Aksel Sandemose (né Axel Nielsen; 19 March 1899, Nykøbing Mors, Denmark – 6 August 1965, Copenhagen) was a Danish-Norwegian writer.
He was born in Denmark in 1899 to a Danish father and a Norwegian mother. He is the grandfather of illustrator and children's writer Iben Sandemose. In his youth, he worked as a teacher, journalist, sailor and lumberjack in Newfoundland. In 1930, Sandemose moved to Norway, and lived in Nesodden, south of Oslo. After Nazi Germany occupied Norway during World War II, he was forced to flee to neighboring Sweden in 1941 due to his association with the Norwegian resistance. After the war, he moved back to Norway, and settled in Søndeled. He died in Copenhagen in 1965, and was buried in Oslo.
Sandemose was one of six finalists for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1963.
In his 1933 novel En flykting krysser sitt spor (A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks), Sandemose introduced the concept of the Law of Jante.
A Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737, registration LN-DYP was named in memory of Sandemose, with a picture of him on the tail.
- 1923 Fortællinger fra Labrador
- 1924 Ungdomssynd
- 1924 Mænd fra Atlanten
- 1924 Storme ved jævndøgn
- 1927 Klabavtermanden
- 1928 Ross Dane
- 1931 En sjømann går i land
- 1932 Klabautermannen
- 1933 En flyktning krysser sitt spor
- 1936 Vi pynter oss med horn
- 1939 September
- 1945 Tjærehandleren
- 1946 Det svundne er en drøm
- 1949 Alice Atkinson og hennes elskere
- 1950 En palmegrønn øy
- 1958 Varulven
- 1960 Murene rundt Jeriko
- 1961 Felicias bryllup
- 1963 Mytteriet på barken Zuidersee
- Nye forbindelser. Pejlinger i Aksel Sandemoses forfatterskab by Steen Andersen (Vordingborg: Attika, 2015)
- Aksel Sandemose and Canada: A Scandinavian Writer's Perception of the Canadian Prairies in the 1920s by Christopher S. Hale (Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Center, 2005)