List of military clothing camouflage patterns

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1931 Splittertarnmuster (splinter pattern) first used for tents, then parachutists' jump smocks, and finally for infantry smocks

This is a list of military clothing camouflage patterns used for battledress. Military camouflage is the use of camouflage by a military force to protect personnel and equipment from observation by enemy forces. Textile patterns for uniforms have multiple functions, including camouflage, identifying friend from foe, and esprit de corps.[1]

The list is organized by pattern; only patterned textiles are shown. It includes current and past issue patterns, with dates; users may include armed, paramilitary, police, firefighting, search and rescue, counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism and other security forces and emergency services.

Patterns[edit]

Military camouflage patterns of the 20th and 21st centuries
Name Family Image Issued Users
Australian Multicam Woodland Australian Army Public Relations Service combat photographer Afghanistan 2010.jpg 2014 Australia[2]
Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) Digital tigerstripe ABU camouflage.jpg 2008 Used by the United States Air Force and the U.S. Civil Air Patrol.[3][4][5]
AOR-1 (NWU Type II) Digital Navy Working Uniform (NWU) Type III camouflage pattern swatch, AOR-1.png 2010 United States Navy, certain specialized units only.[6][7]
AOR-2 (NWU Type III) Digital NWU Type III camouflage pattern swatch, AOR 2.jpg 2010 United States Navy, specialized units before 2016, fleet-wide after 2016.[8]
A-TACS Woodland 2010 Unlicensed copies are used by the Russian Federation under the name of "Ataka".[9]
Bundeswehr Tropentarn (3-Farb-Tarndruck) Flecktarn Tropentarn.png 1993 German Bundeswehr:[10] tropical battle dress uniform for desert and semi-arid regions (army and air force)
Canadian Disruptive Pattern (CADPAT) Digital Temperate CADPAT camouflage pattern swatch.png 2002 Canada. Temperate variant shown.[11]
Camouflage Europe Centrale Woodland French Centre Europe camo.jpg 1991 France, Austria[12]
Desert Camouflage Pattern (three-color) Woodland Three-color Desert Camouflage Pattern.jpg 1991 United States[13]
Desert Camouflage Pattern (six-color) Woodland Six-Color Desert Pattern.jpg 1980s United States[14] Used by many other armies in many colour and pattern variations, including Argentina, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Kuwait, Niger, Paraguay, Peru, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, UAE, Yemen.[15]
Desert Night Camouflage Desert night camouflage.JPG 1991 c. United States[16]
Disruptive Pattern Material DPM British dpm2.jpg 1968 United Kingdom, DPM-95 shown. It replaced similar 1960 pattern DPM, introduced in 1968.[17] Replaced by Multi-Terrain Pattern. Iceland,[18] Indonesia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Yemen.
Erbsenmuster Flecktarn Waffen-SS Camouflage (cropped).jpg 1944 Germany[19]
ERDL (M1948) Woodland ERDL camouflage pattern swatch.jpg 1967 Singapore Armed Forces,[20] Turkish Armed Forces late 1980s–1990s,[21] was used by the USMC until the early 1980s.
Flächentarnmuster, also called Kartoffelmuster (potato), or Blumentarn (flower) Flecktarn Flächentarn.jpg 1956–1967 East German National People's Army[22]
Flecktarn Flecktarn Flecktarn.jpg 1990 Germany,[23] and at least 16 variants in different countries.
Albania;[24] Belgium;[25] China until 2007;[26] Denmark 3-color variant;[27] France;[28] India;[29] Japan;[30] Kyrgyzstan;[31] Poland;[32] Russia;[33] Greece, Ukraine.
Frog Skin/Spot Frog Skin Frog Skin camouflage pattern.jpg 1942 United States. Reversible: 5-color jungle one side, 3-color beach the other.[34] Also used by Turkey until 1980s in different colorways.[21]
Jigsaw Puzzle Drill platoon (226252212).jpg 1956 Belgium[35]
Leibermuster Leibermuster-1945.jpg 1945 Germany[36]
Lizard Lizard French lizard pattern camo.jpg 1947 France[37]
Many variants, both with horizontal stripes (Chad, Gabon, Rwanda, Sudan, Cuba, Congo, Greece) and with vertical stripes (Portugal 1963, then Egypt, Greece, India, Lebanese Palestinians, and Syria). Vietnam era Tigerstripe is a variant of Lizard.[37]
M05 Digital M05 woodland pattern.jpg 2007 c. Finland[38]
M84 Flecktarn M84camo.jpeg 1984 Denmark; 9 color variants.[39] Estonia:[40] France;[27][41][42] Latvia;[40] Lithuania;[40] Russia;[27] Sweden;[43] Turkey[44]
M90 Splinter Sweden M90 pattern.svg 1989[45] Sweden;[46] Latvia;[47]
Marina Trans Jungle (US4CES) Digital 2015 Mexican Naval Infantry[48]
Marine Pattern (MARPAT) Digital Desert MARPAT camouflage pattern swatch.jpg 2002 United States Marine Corps (arid variant shown),[49][50] some U.S. Navy sailors assigned to USMC units, and U.S. Marine Corps JROTC cadets. The temperate variant was used by the Georgian Army in the late 2000s, but has since been replaced by a domestic variant of MultiCam.[51]
MultiCam Woodland MultiCam.svg 2002 U.S. Armed Forces,[52] Angola,[53] Brazil,[54] Australia,[55][56] Austria,[57] Denmark,[27][39] Montenegro,[58] New Zealand,[59] Panama,[60] South Korea,[61] Thailand,[62] Tunisia,[63] Turkish Navy[21] Azerbaijani Armed Forces, the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command, Georgian Armed Forces,[64] and the Haitian National Police.[65]
Multi-Terrain Pattern Disruptive Pattern Material British Armed Forces Multi Terrain Pattern camouflage.jpg 2010 British Armed Forces[66]
NWU Type I Digital NWU Type I camouflage pattern swatch.jpg 2008–2019 United States Navy,[67] New York State Naval Militia,[68] and U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps[69]
Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP) Woodland Scorpion W2, Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP) swatch.png 2015 United States, replacing Universal Camouflage Pattern by 2019.[70] Also known as Scorpion W2.
Platanenmuster Flecktarn SS Platanenmuster Sommer.jpg 1937 Germany: summer (shown) and autumn variants.[19]
Rain pattern Rain Jehlici.JPG 1960 c. Warsaw Pact countries: Poland ("deszczyk"), Czechoslovakia ("jehličí"), East Germany ("Strichtarn"), and Bulgaria[71][72]

