Amar Singh I
|Amar Singh I|
|13th Maharana of Mewar|
Painting of Maharana Amar Singh I
|13th Maharana of Mewar|
|Reign||19 January 1597 – 26 January 1620|
|Coronation||19 January 1597 Udaipur, Rajasthan, India|
|Successor||Karan Singh II|
|Born||16 March 1559|
Chittor Fort, Rajasthan
|Died||26 January 1620 (aged 60)|
|Spouse||Rani Amba , Rani Ashwini , Rani Ganga , Maharani Yamuna, Rani Kunti|
|Issue||Karan Singh II|
|Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II|
|Udai Singh I||(1468–1473)|
|Ratan Singh II||(1528–1531)|
|Udai Singh II||(1540–1572)|
|Pratap Singh I||(1572–1597)|
|Amar Singh I||(1597–1620)|
|Karan Singh II||(1620–1628)|
|Jagat Singh I||(1628–1652)|
|Raj Singh I||(1652–1680)|
|Amar Singh II||(1698–1710)|
|Sangram Singh II||(1710–1734)|
|Jagat Singh II||(1734–1751)|
|Pratap Singh II||(1751–1754)|
|Raj Singh II||(1754–1762)|
|Ari Singh II||(1762–1772)|
|Hamir Singh II||(1772–1778)|
Maharana Amar Singh I, the Maharana of Mewar (16 March 1559 – 26 January 1620), was the eldest son and successor of Maharana Pratap of Mewar. He was the 13th Rana of Mewar dynasty of Sisodia Rajputs and ruler of Mewar from 19 January 1597 till his death on 26 January 1620. His capital was Udaipur.
Amar Singh succeeded Maharana Pratap upon his death on 19 January 1597 and was the ruler of Mewar till his death on 26 January 1620.
Battle of Dewar
After his coronation, Jahangir sent Asaf Khan and Parviz to attack Mewar; Amar Singh defeated them in the battle and they were forced to retreat, though it was a stalemate as soon Amar Singh had to accept Mughal suzerainty.
Ultimately, after Mewar was devastated financially and in manpower due to several battles against the Mughals, Amar Singh thought it prudent to start negotiations with them and finally, entered into a treaty with Shah Jahan (who negotiated on behalf of Jahangir) in 1615.
In the treaty, it was agreed that Ruler of Mewar, will not be bound to present himself in person at Mughal court, instead, a son or brother of the Rana would wait upon the Mughal Emperor and serve him. It was also agreed that the Ranas of Mewar would not enter matrimonial relations with the Mughals. Further, it was agreed that Mewar would have to keep a contingent of 1500 horsemen in the Mughal service. Finally, it was agreed that the fort of Chittor would never be repaired. The reason for this last condition was that the Chittor fort was a very powerful bastion and the mughals were wary of it being used in any future rebellion.
Later, when Amar Singh went to meet Jahangir at Ajmer, he was given a warm welcome by Mughal Emperor and the territories around Chittor along with the Chittor Fort were given back to Mewar, as goodwill gesture. However, Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar State.
Amar Singh was loved by his pupils and chiefs for the qualities like bravery, leadership, valour, justice and kindness and it is believed that during a war with Mughal's he was believed to have shown great valour which gave him the title 'Chakraveer'.
- Mathur 1994, p. 23.
- Pant 2012, p. 129.
- Chandra 2006, p. 123.
- Sharma, Sri Ram (1971). Maharana Raj Singh and his Times. p. 14. ISBN 8120823982.
- Jahangir - Emperor of India - Encylopaedia Brittanica
- Pant, Ashok (31 August 2012), The Truth of Babri Mosque
- Nicoll, Fergus (2009), Shah Jahan, India: Penguin Books, ISBN 9780670083039
- Chandra, Satish (2006), Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals (1206–1526), 2, Har-Anand Publications
- Mathur, Pushpa Rani (1994), Costumes of the Rulers of Mewar: With Patterns and Construction Techniques
- Srivastava, Ashirbadi Lal (1969), The Mughul Empire (1526–1803 A.D.)
- Thorpe, The Pearson Guide To The Central Police Forces Examination, 2/E
Amar Singh IBorn: 16 March 1559 Died: 26 January 1620
| Sisodia Rajput Ruler
Karan Singh II