.

Based on the 1932 novel by Bradford Ropes and the subsequent 1933 Hollywood film adaptation, the backstage musical show focuses on the efforts of famed dictatorial Great White Way director Julian Marsh to mount a successful stage production of a musical extravaganza at the height of the Great Depression.

The show is a jukebox musical of sorts, in that, in addition to songs from the 1933 film 42nd Street, it includes songs that Dubin and Warren wrote for many other films at around the same time, including Gold Diggers of 1933, Roman Scandals, Dames, Gold Diggers of 1935, Go into Your Dance, Gold Diggers of 1937 and The Singing Marine. It also includes "There's a Sunny Side to Every Situation", written by Warren and Johnny Mercer for Hard to Get. A 2017 revival added the song "Boulevard of Broken Dreams", written by Warren and Dubin for Moulin Rouge.

Background[edit]

Producer David Merrick "took a huge gamble with his $3 million production based on the 1933 Warner Brothers film musical", as "only one other show had made the transfer from original movie musical to the stage — Gigi, a flop in 1974."[1][2] He felt audiences once again were ready to embrace the nostalgia craze started by the successful revivals of No, No, Nanette, Irene, and his own Very Good Eddie several years earlier, and augmented the familiar songs from the film's soundtrack with a liberal dose of popular tunes from the Dubin-Warren catalog.[1] According to theater historian John Kenrick, "When the curtain slowly rose to reveal forty pairs of tap-dancing feet, the star-studded opening night audience at the Winter Garden cheered...Champion followed this number with a series of tap-infused extravaganzas larger and more polished than anything Broadway really had in the 1930s."[3]

Productions[edit]

Original Production[edit]

In June 1980, the musical premiered in out-of-town tryouts at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C.[4] The musical opened on Broadway on August 25, 1980, at the Winter Garden Theatre,[5] and then moved to the Majestic and finally to the St. James, closing on January 8, 1989, after 3,486 performances and 6 previews. The production was directed by Gower Champion. It was produced by David Merrick and featured orchestrations by Phillip J. Lang.[6] The original cast included Jerry Orbach as Julian Marsh, Tammy Grimes as Dorothy Brock, Wanda Richert as Peggy Sawyer, and Lee Roy Reams as Billy Lawlor.[5] Replacements later in the run included Barry Nelson and Don Chastain and Jamie Ross who played Julian for the last three years of its Broadway run,[7] Elizabeth Allen, Dolores Gray and Millicent Martin as Dorothy,[7] and Lisa Brown and Karen Ziemba as Peggy. (Karen Prunzik, who originated the role of Anytime Annie, briefly played the role of Peggy when Wanda Richert became ill and her understudy abruptly quit the show.)[8] The show's designers, Robin Wagner (sets), Theoni V. Aldredge (costumes), and Tharon Musser (lights) were the same team who had designed the original Broadway production of A Chorus Line.[9] The original Broadway production is the 15th longest running show in Broadway history, as of July 28, 2019.[10]

However, the opening night triumph was overshadowed by tragedy. Following a lengthy standing ovation, Merrick went onstage and stated, "This is a very tragic moment for me...I'm sorry to have to report Gower Champion died."[11][12][13] When he said that Mr. Champion had died, there were gasps and screams.[14] The producer had told only Bramble of Champion's death and managed to keep the news a secret from the cast (including Richert, the director's girlfriend), crew, and the public prior to his announcement.[2] 42nd Street proved to be not only Champion's last show but Merrick's final success. Merrick lived until 2000, but, as described by Anthony Bianco, 42nd Street "was his last big hit, his swan song".[15]

This Tony–nominated wardrobe, designed by Theoni V. Aldredge, is on rotating display at the Wick Theatre and Costume Museum in Boca Raton, Florida.[16]

West End[edit]

