Ailurophobia is a type of specific phobia: the persistent, irrational fear of cats. The name comes from the Greek αἴλουρος (aílouros), "cat" and φόβος (phóbos), "fear". Other names include felinophobia, elurophobia, and cat phobia.
The phobia manifests itself in different ways. For most people it is less about fear than about loathing, similar to the reaction many people have to snakes or rats. Some people experience it almost all the time, others just in response to direct stimuli. Some possible situations that can trigger the loathing of cats are: hearing purring, seeing a cat in real life, imagining the possibility of a cat touching or rubbing against one, the thought of meeting a cat in the dark, seeing the staring eyes of a cat (cats have the tendency to stare at passer-bys) cats in pictures and on television, and cat-like toys and cat-like fur. Big cats such as lions or tigers can also trigger the stimuli associated with a phobia. 
There are many ways to treat ailurophobia; treatment is usually carried out by a psychiatrist or other therapy specialist.
One strongly motivated patient was able to recover by slowly becoming accustomed to cat fur by first touching varying types of velvet, then becoming accustomed to a toy kitten, and finally a live kitten which the patient subsequently adopted.
In popular culture
- The character of Ranma Saotome, from the manga/anime series Ranma ½, suffers from a severe case of ailurophobia due to a martial arts training exercise he was forced to endure in his youth.
- The character of Dr. Vitus Werdegast (Bela Lugosi) in the Universal Studios horror film The Black Cat suffers from an extreme form of ailurophobia.
- On the show My Extreme Animal Phobia, a woman has a case of ailurophobia in that she believes that cats are evil shapeshifters.
- Tetsuya Niwa, a character from the manga Gakuen Heaven, is shown to have a fear of cats.
- Gilbert Nightray from the manga/anime Pandora Hearts is afraid of cats
- Alan from the manga/anime MÄR has a fear of cats.
- In A Charlie Brown Christmas, Lucy Van Pelt suggests to Charlie Brown that he might have a fear of cats (although she incorrectly refers to it as "ailurophasia").
- Nate Wright in the book and comic strip Big Nate written by Lincon Pierce. (He has big problems with his phobia because his best friend has a cat for a pet) Often he encounters them during soccer and baseball.
- A character of the video game FUSE, Dalton Brooks, is afraid of cats.
- A character in the video game The Elder Scrolls IV: The Shivering Isles, Ushnar gro-Shadborgob is so afraid of cats that he will ask for the hero to kill a Khajiit (Feline humanoid) Bhisha.
- The character Mio Isurugi, from the anime/manga MM!, is shown to have a fear of cats that causes her to freeze up and tremble at the sight of them.
- Yakuza Member "M", from the manga "What's Michael?" by Makoto Kobayashi, has a crippling case of ailurophobia.
- In episode 14 of the anime series My Bride is a Mermaid it was revealed many of the merpeople are ailurphobic due to the fact that cats eat fish. One of them, however, Masa, got over his fear of cats when he was young.
- The character Sasami Sasasegawa, from the visual novel Little Busters! by Key, has ailurophobia due to the disappearance of her own cat during her childhood.
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- Freeman, H. L.; D. C. Kendrick (August 1960). "A case of cat phobia. Treatment by a method derived from experimental psychology". BMJ 2 (5197): 497–502. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.824.497. PMC 2097085. PMID 13824737. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
- Crawford, Nelson Antrim (1934). "Cats Holy and Profane". Psychoanalytic Review 21: 168–179. Retrieved 9 April 2009.