|Elevation||7,099 ft (2,164 m) NAVD 88|
|Prominence||1,436 ft (438 m) |
|Topo map||USGS Agathla Peak|
|Mountain type||eroded volcanic plug|
|Volcanic field||Navajo Volcanic Field|
Agathla Peak (Navajo: Aghaałą́, Spanish: El Capitan) is a peak south of Monument Valley, Arizona, which rises over 1500 feet (457 meters) above the surrounding terrain. It is 7 miles (11 km) north of Kayenta and is visible from U.S. Route 163. The English designation Agathla is derived from the Navajo name aghaałą́ meaning 'much wool', apparently for the fur of antelope and deer accumulating on the rock. The mountain is considered sacred by the Navajo.
Agathla Peak is an eroded volcanic plug consisting of volcanic breccia cut by dikes of an unusual igneous rock called minette. It is one of many such volcanic diatremes that are found in Navajo country of northeast Arizona and northwest New Mexico. Agathla Peak and Shiprock in New Mexico are the most prominent. These rocks are part of the Navajo Volcanic Field, in the southern Colorado Plateau. Ages of these minettes and associated more unusual igneous rocks cluster near 25 million years.
- Baars, Donald L. (1995). Navajo Country. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 78–83. ISBN 978-0-8263-1587-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agathla Peak.|
- "El Capitan (Agathla Peak), Monument Valley, Arizona". Images of the World. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012.
- "El Capitan (Arizona)". PBase.com.
- Agathla Peak Peakware, World Mountain Encyclopedia.