The West End production opened at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane on August 8, 1984, starring James Laurenson as Julian Marsh, Georgia Brown as Dorothy Brock, Clare Leach as Peggy Sawyer, Michael Howe as Billy Lawler and Margaret Courtenay as Maggie Jones.[17][18][19] Frankie Vaughn later took over as Julian Marsh, with Shani Wallis as Dorothy Brock and Maxine Audley as Maggie Jones. The career of teenaged Catherine Zeta-Jones, a chorus member in the 1984 West End production, was launched when a vacation and an illness felled both the actress portraying Peggy Sawyer and her understudy when one of the producers happened to be in the audience. Zeta-Jones filled in and was impressive enough to be cast permanently in the role shortly afterward.[20] The Production closed on 7, January 1989 after nearly 5 years.

International Productions[edit]

A San Francisco production opened at the Golden Gate Theatre on February 19, 1985, and ran through July 20, concurrently with the original Broadway production.[21]

The Sydney production of 42nd Street opened on June 2, 1989, at Her Majesty's Theatre, Sydney. It closed July 28, 1990. The show starred Barry Quin as Julian Marsh, Nancye Hayes as Dorothy Brock, Leonie Paige as Peggy Sawyer, Todd McKenney as Billy Lawler and Toni Lamond as Maggie Jones, with Dein Perry as Andy Lee.[22]

After the closure of the resident Theatre Royal Drury Lane production, the show should see a return engagement at the Dominion Theatre for a limited run between February 27 to April 20, 1991.[23] Most notably the production featured Richard Armitage who was a part of the chorus.[24]

A new production was staged for the Chichester Festival at the Chichester Festival Theatre in summer 2011. It was directed by Paul Kerryson with new choreography by Andrew Wright and starred Kathryn Evans as Dorothy and Tim Flavin as Julian. This production transferred to Curve in Leicester for the Christmas 2011 season (breaking all previous box office records for the theatre). Tim Flavin reprised his role, Ria Jones played Dorothy and Daisy Maywood portrayed Peggy.

UK Tours[edit]

The limited-run production at the Dominion Theatre toured the UK starring Bonnie Langford as Peggy. Three more UK Touring productions were produced by UK Productions in 1997, 1999 and 2000. Gemma Craven starred as Dorothy in the 1997 tour, Ruth Madoc starred as Dorothy in the 1999 and 2000 productions and James Smillie starred as Julian Marsh in all three productions.[25] The 2001 production, by UK Productions, toured the UK in 2007. The cast included Paul Nicholas as Julian for the first part of the tour, later replaced by Dave Willetts, Julia J. Nagle as Dorothy, Jessica Punch as Peggy, Graham Hoadly as Bert Barry, Shirley Jameson as Maggie Jones and Ashley Nottingham as Billy.[26] UK Productions mounted a second UK tour of the show in 2012 with Dave Willetts reprising the role of Julian, Marti Webb playing Dorothy, Graham Hoadly as Bert Barry, Carol Ball as Maggie Jones and Mark Bramble directing.[27]

Broadway Revival[edit]

Bramble revised the book for and directed the Broadway revival, with choreography by Randy Skinner (dance assistant for the original production). It opened, after 31 previews, on May 2, 2001, at the Foxwoods Theatre (formerly the Ford Center for the Performing Arts),[28] where it ran for 1,524 performances, closing January 2, 2005. The cast included Michael Cumpsty as Julian Marsh, Christine Ebersole as Dorothy Brock, Kate Levering as Peggy Sawyer, and David Elder as Billy Lawlor.[28] Meredith Patterson, who made her Broadway musical debut in the chorus and was the understudy for the role of Peggy Sawyer, took over the role in August 2001.[29] Todd Lattimore, who had been a swing and understudy, took the role of Billy. Other notable replacements included Patrick Cassidy[30] and Tom Wopat as Julian[31] and Shirley Jones[30] and Beth Leavel as Dorothy.

