Before 1900s in comics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


This is a timeline of significant events in comics prior to the 20th century.

Publications and events[edit]

1663[edit]

  • A sequence, depicting a complete narrative - from the first meeting of the "actors" to the final murder - can be seen in the thirty-chapter headings in John Reynolds' The Triumph of God's Revenge Against the Crying and Execrable Sinne of .... Murther. The resemblance to a comic strip in form (but not matter) is striking.

1682[edit]

  • Matthew Turner publishes A True Narrative of the Horrid Hellish Popish-Plot using panels and balloons.[1]

1717[edit]

  • Gijsbert De Groot publishes Afbeelding van de Geboorte Lijden en Sterven van de Salighmaecker der Weereld[2]

1783[edit]

  • Joseph Franz von Göz publishes Leonardo und Blandine an adaptation of his play in pictures.[3]
  • Thomas Rowlandson publishes Two new Sliders for the state Magic Lanthern[4][5]

1784[edit]

1800[edit]

1801[edit]

1807[edit]

1810[edit]

1812[edit]

  • Thomas Rowlandson's illustrations to William Combe's novel about Dr. Syntax are notable for following one central character throughout a series of humorous sequences. The character will be re-used in two sequel books, printed in 1820 and 1821, making him the first serialized cartoon character.[11] He is also the first cartoon character to be published in episode format in a magazine and inspire merchandising.[12]
  • Hokusai publishes Hokusai Manga (Sketches by Hokusai), a series of illustrations that will have great influence on manga as a genre.[13]

1816[edit]

1819[edit]

1825[edit]

  • June 11: First publication of The Glasgow Looking Glass (1825-1826), a British magazine that goes down in history as the first publication devoted entirely to comics and cartoons. In the same magazine William Heath publishes the pantomime comic History of a Coat, which is notable for having the first appearance of the cliffhanger To be continued....[16] Another comic from the same period by Heath is The Life of a Soldier; a Narrative and Descriptive Poem and An Essay on Modern Medical Education.[17]

1826[edit]

1830[edit]

  • First publication of the satirical journal La Caricature (1830-1843) by Charles Philipon, which will attract many French caricaturist and early protototypical comics artists. It will also inspire similar satirical magazines in other countries.

1831[edit]

  • Charles Philipon publishes a sequential cartoon, Les Poires, which depicts French king Louis-Philippe I gradually transforming into a pear. The cartoon causes much upheaval from the royal court.

1833[edit]

  • First publication of Histoire de M. Jabot by Swiss teacher and amateur artist Rodolphe Töpffer, eventually initiating a trend of "histoires en images" (picture-stories).[19]

1836[edit]

  • George Cruikshank publishes Comic Alphabet, an illustration of the alphabet in a sequential narrative.[20]

1837[edit]

1839[edit]

1840[edit]

1841[edit]

1842[edit]

1844[edit]

1845[edit]

1847[edit]

1848[edit]

  • Félix Nadar draws the comics Les Aventures Illustrées du Prince pour rire (1848), Vie politique et littéraire de Viperin, journaliste et industriel (1848) and Vie publique et privée de mossieu Réac (1848-1849),.[31]

1849[edit]

  • George Cruikshank publishes The Preparatory School, a gag comic which makes use of speech balloons to tell a sequential story.[32]

1851[edit]

1853[edit]

  • Félicien Rops publishes the comic strip Les époux Van-Blague, making him one of the earliest Belgian comics artists.[34]
  • John Tenniel publishes the comic strip Peter Piper.[35]

1854[edit]

1855[edit]

1856[edit]

1857[edit]

1858[edit]

1859[edit]

1861[edit]

1864[edit]

1865[edit]

1866[edit]

1867[edit]

1869[edit]

  • Angelo Agostini publishes As Aventuras de Nhô Quim, the first Brazilian comic strip in history.[49]

1870s (unspecified which year)[edit]

  • Kobayashi Eitaku creates a scroll showing the decomposition of a female corpse in nine successive drawings.[50]

1871[edit]

1872[edit]

1875[edit]

1879[edit]

1881[edit]

  • October 29: First publication of the American satirical cmagazine Judge.