subsequent use: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan

Rhodesian Brushstroke Brushstroke Rhodesian Brushstroke pattern.jpg 1965–1980 Rhodesia[73]
Soldier 2000 Woodland Southafrica1.jpg 1994 South Africa[74]
Splittermuster Splinter Buntfarbenmuster 31 (Splittertarn).jpg 1931 Germany 1941–1944 (Wehrmacht, SS)[75]
Tactical Assault Camouflage (TACAM) Woodland TACAMCAMO.PNG 2004 U.S. National Counterterrorism Center[76][77]
TAZ 90 Woodland TAZ 90 Camo pattern.jpg 1990s Switzerland[78]
Telo mimetico Woodland
precursor
Wartime Italian M1929.jpg 1929 Italy, for shelter-halves, then uniforms. Oldest mass-produced camouflage pattern.[79]
Tigerstripe Tigerstripe Jungle Combat Vietnam.jpg 1969 c. South Vietnam, US special forces in Vietnam. Based on Lizard. Many variants. Also used by Australia, New Zealand in Vietnam.[80][81]
Turkish pattern semi-Digital Turkish Pattern.jpg 2008 c. Turkish Armed Forces[82] 5 variants[21] Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Type 99 (China) Woodland Pla camo.svg 1999 China[83]
Type 07 (China) Digital China 07 Oceanic Camouflage.png 2007 China. Ocean variant shown.[83]
Universal Camouflage Pattern Digital UCP pattern.jpg 2005–2014/19 United States Army,[84] some U.S. Navy sailors assigned to army units,[85] the Texas State Guard,[86] and the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. Also used by the Iranian military in limited contexts.
U.S. Woodland (M81) Woodland M81 U.S. woodland camouflage pattern swatch.png 1981 Derived from ERDL.[87] Used by the United States Navy SEALs, U.S. Navy SWCC, USMC MARSOC,[88] Luxembourg,[89] Azerbaijani Armed Forces, the Dutch Marine Corps,[90] and the Nigerian Navy.[91][92] Was used by the Afghan National Army and the Mexican Naval Infantry[93] in the 2000s. Also used by the Malaysian navy,[94] and Turkey until mid-2000s in 3 colorways.[21]
wz. 68 Moro Nadruk MORA WP WLąd.jpg 1969–1989 Poland; 6 variant colorways.[95][96][97]
wz. 89 Puma Kamuflaż wz. 89 "Puma".jpg 1989–1993 Poland[98]
wz. 93 Pantera Woodland WZ.93 Pantera.jpg 1993 Poland[99]


References[edit]

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External links[edit]