Stuttgart Revival[edit]

Mark Bramble's Broadway Revival was reproduced in Stuttgart at the Stage Apollo Theater by Stage Entertainment. Performances began November 21, 2003, before closing December 32, 2004. The cast included Kevin Tarte as Julian Marsh, Isabel Dörfler as Dorothy Brock, Karin Seyfried as Peggy Sawyer, and Jens Janke as Billy Lawlor.[32]

Asia Tour[edit]

An Asia tour of the Broadway revival played major venues throughout China and South Korea, with an English–speaking company directed by Mark Bramble.[33][34] The cast included Paul Gregory Nelson as Julian, Natalie Buster as Dorothy, Kristen Martin as Peggy, and Charles MacEachern as Billy.

US Tours[edit]

A slightly updated version of the 2001 revival, revised and directed by Mark Bramble and choreographed by Randy Skinner, began a United States tour in September 2015, opening in Salt Lake City, Utah on 22 September 2015. Matthew J. Taylor played Julian Marsh, Caitlin Ehlinger played Peggy Sawyer, and Blake Standik played Billy Lawlor.[35] This production with a new cast, would tour the US again, from 2016 to 2017.

West End Revival[edit]

A slightly revised version of the 2001 Broadway revival began a West End revival with previews on March 20, 2017, at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane, where the show had its original London production, with an official opening night on April 4.[36] Mark Bramble once again directed and Randy Skinner choreographed. The cast included Sheena Easton in her West End debut as Dorothy Brock, Clare Halse as Peggy Sawyer, Stuart Neal as Billy Lawlor and Tom Lister as Julian Marsh. Bruce Montague who previously starred in the UK Tour reprised his role. Graeme Henderson who previously played the role of Billy Lawlor in the original West End production and Andy in a UK Tour also reprised his role as Andy.[37] The opening night was attended by The Duchess of Cambridge in her role as Royal Patron of the East Anglia Children's Hospices (EACH).[38] On March 19, 2018, Lulu took over from Easton as Dorothy Brock for a 16-week tenure, and Ashley Day took over from Neal as Billy Lawlor, with Lister and Halse remaining in the show.[39] Steph Parry - who in March 2018 joined 42nd Street as understudy for the roles of Dorothy Brock and Maggie Jones - took over from Lulu as Dorothy Brock on July 9, 2018.[40] Bonnie Langford who played the role of Peggy in a previous UK Tour took over as Dorothy Brock on September 3, 2018, until the show closed on January 5, 2019.[41]

The production was recorded in November 2018 and aired live across cinemas in the UK. It eventually aired on PBS's Great Performances’ third annual “Broadway’s Best” lineup in November 2019.[42]

Ogunquit Playhouse[edit]

Ogunquit Playhouse's production began previews on June 19, 2019, with the official opening on June 21, 2019.[43] Randy Skinner directed and choreographed as it was the first major production since Bramble's passing in February 2019. The cast included Rachel York in a return to the Ogunquit Playhouse stage as Dorothy Brock, Sally Struthers as Maggie Jones, Jessica Wockenfuss as Peggy Sawyer, Steve Blanchard as Julian Marsh and Con O'Shea Creal as Billy Lawlor.[44] The production was assistant-choreographed by Sara Brians who made her Broadway debut with the 2001 revival, and utilized sets designed by Douglas W. Schmidt for previous tours of 42nd Street. Costumes were sourced from a previous production in Stuttgart and various US Tours.

Plot[edit]

Act I

Auditions for 1933's newest show, Pretty Lady, are nearly over when Peggy Sawyer, fresh off the bus from Allentown, Pennsylvania, arrives in New York City with valise in hand. Billy Lawlor, already cast as one of the juvenile leads, notices her and hopes to charm her into accepting a date with him ("Young and Healthy"). He informs her she has missed the audition but he can help her bypass that process, but choreographer Andy Lee has no time for Billy's latest conquest and tells her, "Amscray, toots." Embarrassed and flustered, she rushes off, only to run into director Julian Marsh. One-time star Dorothy Brock, indignant at being asked to audition for a role, is reassured by co-writer and producer Bert Barry that he merely wants to make sure the songs are in her key ("Shadow Waltz"). Despite feeling she is a prima donna past her prime, Marsh agrees to cast her in order to get financial backing from her wealthy beau, Abner Dillon. Outside the theatre, co-writer and producer Maggie Jones and chorus girls Ann "Anytime Annie" Reilly, Phyllis Dale, and Lorraine Flemming take pity on Peggy and invite her to join them for lunch and some advice. They encourage her to show them a dance routine that is witnessed by Julian, who decides there might be room for one more chorus girl after all ("Go Into Your Dance").

