Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira in 2012
Álvaro Joaquim de Melo Siza Vieira
25 June 1933 (age 86)
|Alma mater||University of Porto|
|Awards||Pritzker Prize (1992), Royal Gold Medal (2009), UIA Gold Medal (2011), Golden Lion for lifetime achievement (2012)|
|Buildings||Faculty of Architecture, Porto|
Álvaro Joaquim de Melo Siza Vieira, GOSE, GCIH, GCIP (born 25 June 1933), is a Portuguese architect, and architectural educator. He is internationally known as Álvaro Siza (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈaɫvɐɾu ˈsizɐ]) and in Portugal as Siza Vieira (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsizɐ ˈvjejɾɐ]).
Early life and education
Siza was born in Matosinhos, a small coastal town near Porto. He graduated in architecture in 1955, at the former School of Fine Arts of the University of Porto, the current FAUP – Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto.
Siza completed his first built work (four houses in Matosinhos) even before ending his studies in 1954, the same year that he first opened his private practice in Porto. Along with Fernando Távora, he soon became one of the references of the Porto School of Architecture where both were teachers. Both architects worked together between 1955 and 1958. Another architect he has collaborated with is Eduardo Souto de Moura, e.g. on Portugal's flagship pavilions at Expo '98 in Lisbon and Expo 2000 in Hannover, as well as on the Serpentine Pavillon 2005. Siza's work is often described as "poetic modernism"; he himself has contributed to publications on Luis Barragán.
Among Siza's earliest works to gain public attention was a public pool complex (named Piscinas de Marés) he created in the 1960s for Leça da Palmeira, a fishing town and summer resort north of Porto. Completed in 1966, both of the two swimming pools (one for children, the other for adults) as well as the building with changing rooms and a cafe are set into the natural rock formation on the site with unobstructed views of the sea. In 1977, following the revolution in Portugal, the city government of Évora commissioned Siza to plan a housing project in the rural outskirts of the town. It was to be one of several that he would do for SAAL (Serviço de Apoio Ambulatório Local), the national housing association, consisting of 1,200 low-cost, housing units, some one-story and some two-story row houses, all with courtyards. He was also a member of the team which reconstructed Chiado, the historic center of Lisbon destroyed by a fire in 1988.
Most of his best known works are located in his hometown Porto: the Boa Nova Tea House (1963), the Faculty of Architecture (1987–93), and the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art (1997). Since the mid-1970s, Siza has been involved in numerous designs for public housing, public pools, and universities. Between 1995 and 2009, Siza has been working on an architecture museum on Hombroich island, completed in collaboration with Rudolf Finsterwalder. Most recently, he started coordinating the rehabilitation of the monuments and architectonic heritage of Cidade Velha (Old Village) in Santiago, an island of Cape Verde.
By 2012, Siza warned that he might close his Portuguese office because of a lack of contracts. In 2019, he was commissioned with his first project in the United States, a 450-foot-tall, 37-story apartment building at 611 West 56th Street in Manhattan.
Siza taught at FAUP from 1966 to 1969, returning in 1976. In addition to his teaching there, he has been a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University; the University of Pennsylvania; Los Andes University of Bogota; and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.
In July 2014 Siza announced his decision to donate the large part of his architectural archive to the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in order to make his materials "accessible alongside the work of other modern and contemporary architects", while also giving specific project archives to the Fundação Gulbenkian in Lisbon and Fundação de Serralves in Porto, Portugal.
In 1987, the dean of Harvard Graduate School of Design, the Spanish architect Rafael Moneo, organized the first show of Siza's work in the United States. In 1992, he was awarded with the renowned Pritzker Prize for the renovation project that he coordinated in the Chiado area of Lisbon, a historic commercial sector that was all but completely destroyed by fire in August 1988.
Other prizes include: The Golden Medal of The Superior Council of Architecture of the College of Architects of Madrid in 1988; Mies van der Rohe Award for European Architecture, the Prince of Wales Prize in Urban Design from Harvard University, and the Alvar Aalto Medal in 1988; Portugal's National Prize of Architecture 1993; the Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize by the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the Praemium Imperiale in 1998, the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2001, the Urbanism Special Grand Prize of France 2005.
Siza's Iberê Camargo Foundation in Porto Alegre, his first project built in Brazilian territory, was honoured by the Venice Architecture Biennale with the Golden Lion award in 2002. In 2007 the Brazilian Government awarded him the Cultural Merit Order Medal. More recently he was awarded the RIBA's 2009 Royal Gold Medal and the International Union of Architects' 2011 Gold Medal. Siza was awarded by the Venice Architecture Biennale (13th Edition) with the Golden Lion for lifetime achievement (2012).
Siza was conferred the title of Honoris Causa Doctor by the following universities: Polytechnic University of Valencia; École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne; University of Palermo; University Menendez Pelayo, in Santander; Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería in Lima, Peru; University of Coimbra; Lusíada University of Porto; Universidade Federal de Paraíba; the Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Polo delle Scienze e delle Tecnologie, in Naples; the University of Architecture and Urbanism of Bucharest "Ion Mincu", Romania (2005); and the University of Pavia, Italy (2007). He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as well as Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, the American Institute of Architects, the Académie d'Architecture de France and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Civil awards and decorations
- Grand Officer of the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword, Portugal (6 June 1992)
- Grand-Cross of the Order of Prince Henry, Portugal (9 July 1999)
- Grand-Cross of the Order of Public Instruction, Portugal (6 April 2017)
- 2012, January: Alturas de Machu Picchu: Martín Chambi - Álvaro Siza at Work, at Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal.