1883[edit]

1885[edit]

1889[edit]

  • Georges Colomb publishes the comics series La Famille Fenouillard (1889-1893) under the pen name Christophe.[58]

1890[edit]

1892[edit]

1893[edit]

  • Georges Colomb publishes the comics series L' Idée Fixe du Savant Cosinus (1893-1899) and Les Malices de Plick et Plock (1893-1904) under the pen name Christophe.[61]
  • John Tenniel becomes the first cartoonist to be knighted.[62]

1895[edit]

1897[edit]

1898[edit]

Deaths[edit]

  • 1800: Carl August Ehrensvärd, Swedish painter and caricaturist who made some early pantomime comics, dies at age 54 or 55.[65]
  • November 1805: Pehr Nordquist, Swedish comics artist (Päder Målare och Munthen), dies at age 34.[66]
  • April 1811: Isaac Cruikshank, Scottish cartoonist (Female Opinions on Military Tactics, The Humours of Belvoir Castle - or the Morning After), dies of alcohol poisoning at age 47.[67]
  • February 26, 1814: Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish comics artist (Prästen och Flickan), dies at age 74.[68]
  • 'June 1, 1815: James Gillray, British caricaturist and political cartoonist, passes away.[69]
  • April 21, 1827: Thomas Rowlandson, British cartoonist, illustrator and comics artist (Two New Sliders For The State Magic Lantern, The Loves of the Fox and the Badger, or the Coalition Wedding, Johnny Newcome, Dr. Syntax), passes away at age 70.[70]
  • December 18, 1831: Willem Bilderdijk, Dutch poet and creator of an early unpublished comic (Hanepoot), dies at age 75.
  • April 20, 1836: Robert Seymour, British caricaturist and cartoonist, commits suicide at the age of 38.[71][72]
  • April 7, 1840: William Heath, British caricaturist (History of a Coat), passes away at age 46 or 47.[73]
  • June 8, 1846: Rodolphe Töpffer, Swiss comics artist (Histoire de M. Vieux Bois), dies at age 47.[74]
  • April 18, 1849: Hokusai, Japanese illustrator, manga artist and painter, passes away.[75]
  • March 13, 1856: Isaac Robert Cruikshank, British cartoonist and caricaturist (Every Man on His Perch, of Going to Hobby Fair, The National Pop-Shop in Threadneedle Street), dies at age 66.[76]
  • October 29, 1864: John Leech, British caricaturist and illustrator (Mr. Briggs), dies at age 47.[77]
  • November 8, 1865: David Claypoole Johnston, American political cartoonist, dies at age 65.[78]
  • February 1, 1878: George Cruikshank, British cartoonist and caricaturist (The Preparatory School), passes away at age 85.[79]
  • February 10, 1879: Honoré Daumier, French cartoonist, illustrator and graphic artist, dies at age 70.[80]
  • January 23, 1884: Gustave Doré, French illustrator (Les Travaux d'Hercule, Trois Artistes incompris et mécontents and Histoire Pittoresque de la Sainte Russie) dies at age 51.[81]
  • August 18, 1884: Léonce Petit: French illustrator, caricaturist and engraver (Histoires campagnardes, Les Mésaventures de M. Bêton), dies.[82]
  • 1890: Émilie de Tessier, French comics artist (Ally Sloper), passes away at age 42 or 43.
  • May 27, 1890: Kobayashi Eitaku, Japanese illustrator, painter and prototypical manga artist (Decomposition of the corpse of a courtisane), dies at age 47.[83]
  • January 4, 1891: Charles Keene, British cartoonist and comics artist (The Adventures of Miss Lavinia Brounjones, Our American Cousin in Europe), passes away at age 67.[84]
  • September 20, 1894: Heinrich Hoffmann, German psychiatrist, novelist and illustrator (Der Struwwelpeter), dies at age 85.[85]
  • October 12, 1897: Charles Henry Ross, British comics writer and cartoonist (Ally Sloper), dies at age 62.[86]
  • August 23, 1898: Félicien Rops, Belgian illustrator and graphic artist (M. Coremans au tir national.[87]), died at age 65.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1525068&partId=1
  2. ^ http://data.collectienederland.nl/search/?q=de+Goede+Herder&qf=dc_type%3Akinderprent&page=6
  3. ^ http://konkykru.com/e.goez.1783.lenardo.und.blandine.1.html
  4. ^ https://www.royalcollection.org.uk/collection/810019/two-new-sliders-for-the-state-magic-lanthern
  5. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rowlandson_thomas.htm
  6. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rowlandson_thomas.htm
  7. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/g/gillray_james.htm
  8. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/n/nordquist_pehr.htm
  9. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/aanvang/1800.htm
  10. ^ Annie Renonciat, « Le Robinson de Dumoulin : un roman en 150 gravures » dans 9e Art n° 8, Centre national de la bande dessinée et de l'image, janvier 2003, pp. 10-19
  11. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rowlandson_thomas.htm
  12. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rowlandson_thomas.htm
  13. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/hokusai.htm
  14. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_george.htm
  15. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_isaac_robert.htm
  16. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/heath_william.htm
  17. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/heath_william.htm
  18. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_isaac_robert.htm
