Dragon Li

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Dragon Li
Dragon Li - Li Hua Mau1.jpg
Dragon Li
Other names Li Hua Mau
Domestic cat (Felis catus)

The Dragon Li (also called Chinese Li Hua, China Li Hua, Li Hua, Li Hua Mau, Li Hua Mao (in Pinyin); Chinese: 貍花貓 or simply Li Mao (Chinese character: 貍貓)) is a Chinese breed of domestic cat originating from nascent Chinese folklore and dynastic culture. The natural breed, based on a native landrace, is recognized as a formal breed by the US-based Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) and China's Cat Aficionado Association (CAA).

Physical characteristics[edit]

The Dragon Li displays a unique golden brown, broken mackerel (also known as broken striped) tabby pattern, distinctive ear tipping, large round almond shaped luminescent yellow/green eyes, and a strong full bodied stature reminiscent of its wild nature. The Dragon Li is valued for its unmistakable intelligence, an uncanny cognizance in relation to its surroundings, and its ability to interact perspicuously with humans.


The eponymous Dragon Li is thought to be a natural self-domesticating breed by way of the wild cat subspecies, Chinese mountain cat (Felis silvestris bieti). While this theory is still somewhat controversial, it has also not been scientifically disproven, and is therefore widely accepted as the origin of this breed within established breeding sources in China. The Chinese character interpretation is based on a legendary description rather than a fully accurate contemporary portrayal of the Dragon Li, and as a result, the breed has been confused with that of the wild fox by the Chinese. For this reason the literal translated characters for Li Hua Mao read as as in fox(狐貍), for flower pattern, and for cat. This Chinese character description was and is based on what was believed to be the best interpretation before modern western feline terminology became the standard, i.e. a 'flower pattern' versus a tabby pattern.

Although Li Hua Mao is the more prevalent name for the breed in China, more recently, the name Chinese Li Hua and Dragon Li have been utilized internationally to reflect the symbolic nature of China relevant to the mythical Chinese dragon.[1]


In 2003, the Dragon Li debuted as an experimental breed class in Beijing, China December 30, 2003 - January 6, 2004[2] Allbreed Judges Dolores Kennedy & Barb Belanger of the American Cat Fanciers' Association (ACFA) were guests of the Cat Aficionado Association (CAA) and judged the event. There are currently 4 Li huas in the United States.[3]

In 2005, an ideal male example ('Needy')[4] presented by its owner Da Han, was shown and won its class as 1st place CAA champion per an official breed standard. The event was judged by John Douglas Blackmore of the ACFA. In February 2010 the Li Hua was accepted for showing in the miscellaneous class with Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). Since gaining international recognition, and due in part to its limited availability, the Dragon Li / Chinese Li Hua has now become a focus of attention the world over.[5] In popular culture, the Chinese literary legend "Li Mao Huan Tai Zi" (The Cat for Crown Prince Conspiracy) utilizes a Li Hua Mao as its central theme, and has more recently served as the basis for a China-based television series.[6]


  1. ^ Barrett, Timothy H. (1998). The religious affiliations of the Chinese cat : an essay towards an anthropozoological approach to comparative religion. London: School of Oriental and African Studies. ISBN 0-7286-0288-1. 
  2. ^ "Shaw Communications". Members.shaw.ca. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Chinese Li Hua - Cats 101 - Animal Planet". Animalplanet.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Chen, Hui-wen (2005). The Mythology of Cats. China: Baihua Literature and publishing house. ISBN 7-5306-4362-2. 
  6. ^ "Justice Pao - Li Mao Huan Tai Zi - Jin Chao Qun, Kenny Ho VCD". Web.archive.org. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 

External links[edit]