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|872 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1625|
|Balinese saka calendar||793–794|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)|
3568 or 3508
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3569 or 3509
|- Vikram Samvat||928–929|
|- Shaka Samvat||793–794|
|- Kali Yuga||3972–3973|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgan 14|
|Minguo calendar||1040 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1183/1184 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1414–1415|
998 or 617 or −155
— to —
999 or 618 or −154
- 18 July (traditional date) – Battle of Hafrsfjord: The Norse chieftain Harald Fairhair wins a great naval victory at Hafrsfjord, outside Stavanger. He becomes (at age 18) the first king of Norway. Harald's conquests and taxation system lead many Viking chiefs and their followers to emigrate to the British Isles and (later) to Iceland.
- Sancho III Mitarra (or Menditarra) becomes the founder and first 'king' of the independent Duchy of Gascony, with loose ties to the Frankish Kingdom.
- May 18 – Louis II, after his successful campaign against the Saracens, is crowned for the second time as Roman Emperor ("Emperor of the Franks") converts, the Muwalladun, and the Arab elite.
- Autumn – The Great Heathen Army returns to Northumbria, to put down a rebellion at York. King Ecgberht I and his archbishop, Wulfhere, are expelled by the Northumbrians and flee to Mercia.
- The Danes, led by Halfdan and Guthrum, establish a winter quarter at Torksey in the Kingdom of Lindsey (now part of Lincolnshire). King Burgred pays tribute (Danegeld) in return for 'peace'.
- King Artgal of Strathclyde is slain, through the connivance of King Constantine I of Alba (modern Scotland) and his Viking allies. Artgal's son, Run, succeeds to the Strathclyde throne.
- The Zanj Rebellion: The Zanj (black slaves from East Africa) defeat the Abbasid forces, led by caliphal regent Al-Muwaffaq (brother of caliph Al-Mu'tamid). Hostilities in Mesopotamia (Southern Iraq) will preoccupy Al-Muwaffaq, and the Zanj will remain on the offensive over the next several years.
- In Egypt, the first hospital (bimaristan) is built in Cairo by the Abbasid governor, Ahmad ibn Tulun. Physician licensure becomes mandatory in the Abbasid Caliphate.
- Fujiwara no Yoshifusa, Japanese regent (sesshō), dies at his native Kyoto, having ruled since 858. He is succeeded as head of the Fujiwara clan by his son Fujiwara no Mototsune.
- December 14 – Pope Adrian II dies (at age 80), after a 5-year reign. He is succeeded by John VIII, as the 107th pope of Rome.
- Abaoji, ruler (khagan) of the Khitan Empire (d. 926)
- Al-Farabi, Muslim philosopher (approximate date)
- Huo Yanwei, Chinese general (d. 928)
- Ibn Durustawayh, Persian grammarian, lexicographer and student of the Quran and hadith (d. 958)
- Ki no Tsurayuki, Japanese writer and poet (d. 945)
- Pietro II Candiano, doge of Venice (approximate date)
- April 2 – Muflih al-Turki, Abbasid general
- December 14 – Adrian II, pope of Rome (b. 792)
- Artgal, king of Strathclyde (Scotland)
- Athanasius I, bishop of Naples (b. 830)
- Cenn Fáelad hua Mugthigirn, king of Munster (Ireland)
- Chrysocheir, leader of the Paulicians (or 878)
- Fujiwara no Yoshifusa, Japanese regent (b. 804)
- Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub al-Juzajani, Muslim hadith scholar
- Ivar the Boneless, Viking chief (approximate date)
- Sargis, patriarch of the Church of the East
- Zhang Yichao, general of the Tang Dynasty
- general of the Tang Dynasty (b. 785)
- Collins, Roger (1990). The Basques. Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-17565-0.
- Hill, Paul (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great. Pen & Sword History. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
- "Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts". Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- McKinney, Robert C. (2004). The Case of Rhyme Versus Reason: Ibn Al-Råumåi and His Poetics in Context. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-13010-4.
- Nöldeke, Theodor (1892). Sketches from Eastern History. London and Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black.
- Popovic, Alexandre (1999). The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq, in the 3rd/9th Century. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers. ISBN 1-55876-162-4.
- Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
- Waines, David, ed. (1992). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXVI: The Revolt of the Zanj, A.D. 869–879/A.H. 255–265. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-0764-0.