Dorothy and Billy rehearse a kissing scene, but Abner refuses to put money into a show where he has to watch Dorothy kiss someone else. The kiss is removed from Pretty Lady ("You're Getting to be a Habit With Me"). Peggy faints and is taken to Dorothy's dressing room. Pat Denning (Dorothy's secret long-term boyfriend and former vaudeville partner) is there and tries to help her. Dorothy finds them there together and, assuming they are having an affair, blows up at them. Julian overhears the argument and, fearing that Abner will pull funding for the show, decides to end the affair between them. A phone call to an unsavory acquaintance brings Pat a visit from a couple of thugs who convince him to break it off with her. The show's cast then departs to Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia, for the out-of-town tryout ("Getting Out of Town").

The scenery and costumes will not arrive on time, but the cast begins their dress rehearsal regardless ("Dames/Keep Young and Beautiful/Dames (Reprise)"). Peggy asks Julian if he will be attending a planned party, and he accepts because he is attracted to her. At the party, a drunk Dorothy, who misses Pat, tells Abner she was only with him because of his money and breaks up with him. Abner wants to close the show, but he is convinced to keep it running. Dorothy finds Pat, but he is once again driven off by Julian at the hands of the gangsters. Peggy tries to warn Pat, and Dorothy catches them together, becoming greatly upset("I Only Have Eyes For You" and "Boulevard of Broken Dreams").

"Pretty Lady" finally opens ("We're in the Money"), but someone bumps into Peggy, which causes her to knock over Dorothy. When Dorothy cannot get up, an angered Julian immediately fires Peggy, and tells the audience that the show is canceled.

Act II

Dorothy's ankle is broken, and the show may close, but the chorus kids will not give up ("Sunny Side to Every Situation"). The chorus kids, certain Peggy could fill the lead role, find Julian and tell him that she's a fresh young face who can sing and dance circles around Dorothy. He decides it is worth a shot and rushes off to the train station to catch her before she departs. At Philadelphia's Broad Street Station, Julian apologizes to Peggy and asks her to stay and star in the show, but she responds that she has had enough of show business and wants to go home to Allentown. Dumbfounded, he tries to coax her with the words "Come on along and listen to the lullaby of Broadway..." After the cast joins him in the serenade, she decides to accept his offer ("Lullaby of Broadway"). Forced to learn the part in two days, Peggy is about to mentally collapse when Dorothy, who has been watching the rehearsals, unexpectedly visits her and realizes that beneath her nervous exterior, Peggy is good, "maybe even better than I would have been". She even offers a little friendly advice on how to perform the last song, "About a Quarter to Nine."

It is time for the curtain to rise again ("Shuffle Off to Buffalo"). The opening night curtain is about to rise when Julian, now completely in love with Peggy, stops by for a last minute lip-lock and pep talk in which he utters the now iconic line, "You're going out there a youngster, but you've got to come back a star!" The show is a huge success sure to catapult her into stardom ("42nd Street"). In addition, although she is invited to and expected to attend the official opening night party, she decides to go to the chorus one instead. Julian is left alone onstage with only a single ghost light casting his huge shadow on the back wall. He quietly begins to sing, "Come and meet those dancing feet on the avenue I'm taking you to...42nd Street" ("42nd Street (Reprise)").

