MultiCam

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MultiCam
MultiCam.svg
A computerized rendering of a swatch of MultiCam
TypeMilitary camouflage pattern
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In service2004–present[1]
Used bySee Users
WarsWar in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Production history
DesignerCrye Precision
Designed2002
ManufacturerCrye Precision
MultiCam variants made in other countries
Produced2002–present
VariantsArid, Tropic, Alpine, Black
See Variants for MultiCam patterns made in other countries

MultiCam is a camouflage pattern designed for use in a wide range of environments and conditions which was created and produced by Crye Precision. As a result of the pattern’s effectiveness across disparate environments and regions, it has found extensive adoption globally. Variants of it, some unlicensed, are in use with armed forces worldwide, particularly with special operations units. The pattern is also available for civilian usage.

History[edit]

A mannequin wearing an early prototype of a MultiCam combat shirt in July 2004
A U.S. Army soldier at the U.S. Capitol in June 2005, modelling an early prototype MultiCam combat shirt at a military technology convention

First unveiled and designed in 2002, MultiCam was designed for the use of the U.S. Army in varied environments, seasons, elevations, and light conditions. It is a seven-color,[2] multi-environment camouflage pattern developed by Crye Precision[3] in conjunction with United States Army Soldier Systems Center.

The pattern was included in the U.S. Army's move to replace the 3-Color Desert and Woodland patterns, but in 2004 lost to the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) that came to be used in the Army Combat Uniform. Nonetheless, it remained in limited use by the U.S. Army special forces in the mid-to-late 2000s in Iraq and Afghanistan. Multicam was also continually trialed for its "Future Force Warrior" program demonstrations.[4][5][6][7]

MultiCam was officially re-commissioned by the U.S. Army in 2010, replacing UCP for units deploying to fight in the War in Afghanistan, under the designation, Operation Enduring Freedom Camouflage Pattern (OEF-CP).[8][9] It had already been used by some American special operations units and civilian law enforcement agencies.[10] The U.S. Army discontinued the use of UCP in October 2019.[11]

MultiCam is available for commercial sale to civilians.[12]

A version of MultiCam has been adopted by the armed forces of the United Kingdom as the Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP), replacing their previous DPM camouflage. MTP retains the color palette of Multicam but incorporates shapes similar to the previous DPM scheme. After using the Multicam scheme in Afghanistan, Australia has also adopted its own version, combining the pattern of Multicam with the color palette of its earlier DPCU / Auscam pattern.

On 25 November 2013, Crye Precision unveiled a family of MultiCam variants, which they can reduce the visual and near-IR signature of a person operating in different environments. There are 4 variants from the original MultiCam. First is arid, for users operating in desert environments. Second is tropic, for users operating in dense jungle environments and areas that predominantly consist of lush vegetation that remains relatively unaffected by seasonal changes. Third is alpine, for users operating in snow-covered environments and intended to be used in every area of operation that receives significant snowfall. Finally is black, that meets the unique requirements of law enforcement officers of tactical teams operating in high-risk environments and projects a distinctly authoritative presence appropriate for domestic operations.[13]

Appearance[edit]

U.S. Army Rangers of 3rd Battalion 75th Ranger Regiment wearing Multicam while demonstrating the Future Force Warrior project at Fort Bliss, Texas, in February 2007

MultiCam has a background of a brown to light tan gradient, overprinted with a dark green, olive green, and lime green gradient and a top layer of opaque dark brown and cream-colored shapes spread throughout the pattern. This allows for the overall appearance to change from predominantly green to predominantly brown in different areas of the fabric, while having smaller shapes to break up the larger background areas.

The MultiCam color scheme in Hex triplet is as follows:(i) Cream 524 B8A78B; (ii) Dark Brown 530 48352F; (iii) Tan 525 967860; (iv) Brown 529 6F573F; (v) Dark Green 528 5A613F; (vi) Olive 527 8C7D50; and (vii) Pale Green 526 85755C.[14]

Non-licensed copies of the original pattern will often have slightly different colors, creating an altered overall effect.[15]

Variants[edit]

Australia[edit]

Army

On 19 November 2010, after trials by Australian special operations forces, the Australian Defence Force announced that Multicam will be standard for all regular Australian Army personnel in Afghanistan. Multicam, it is said, provided "... troops with greater levels of concealment across the range of terrains in Afghanistan – urban, desert and green." Previously, depending upon the terrain, Australian troops had to transition between green and desert colored Australian Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniforms (DPCU or AUSCAM).[16][17] On 30 May 2011 the Defence Material Organisation announced that they had obtained licence to produce Multicam in Australia for US$4.7 million and Crye would also design a new uniquely Australian pattern for another US$3.1 million.[18]

The Australian Army decided to standardize MultiCam-patterned uniforms starting in October 2014 called the Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU). The Australian derivative retains colour and pattern elements of the previous DPCU pattern. The AMCU is manufactured domestically by Australian Defence Apparel and Pacific Brands Workwear Group and comes in two variations, field and combat, using a tested Australian Multi-Camouflage Pattern that can operate in bush, desert, and jungle conditions. Previous DPCU Uniforms and Australian MultiCam Pattern Operational Combat Uniforms will be worn until all Army personnel have been issued with the AMCU.[19]

