Alushta

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Alushta
  • Алушта
  • Aluşta
AlushtaPanoram.jpg
Flag of Alushta
Coat of arms of Alushta
Alushta is located in Crimea
Alushta
Alushta
Location of Alushta within Crimea
Coordinates: 44°40′2″N 34°23′52″E / 44.66722°N 34.39778°E / 44.66722; 34.39778Coordinates: 44°40′2″N 34°23′52″E / 44.66722°N 34.39778°E / 44.66722; 34.39778
CountryDisputed:
Republic Crimea
MunicipalityAlushta Municipality
Area
 • Total6.983 km2 (2.696 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total29,078
 • Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK)
Area code(s)+7-36560
Former nameAluston ('till the 15th century)
ClimateCfa
Websitealushta.rk.gov.ru

Alushta Russian: Алу́шта; Crimean Tatar: Aluşta; Greek: Ἄλουστον) is a city of regional significance on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula which is within the Republic of Crimea, a federal subject of the Russian Federation. It is situated at the Black Sea beach line on the road from Hurzuf to Sudak, as well as on the Crimean Trolleybus line. Population: 29,078 (2014 Census).[1]

The area is notable for its arid, rocky terrain due to its proximity to Crimean mountains. During Byzantine times the town was called Alouston (Ἄλουστον) meaning "Unwashed".[2] Vestiges survive of a Byzantine defensive tower from a fortress of which the city name has derived, as well as a 15th-century Genoese fortress . During the Genoese rule the name modified to Lusta. Adam Mickiewicz dedicated two of his Crimean Sonnets to Alushta.

It is also the home of Seyit the Wolf in the Turkish drama Kurt Seyit ve Sura.

In 1910, 544 Jews lived in Alushta, consisting about 13% of the town population. In 1939, they consisted only 2.3% of the town overall population, numbering 251 individuals. On 4 November 1941, the Germans occupied the town and on 24 November 1941, a unit of sonderkommando 10b shot to death 30 Jews along with captured communists and partisans. In early December 1941, about 250 Jews from Alushta were shot to death by sonderkommando 11b in the park of trade union sanatorium no. 7, which is today in the local center for children and creativity.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Alushta (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
6.7
(44.1)
9.2
(48.6)
13.9
(57.0)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.9
(82.2)
23.3
(73.9)
17.7
(63.9)
12.2
(54.0)
8.4
(47.1)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.1
(37.6)
5.4
(41.7)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
20.2
(68.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.4
(74.1)
18.5
(65.3)
13.2
(55.8)
8.2
(46.8)
5.0
(41.0)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
0.1
(32.2)
2.2
(36.0)
6.7
(44.1)
11.3
(52.3)
15.9
(60.6)
19.0
(66.2)
18.5
(65.3)
14.0
(57.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.8
(40.6)
2.1
(35.8)
8.7
(47.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.9
(1.85)
42.5
(1.67)
37.9
(1.49)
29.5
(1.16)
24.3
(0.96)
39.4
(1.55)
32.4
(1.28)
41.4
(1.63)
34.2
(1.35)
38.0
(1.50)
44.4
(1.75)
52.6
(2.07)
463.5
(18.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.0 7.1 6.8 5.6 5.7 5.7 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.9 7.0 8.2 71.6
Average relative humidity (%) 78.7 77.5 77.1 77.1 74.7 71.3 65.5 64.7 70.0 75.6 78.9 78.5 74.1
Source: World Meteorological Organization[4]

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Alushta is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  2. ^ Variants are Ἄλουστος (masc.), Ἀλοῦστον (neu.), Ἀλούστα (fem.) The feminine form, Alusta, is consistent with it application to a city rather than a fortress. The anhydrous climate likely gave rise to a satirical, anthropomorphic appellation of “unwashed” to the place from a resident(s). Χαραλαμπάκης, Παντελής. “Σκέψεισγια δυο Μεσαιωνικα Τοπωνυμια της Κριμαιαs, (Αλουστου, Παρθενιται)” [Reflections on two medieval names of Crimea (Aloustou, Parthenitai], Βυζαντινά Σύμμεικτα 23 (2013): 201–216; esp. 203, note 7.
  3. ^ The murder of the Jews of Alushta during World War II, at Yad Vashem website
  4. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Sadraudzības pilsētas". jurmala.lv. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2014. (in Latvian and English)