Characters[edit]

Source: Tams-Witmark Synopsis[45]

  • Peggy Sawyer – Nervous but enthusiastic new chorus girl from Allentown, Pennsylvania.
  • Billy Lawlor – Leading tenor in Pretty Lady.
  • Dorothy Brock – Past her prime Prima Donna, renowned for inability to dance.
  • Julian Marsh – Famous, but notorious, director.
  • Maggie Jones – Co-writer and producer of Pretty Lady.
  • Bert Barry – Co-writer and producer of Pretty Lady.
  • Andy Lee – Choreographer of Pretty Lady.
  • Pat Denning – Dorothy's former vaudeville partner and romantic interest.
  • Abner Dillon – Producer of Pretty Lady and Dorothy's "Sugar Daddy".
  • Mac – Stage Manager of Pretty Lady.
  • Ann “Anytime Annie” Reilly, Lorraine Flemming, Phyllis Dale, and Gladys – Experienced chorus girls who help Peggy.
  • Oscar – Onstage rehearsal pianist for the show Pretty Lady.

Notable Casts[edit]

Character Broadway
(1980)
U.S. Tour
(1984)
West End
(1984)
Broadway
(2001)
U.S. Tour
(2002)
Chichester
(2011)
Leicester
(2012)
Théâtre du Châtelet
(2017)
West End
(2017)
Ogunquit Playhouse

(2019)

Peggy Sawyer Wanda Richert Nana Visitor Clare Leach Kate Levering Catherine Wreford Lauren Hall Daisy Maywood Monique Young Clare Halse Jessica Wockenfuss
Billy Lawlor Lee Roy Reams Lee Roy Reams Michael Howe David Elder Robert Spring Oliver Brenin Francis Haugen Dan Burton Stuart Neal Con O’Shea-Creal
Dorothy Brock Tammy Grimes Millicent Martin Georgia Brown Christine Ebersole Blair Ross Kathryn Evans Ria Jones Sheena Easton Rachel York
Julian Marsh Jerry Orbach Jon Cypher James Laurenson Michael Cumpsty Patrick Ryan Sullivan Tim Flavin Alexander Hanson Tom Lister Steve Blanchard
Maggie Jones Carole Cook Margaret Courtenay Mary Testa Patti Mariano Louise Plowright Geraldine Fitzgerald Jennie Dale Jasna Ivir Sally Struthers
Bert Barry Joseph Bova Matthew Tobin Hugh Futcher Jonathan Freeman Frank Root Christopher Howell Ross Finnie Carl Sanderson Christopher Howell Kilty Reidy
Andy Lee Danny Carroll James Dybas Maurice Lane Michael Arnold Dexter Jones Alan Burkitt Stephane Anelli Graeme Henderson Jake Weinstein
Pat Denning James Congdon Gary Holcombe Bob Sessions Richard Muenz Daren Kelly Steven Houghton Stuart Ramsey Matthew McKenna Norman Bowman Ryan K. Bailer
Abner Dillon Don Crabtree Iggie Wolfington Ralph Lawton Michael McCarty Paul Ainsley Steve Fortune Teddy Kempner Bruce Montague Cliff Bemis
Mac Stan Page Lonnie Burr Brent Verdon Allen Fitzpatrick Michael Fitzpatrick David Lucas Scott Emerson Mark McKerracher
Ann “Anytime Annie” Reilly Karen Pruczik Rose Scudder Carol Ball Mylinda Hill Alana Salvatore Lisa Donmall Reeve Emma Kate Nelson Emma Caffrey Megan McLaughlin
Lorraine Flemming Ginny King Marla Singer Felicity Lee Megan Sikora Kristen Gaetz Pippa Raine Ebony Molina Charlie Allen Ella Martine Melissa Schott
Phyllis Dale Jeri Kansas Nancy Bickel Catherine Terry Catherine Wreford Angela Kahle Kate Nelson Lisa Ritchie Chantel Bellew Clare Rickard Lily Lewis
Oscar Robert Colston Bob Gorman Art Day Billy Stritch Tom Judson Peter McCarthy Barnaby Thompson Paul Knight

