Eldritch at a concert in Moscow, Russia, in March 2009
|Birth name||Andrew William Harvey Taylor|
15 May 1959 |
Ely, Cambridgeshire, England
|Genres||Gothic rock, Post-punk, darkwave, hard rock|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, keyboards, drum machine, drums, percussion, bass guitar|
|Associated acts||The Sisters of Mercy, The Sisterhood, SSV|
Andrew Eldritch (born Andrew William Harvey Taylor, 15 May 1959) is the English frontman, singer, songwriter and only remaining original member of The Sisters of Mercy, a band that emerged from the British post-punk scene, transformed into a gothic rock band and, in later years, flirted with hard rock.
Eldritch also programs the tracks for The Sisters of Mercy's drum machine (known as "Doktor Avalanche") and plays guitars and keyboards in its studio recordings. He is well known for his deep distinctive rich bass-baritone voice. He has also established the record label Merciful Release. In addition to The Sisters of Mercy, in 1986 Andrew Eldritch established a side-project The Sisterhood (to keep former band members from using the name) which was quickly abandoned in favour of continuing working under The Sisters of Mercy.
Before The Sisters of Mercy
Andrew Eldritch was born in the small cathedral city of Ely in 1959. Eldritch later wrote a piano song named "1959", alluding to the year of his birth, starting with the line "Living as an angel in the place that I was born".
Eldritch studied French and German literature at the University of Oxford before moving to Leeds around 1978 to study Mandarin Chinese at the University of Leeds; he left both courses before graduating. He speaks fluent French and German and has some knowledge of Dutch, Italian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Latin, but stated that he has forgotten the Chinese he learned. During this period, Eldritch was a freelance drummer in the local Leeds punk scene.
The Sisters of Mercy
In 1979, Eldritch and Gary Marx formed The Sisters of Mercy. On the first single, "Damage Done/Watch/Home of the Hit-men", Eldritch played the drums, a task he was later relieved of by a series of drum machines referred to as Doktor Avalanche, allowing him instead to focus on his vocal performance. Over the years, nine members have left the group, several of them citing conflicts with the frontman as a reason for their departure. These former members include Patricia Morrison, who claimed she had been paid an average of £300 per month; and Wayne Hussey, with whom Eldritch had a personal feud which contributed to heavy criticism of both by the popular music press during the 1980s. Hussey formed a breakaway band called The Mission as a result of this conflict.
Following the release of the band's last studio album to date, Vision Thing, Eldritch initiated a 1991 US tour of The Sisters of Mercy in a triple-bill with Gang of Four and hip-hop act Public Enemy. The tour was cancelled midway and the band relocated to Europe, touring occasionally until late 1993.
In 1995 Eldritch interviewed David Bowie and Leonard Cohen for the German edition of Rolling Stone magazine. He also contributed articles on computers to German magazines. That year, he briefly rejuvenated his working relationship with erstwhile Sisters of Mercy guitarist Gary Marx. Marx wrote an album's worth of backing tracks, to which Eldritch could contribute lyrics and release it as a new studio album. Eldritch eventually backed out of the project and Marx released the tracks over a decade later as a solo album.
Prevented by contractual obligations from appearing under his own name, he is also rumoured to have produced a couple of techno albums under various pseudonyms during the 1990s, a rumour he would not deny when asked about it in an interview by Alexa Williamson in May 1997. Two musical projects Eldritch set up with his label, Merciful Release, have later been confirmed as Paris Riots (a collaboration with James Ray) and Leeds Underground. Both projects were abandoned before any tracks were released to the public.
In 1997 Eldritch produced the SSV album Go Figure, featuring his vocals over drumless electronic music. The album finally freed him from his contractual obligations, as EastWest agreed to waive their claims for two more Sisters of Mercy albums in exchange for the recordings. The SSV tracks were, however, never officially released. The full name of the band is SSV-NSMABAAOTWMODAACOTIATW, said to be an acronym for "Screw Shareholder Value – Not So Much A Band As Another Opportunity To Waste Money on Drugs And Ammunition Courtesy of the Idiots at Time Warner".
The Sisters of Mercy tour every year, but no new recorded material has been released for sale since 1993.
In 2009 Eldritch gave an interview to Classic Rock writer Joel McIver, in which he rejected the need for any new recorded material from the Sisters and talked at length about the band's career.
Songwriting and philosophy
The devices in Eldritch's lyrics include literary allusions (most prominently to the works of T. S. Eliot, Leonard Cohen and Shakespeare), erotic imagery, metaphors of drug culture, and an acrimonious criticism of the Republican Party of the United States, with which Eldritch claims to have a "hate-hate" relationship, in view of the Bush dynasty, Christian fundamentalists and the military-industrial complex. Politically, he has claimed to be "traditionally a Labour supporter" despite his "anarcho-syndicalist tendencies".
Though Andrew Eldritch has been called the "Godfather of Goth", for inspiring and defining the gothic scene musically and aesthetically, The Sisters of Mercy, despite being formed in 1980, were originally not very popular in the early-80s post-punk subgenre of bands and music fans which the British press had labelled Goth. The Sisters of Mercy were, however, accused by the press of plagiarising Joy Division, who were marketed by their management as "gothic" in the late 1970s.
Since the early 1990s, Eldritch has publicly rejected associations with the Goth subculture. He describes The Sisters of Mercy as humanist, modernist, and implies he wants nothing to do with Goth, stating "it's disappointing that so many people have in all seriousness adopted just one of our many one-week-of-stupid-clothes benders". He also notes that, "I'm constantly confronted by representatives of popular culture who are far more goth than we, yet I have only to wear black socks to be stigmatised as the demon overlord".
- Gary Moore – After the War (1989) – Backing vocals on "After the War", "Speak for Yourself" and "Blood of Emeralds"
- Kastrierte Philosophen – Toilet Queen (1989) – Remix of "Toilet Queen"
- Die Krupps – III - Odyssey of the Mind (1995) – Remix of "Odyssey of the Mind"
- Die Krupps – Rings of Steel (1995) – Remix of "Fatherland" (with Rodney Orpheus from The Cassandra Complex)
- Sarah Brightman – Fly (1995) – German interlude on How Can Heaven Love Me and backing vocals on A Question of Honour
- SSV – Go Figure (1997) – Sampled vocals on all songs