- 2014, March: Visions of the Alhambra, at the Aedes Architecture Forum, Berlin. Curator: António Choupina, Arch.
- 2014, June: Visions of the Alhambra, at the Vitra Campus, Weil am Rhein. Curator: António Choupina, Arch. - Opening of Art Basel and the Álvaro-Siza-Promenade
- 2015, February: Visions of the Alhambra, at the Palace of Charles V, Granada. Curator: António Choupina, Arch.
- 2015, May: Visions of the Alhambra, at the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Oslo. Curator: António Choupina, Arch. - Official Visit of the President of Portugal to Norway
- 2016, July: Visions of the Alhambra, at the Aga Khan Museum, Toronto. Curator: António Choupina, Arch.
- 2017, March: Visions of the Alhambra, at the Serralves Museum, Porto. Curator: António Choupina, Arch.
- 2017, June: Architecture on Canvas, at the Nadir Afonso Contemporary Art Museum , Chaves. Curator: António Choupina, Arch.
- 2018, May: AlfaroSiza, no ESPAI ALFARO, Valencia. Curators: António Choupina, Arch. & Fran Silvestre, Arch.
- 2019, February: SIZA – Unseen & Unknown, at the Museum for Architectural Drawing, Berlin. Curators: António Choupina, Arch. & Kristin Feireiss Dr.h.c. - Bauhaus Centennial
- Jacinto Rodrigues: Álvaro Siza / obra e método, Livraria Civilização Editora 1992, ISBN 972-26-1099-6
- Peter Testa: Álvaro Siza, Birkhäuser 1996, ISBN 3-7643-5598-0
- Álvaro Siza: City Sketches, Birkhäuser 1994, ISBN 3-7643-2820-7
- Jorge Figueira (Hrsg.): Álvaro Siza. Modern Redux (Text: Alexandre Alves Costa, Jorge Figueira, Hans Ibelings, Guilherme Wisnik). Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2008, ISBN 978-3-7757-2298-8 (English/German) und ISBN 978-3-7757-2276-6 (English/Portuguese) – Projects 1998–2008
- Raul Betti e Greta Ruffino, Álvaro Siza, Viagem sem Programa, Red Publishing 2012, ISBN 978-88-88492-22-3
- Duarte, J.P. (2001) "Customizing Mass Housing: a discursive grammar for Siza's houses at Malagueira", PhD Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Kenneth Frampton: Álvaro Siza. Complete Works, Phaidon, London, 2000, ISBN 978-0714840048
- Philip Jodidio: Álvaro Siza: Complete Works 1952-2013,Taschen 2013, ISBN 978-3836521710
- João Carmo Simões, J. Figueira, P. Tunhas: Álvaro Siza / Museu Nadir Afonso[permanent dead link], Lisboa: monade, 2016, ISBN 978-989-99485-1-8
- Jonathan Glancey: A Gold Medal for Siza? About time in The Guardian, 8 October 2008
- "A Portuguese Wins Pritzker Award". New York Times. 27 April 1992.
- Pritzker Architecture Prize: Alvaro Siza Vieira Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 1 May 2011.
- Patrick Lynch (23 October 2008), Álvaro Siza: swimming pools with depth The Architect's Journal.
- Kieran Long (1 August 2009), Pavilion by Álvaro Siza and Rudolf Finsterwalder, Insel Hombroich Foundation, Ruhr Valley, Germany The Architectural Review.
- Karissa Rosenfield (March 11, 2014), Álvaro Siza + Juan Domingo Santos Design “New Gate of Alhambra” ArchDaily.
- Raphael Minder (November 9, 2012), Celebrating a Year of Culture Amid Hard Times in Portugal International Herald Tribune.
- Tim McKeough (August 30, 2019), Another Starchitect Arrives in New York New York Times.
- Siza, Álvaro (23 July 2014), "Álvaro Siza's Archive"[permanent dead link], Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA).
- Qeuirós, Luís Miguel (9 July 2015). "Álvaro Siza doa 40 projectos a Serralves". Público (Portugal).
- Ouroussoff, Nicholas (5 August 2007). "Modernist Master's Deceptively Simple World". New York Times.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 December 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- 8th International Architecture Exhibition 2002 La Biennale di Venezia.
- "Royal Gold Medal 2009". architecture.com. Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "2011 UIA Gold Medal". UIA. 18 April 2011. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- "Alturas de Machu Picchu: Martín Chambi - Álvaro Siza at Work". Canadian Centre for Architecture. 26 January 2012.[permanent dead link]
- The Pearl of Granada remains untouched in the FAZ. May 5th, 2014. Page 14
- "The Alhambra Project". Vitra Design Museum. 13 June 2014.
- "Visiones de la Alhambra". Council of the Alhambra and Generalife. 9 February 2015.
- "Álvaro Siza Vieira. Visions of the Alhambra". National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. 4 May 2015.
- "Álvaro Siza Vieira. Gateway to the Alhambra". Aga Khan Museum. 23 July 2016.
- "Visions of the Alhambra showcases Álvaro Siza's project for Granada". Serralves. 8 March 2017.
- "Architecture on Canvas is MACNA's new exhibition". Nadir Afonso Contemporary Art Museum. 11 July 2017.
- "Dialogues between Álvaro Siza and Andreu Alfaro". ESPAI ALFARO. 30 May 2018.
- "SIZA – Unseen & Unknown". Museum for Architectural Drawing. 20 February 2019.
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