Musical numbers[edit]

*Not included on the original cast recording

**Not featured in the original production

† In the 2001 revival, "I Only Have Eyes for You" directly follows "We're in the Money"

‡ In the 2017 West End revival, "Young and Healthy" was performed before "Shadow Waltz"

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result Ref.
1981 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Nominated [46]
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Lee Roy Reams Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Gower Champion Won
Outstanding Costume Design Theoni V. Aldredge Won
Theatre World Award Wanda Richert Won [47]
Tony Award Best Musical Won [48]
Best Book of a Musical Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Lee Roy Reams Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Wanda Richert Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Gower Champion Nominated
Best Choreography Won
Best Costume Design Theoni V. Aldredge Nominated
Best Lighting Design Tharon Musser Nominated

Original London production[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result Ref.
1984 Evening Standard Award Best Musical Won [49]
Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Won [50]
Actress of the Year in a Musical Clare Leach Nominated

2001 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result Ref.
2001 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won [51]
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Christine Ebersole Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Randy Skinner Nominated
Outstanding Set Design Douglas W. Schmidt Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Roger Kirk Nominated
Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won [48]
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Christine Ebersole Won
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Kate Levering Nominated
Mary Testa Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Mark Bramble Nominated
Best Choreography Randy Skinner Nominated
Best Scenic Design Douglas W. Schmidt Nominated
Best Costume Design Roger Kirk Nominated
Best Lighting Design Paul Gallo Nominated

2017 West End revival[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result Ref.
2018 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Nominated [52]
Best Theatre Choreographer Randy Skinner Nominated
Best Costume Design Roger Kirk Nominated