  19. ^ Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Rodolphe Töpffer". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2007. 
  20. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_george.htm
  21. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  22. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  23. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_george.htm
  24. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  25. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/v/von-dardel_fritz.htm
  26. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/v/von-dardel_fritz.htm
  27. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/hoffmann_dr_heinrich.htm
  28. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  29. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  30. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/dore_gustave.htm
  31. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/n/nadar.htm
  32. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_george.htm
  33. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/dore_gustave.htm
  34. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rops_felicien.htm
  35. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/tenniel_john.htm
  36. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rops_felicien.htm
  37. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/dore_gustave.htm
  38. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/v/von-dardel_fritz.htm
  39. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/tenniel_john.htm
  40. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rops_felicien.htm
  41. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/v/von-dardel_fritz.htm
  42. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rops_felicien.htm
  43. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/b/busch.htm
  44. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  45. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/k/keene_charles.htm
  46. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  47. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/duval_marie.htm
  48. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/p/petit_leonce.htm
  49. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/a/agostini_angelo.htm
  50. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/e/eitaku_kobayashi.htm
  51. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/p/petit_leonce.htm
  52. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/b/busch.htm
  53. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/p/pinheiro_r_b.htm
  54. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/b/busch.htm
  55. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/k/keene_charles.htm
  56. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cox-palmer.htm
  57. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/a/agostini_angelo.htm
  58. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/christophe.htm
  59. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/christophe.htm
  60. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/swinnerton.htm
  61. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/christophe.htm
  62. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/tenniel_john.htm
  63. ^ Don Markstein's Toonopedia. "The Yellow Kid". 
  64. ^ Don Markstein's Toonopedia. "The Katzenjammer Kids". Archived from the original on 2015-09-09. 
  65. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/e/ehrensvard_ca.htm
  66. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/n/nordquist_pehr.htm
  67. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_isaac.htm
  68. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/sergel_jt.htm
  69. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/g/gillray_james.htm
  70. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rowlandson_thomas.htm
  71. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/seymour_robert.htm
  72. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/seymour_robert.htm
  73. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/heath_william.htm
  74. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/t/topffer.htm
  75. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/hokusai.htm
  76. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_isaac_robert.htm
  77. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/l/leech_john.htm
  78. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/j/johnston_dc.htm
  79. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/c/cruikshank_george.htm
  80. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/daumier_honore.htm
  81. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/d/dore_gustave.htm
  82. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/p/petit_leonce.htm
  83. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/e/eitaku_kobayashi.htm
  84. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/k/keene_charles.htm
  85. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/h/hoffmann_dr_heinrich.htm
  86. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/ross_charles.htm
  87. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/r/rops_felicien.htm