Air Force

In 2014 the Royal Australian Air Force began fielding a new Multicam-based uniform to replace the DPCU, called the General Purpose Uniform (GPU), using the blue-and-grey colours of the RAAF.[20] The uniform is not intended to be used as camouflage in warlike operations or environments.[21][22]

Navy

In 2015, the Royal Australian Navy began their own testing of a new Multicam uniform with a blue colourway, calling it the Maritime Multicam Camouflage Uniform (MMCU)[23] The new uniform and pattern was intended to replace the Navy's grey-and-green Disruptive Pattern Navy Uniform (DPNU) by 2017.[24] In 2019 The Australian Navy announced that it was fielding a variant of the new AMCU including the cut and design of the uniform itself, and reverting to the grey-and-green colours of the DPNU.[25]

The fabric for the AMCU, MMCU, and GPU are produced in Australia by Bruck Textiles Pty Ltd.[26]

Georgia[edit]

A domestic variant of MultiCam is in use with the Georgian Defense Forces as standard issue for all military branches as well as special units of the MIA and State Security. The pattern got adopted somewhere in 2010 replacing the DWC and MARPAT and since has been produced in a slightly altered version that fits better to the local environment.

Hungary[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

The New Zealand Defence Force announced in late 2019 that it would be replacing its local Multi Terrain Pattern camouflage pattern (NZMTP), in use since 2014, with a variant of British Multi-Terrain Pattern. The rollout began in 2020.[27] Prior to this New Zealand Special Forces in Afghanistan wore uniforms in Crye Precision Multicam.

Poland[edit]

A modified version of MultiCam has been adopted by the some of Polish Special Forces. It is named Suez.[28]

Portugal[edit]

As part of the Sistemas de Combate do Soldado (Soldiers Combat Systems) project, in 2018, the Portuguese Army started to experiment a new individual equipment system for the dismounted soldiers, which includes a new camouflaged Multicam-style uniform. This new uniform was tested in the field by units deployed to the Central African Republic, Afghanistan and Iraq. In 2019, the Multicam-style camouflaged was officially adopted as the Multiterreno (Multi-terrain), becoming the standard field uniform camouflage of the Portuguese Army, gradually replacing the Disruptive Pattern Material pattern.[29] It was developed in cooperation with the Centro De Investigação Desenvolvimento e Inovação da Academia Militar or Investigation Center for Development and Innovation of the Military Academy.[29]

Russia[edit]

Multicam has also been adopted by some Russian Spetsnaz units, including FSB Alpha, the SSO, and by the Internal Troops of the MVD. It's reported that Russia makes their own MultiCam camos.[30]

United Kingdom[edit]

The colors of the Multicam pattern were also used in the development of the British armed forces Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP). British forces deployed in Afghanistan used the Multi-Terrain Pattern from March 2010 onwards. The colors used in Crye's MultiCam technology were determined to be the best performing, across the widest range of environments (by a significant margin) when compared with the two existing Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) designs in use at the time and was subsequently selected as the basis for the new MTP camouflage, combined with the existing DPM base pattern.[31][32] On 27 June 2020, the Royal Marines announced they will adopt a new uniform made by Crye which uses the original MultiCam pattern instead of MTP.[33][34]

United States[edit]

MultiCam is currently in use by the U.S. Special Operations Command,[35] and some private military contractors.[36] Several members of the U.S. Army's Charlie Company, 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment were also seen wearing MultiCam when followed by ABC News.[37] In 2010, U.S. soldiers deployed to Afghanistan were issued MultiCam versions of the Army Combat Uniform, as the existing Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) was found to be inadequate for the terrain.

In May 2014, the Army selected a pattern similar to MultiCam called Scorpion W2 to replace UCP, naming it the Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP). The original Scorpion pattern was jointly developed by Crye Precision and the Army for the Objective Force Warrior program in 2002, and Crye made small adjustments for trademark purposes to create MultiCam. Because Scorpion is similar to MultiCam, the same color Velcro, buttons, and zippers can be reused.[38][39] OCP resembles MultiCam with muted greens, light beige, and dark brown colors, but uses fewer beige and brown patches and no vertical twig and branch elements.[40] On 31 July 2014, the Army formally announced that OCP would begin being issued in uniforms in summer 2015.[41] Soldiers are allowed to wear uniforms and field equipment patterned in MultiCam until they can acquire OCP, which is allowed until MultiCam uniforms' wear-out date projected on 1 October 2018.[42] Beginning October 1, 2018, USAF personnel will begin transition from ABU's to OCP until 2021.

Some local, state and federal law enforcement agencies also make use of the pattern, including the Drug Enforcement Administration's Foreign-deployed Advisory and Support Teams (FAST) teams operating in Afghanistan as well as the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Special Reaction Team, the Spokane, Washington Police Department, and the Oregon State Police SWAT team.

Users[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

  •  China: An "all-terrain" MultiCam-influenced pattern camouflage that was debuted during the 2015 Victory Day Parade.[79] It was intended to replace Type 07 uniform. Ultimately it was not adopted by PLA.

Others[edit]

Known to be used by anti-government forces in Syria,[80] including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]