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "42nd Street History". Archived from the original on September 23, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Fleming, John (April 28, 2003). "Floridian Renovating 42nd Street". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on October 29, 2005.
  3. ^ Kenrick, John (1996–2004). "History of the Musical Stage: The 1980s". musicals101.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Lardner, James. "Familiar 'Street'; Hokey Tune of the '30s", The Washington Post, June 25, 1980, p. B1
  5. ^ a b Rich, Frank (August 26, 1980). "Theater:Musical 42ND Street". The New York Times. CXXIX (44687) (Late City ed.). p. C7. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  6. ^ "'42nd Street'" InternetBroadwayDatabase, accessed April 9, 2011
  7. ^ a b "Who Played Julian Marsh in '42nd Street'" broadwayworld.com, accessed April 8, 2011
  8. ^ "Ziemba credits" Internet Broadway Database, accessed April 8, 2011
  9. ^ "'A Chorus Line' listing, 1975" Internet Broadway Database, accessed April 8, 2011
  10. ^ Viagas, Robert. "Long Runs on Broadway" playbill.com, September 22, 2015
  11. ^ Keith Moore (August 26, 1980). "Broadway's Gower Champion Dies at 61". Daily News. New York, New York.
  12. ^ Clarke Taylor (August 27, 1980). "Life and Death on 42nd Street". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ 42nd STREET opening night announcement (1980, Broadway)
  14. ^ Weil, Martin; Lardner, James; Coe, Richard L. "Gower Champion Dies as Show Opens;Champion Dies As '42nd Street' Opens in N.Y", The Washington Post, August 26, 1980, p. A1
  15. ^ Bianco, Anthony."David Merrick" Ghosts of 42nd Street: A History of America's Most Infamous Block (google books), HarperCollins, 2005, ISBN 0-06-056677-9, p. 220
  16. ^ The Wick, Exhibits
  17. ^ "Broadwayworld listing". Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  18. ^ "42nd Street original cast - where are they now? | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  19. ^ "IT WAS 15 YEARS AGO TODAY 42nd Street opens in London". The Independent. August 8, 1999. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  20. ^ "Exposure" Los Angeles Magazine (google.books), August 1998, p. 42
  21. ^ "Season History 1985" shnsf.com, accessed July 5, 2016.
  22. ^ "AusStage". www.ausstage.edu.au. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  23. ^ "42nd Street - 1991 West End - Backstage & Production Info". www.broadwayworld.com. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  24. ^ "42nd Street (1991) Ensemble | Richard Armitage Central". Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  25. ^ "42nd Street 1997-2000 – UK Productions". Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  26. ^ Steven Male. "UK Productions listing for '42nd Street'". Ukproductions.co.uk. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  27. ^ Rickwald, Bethany."Dave Willetts, Marti Webb Set for UK Tour of '42nd Street' " May 15, 2012
  28. ^ a b Brantley, Ben."Theater Review:You've Got to Come Back a . . . You Know" The New York Times, May 3, 2001
  29. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Meredith Patterson is New Peggy in Bway's 42nd Street Aug. 19" Archived October 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, August 19, 2001
  30. ^ a b Jones, Kenneth."Shirley Jones and Patrick Cassidy Announced for Bway's '42nd Street', Starting May 7" Archived October 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, March 23, 2004
  31. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Tom Wopat Is the Duke of 42nd Street, Playing Julian Marsh Beginning June 21" Archived October 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, June 12, 2002
  32. ^ "musicalzentrale - 42nd Street - Apollo Theater Stuttgart - Keine aktuellen Aufführungstermine". musicalzentrale.de. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  33. ^ "Press Release, announcing Shanghai engagement" nederlanderworld.com, August 7, 2007
  34. ^ "Nederlander New Century Announces Tour of Tony Award-Winning Musical '42nd Street' Beginning September 2007" Archived December 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Broadway China Network, accessed April 8, 2011
  35. ^ Haddock, Sharon. National Tour of '42nd Street' is set to launch at Capitol Theatre Tuesday Deseret News, September 18, 2015, p. C13
  36. ^ Bowie-Sell, David (August 5, 2015). "42nd Street to open at Theatre Royal Drury Lane". Whatsonstage.com. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  37. ^ Longman, Will (November 4, 2016). "Sheena Easton to make West End debut in 42nd Street". Whatsonstage.com. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  38. ^ Smith, Neil (April 5, 2017). "42nd Street gets royal seal of approval". BBC News Online. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
  39. ^ Bowie Sell, Daisy (February 23, 2018). "Lulu and Ashley Day to join cast of 42nd Street". Whatsonstage.com. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  40. ^ Wood, Alex (June 15, 2018). "Steph Parry to take over from Lulu in West End 42nd Street". Whatsonstage.com. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  41. ^ Wood, Alex; Hewis, Ben (July 13, 2018). "Bonnie Langford joins cast of 42nd Street and closing date announced". Whatsonstage.com. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  42. ^ "42nd Street: About". Great Performances. PBS. November 1, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  43. ^ "42nd Street". ogunquitplayhouse.org. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  44. ^ "Rachel York & Sally Struthers Star In 42ND STREET At Ogunquit Playhouse". broadwayworld.com. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  45. ^ "'Forty-Second Street' Quick Review, Awards, Brief History, Synopsis" tamswitmark.com, accessed April 9, 2011
  46. ^ "Drama Desk, 1980-1981" dramadesk.com, accessed April 8, 2011
  47. ^ "Previous Theatre World Award Recipients, 1980–81" theatreworldawards.org, accessed April 9, 2011
  48. ^ a b "'42nd Street' Tony winners and nominees" tonyawards.com, accessed April 8, 2011
  49. ^ "Evening Standard Awards, 1984" Archived December 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine albemarle-london.com, accessed April 9, 2011
  50. ^ Olivier Winners, 1984 Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine olivierawards.com, accessed April 8, 2011
  51. ^ Jones, Kenneth and Simonson, Robert. "2001 Drama Desk Winners Include Producers, Proof and Mnemonic" Archived October 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, May 20, 2001
  52. ^ "Olivier Awards 2018: Winners in full". BBC News. April 8, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2021.

External links[edit]