Birmingham Hodge Hill (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°49′W / 52.50°N 1.82°W / 52.50; -1.82

Birmingham, Hodge Hill
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Birmingham, Hodge Hill in Birmingham.
Outline map
Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Population 121,678 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 75,985 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Liam Byrne (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham Stechford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Hodge Hill is a constituency[n 1] of part of the city of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2004 by Liam Byrne of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The current Member of Parliament is Liam Byrne of the Labour Party, who was elected in the 2004 by-election. He succeeded Terry Davis, who had held the seat since its creation in the 1983 general election. For the four years from the 1979 general election Davis held the largely predecessor constituency to the area, Birmingham Stechford.

Election Member[3] Party Notes
2004 by-election Liam Byrne Labour Chief Secretary to the Treasury 2009-2010
1983 Terry Davis Labour Resigned 2004

Boundaries[edit]

2010–present: The City of Birmingham wards of Bordesley Green, Hodge Hill, Shard End, and Washwood Heath.

1983-2010: The City of Birmingham wards of Hodge Hill, Shard End, and Washwood Heath.

The constituency covers a diverse area of east Birmingham, including the predominantly Asian inner-city area of Washwood Heath and the mostly white area of Shard End on the city's eastern boundary, as well as Hodge Hill itself. The constituency has a high percentage of residents on a low income bracket and a roughly equal three-way split of social housing, privately rented and privately owned homes leading to one of highest Indices of Multiple Deprivation in the West Midlands for its central area.[4]

When the Hodge Hill area committee district of Birmingham was created in 2004 its boundaries were those of the constituency.

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1983, taking much of abolished Birmingham Stechford the remainder of which bolstered Birmingham Yardley (principally Stechford itself). The predecessor seat was won by the Labour candidate in all but one election since its 1950 creation.

In 2004 the appointment of the sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Terry Davis, as secretary general of the Council of Europe resulted in a fiercely contested by-election. The seat saw a strong result by the Liberal Democrat candidate,[n 3] who hoped to build on his party's previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well as vote splitting by the similarly-aligned-to-Labour, anti-war RESPECT The Unity Coalition candidate. On a low turnout, the incumbent held the seat by a margin of 460 votes over the Liberal Democrats. The 2015 result made the seat the 9th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[5]

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Birmingham, Hodge Hill[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion
Labour Liam Byrne
UKIP Mohammed Gultasab
Conservative Ahmereen Reza
Green Clare Thomas
Majority
Turnout
General Election 2015: Birmingham Hodge Hill[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Liam Byrne 28,069 68.4 Increase 16.4
Conservative Kieran Mullan 4,707 11.5 Decrease 0.2
UKIP Albert Duffen 4,651 11.3 Increase 9.7
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion 2,624 6.4 Decrease 21.3
Green Chris Nash 835 2.0 N/A
Communist Andy Chaffer 153 0.4 Increase 0.4
Majority 23,362 56.9 Increase 32.6
Turnout 41,039 54.5 Decrease 1.1
Labour hold Swing Increase 8.3
General Election 2010: Birmingham Hodge Hill[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Liam Byrne 22,077 52.0 Increase 5.1
Liberal Democrat Tariq Khan 11,775 27.7 Decrease 2.1
Conservative Shailesh Parekh 4,936 11.6 Increase 1.0
BNP Richard Lumby 2,333 5.5 Increase 0.4
UKIP Waheed Rafiq 714 1.7 Decrease 1.1
Social Democratic Peter Johnson 637 1.5 N/A
Majority 10,302 24.3
Turnout 42,472 56.6 Increase 0.9
Labour hold Swing Increase 3.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

Note: percentage changes are from the figures at the 2001 general election, not the 2004 by-election.

General Election 2005: Birmingham Hodge Hill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Liam Byrne 13,822 48.6 Decrease 15.3
Liberal Democrat Nicola S. Davies 8,373 29.5 Increase 21.4
Conservative Deborah H. Thomas 3,768 13.3 Decrease 6.7
BNP Denis H. Adams 1,445 5.1 N/A
UKIP Adrian D. Duffen 680 2.4 Increase 1.4
Peace and Progress Azmat Begg 329 1.2 N/A
Majority 5,449 19.2
Turnout 28,417 52.7 Increase 4.8
Labour hold Swing Decrease 18.3
by-election 2004: Birmingham Hodge Hill
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Liam Byrne 7,451 36.5 Decrease 27.4
Liberal Democrat Nicola S. Davies 6,991 34.2 Increase 26.1
Conservative Stephen Eyre 3,543 17.3 Decrease 2.7
Respect John Rees 1,282 6.3 N/A
National Front Jim W. Starkey 805 3.9 N/A
English Democrat Mark K. Wheatley 277 1.4 N/A
Christian Vote George Hargreaves 90 0.4 N/A
Majority 460 2.3
Turnout 20,439 37.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: Birmingham, Hodge Hill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terry Davis 16,901 63.9 Decrease 1.7
Conservative Debbie A. Lewis 5,283 20.0 Decrease 4.0
Liberal Democrat Charles Dow 2,147 8.1 Decrease 0.4
BNP Lee Windridge 889 3.3 N/A
People's Justice Perwaz Hussain 561 2.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Dennis Cridge 284 1.1 N/A
UKIP Harvey B. Vivian 275 1.0 Decrease 0.9
Muslim Party Ayub Khan 125 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,618 43.9
Turnout 26,465 47.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Birmingham Hodge Hill[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terry Davis 22,398 65.6 Increase 12.0
Conservative Edward Grant 8,198 24.0 Decrease 12.3
Liberal Democrat Hadyn Thomas 2,891 8.5 Decrease 0.7
UKIP Peter Johnson 660 1.9 N/A
Majority 14,200 41.6 Increase 4.3
Turnout 34,147 60.9 Decrease 9.9
Labour hold Swing Increase 12.2
General Election 1992: Birmingham Hodge Hill[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terry Davis 21,895 53.6 Increase 4.9
Conservative Elizabeth Gibson 14,827 36.3 Decrease 0.6
Liberal Democrat Sean Hagan 3,740 9.2 Decrease 5.2
National Front Eddy Whicker 370 0.9 N/A
Majority 7,068 17.3 Increase 5.6
Turnout 40,832 70.8 Increase 2.1
Labour hold Swing Increase 2.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Birmingham Hodge Hill[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terry Davis 19,872 48.7 Increase 1.1
Conservative Stephen Eyre 15,083 37.0 Increase 1.7
Liberal Kenneth Hardeman 5,868 14.4 Decrease 1.5
Majority 4,789 11.7
Turnout 40,823 68.9 Increase 1.3
Labour hold Swing Decrease 0.3
General Election 1983: Birmingham Hodge Hill[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terry Davis 19,692 47.6 N/A
Conservative Peter Roe 14,600 35.3 N/A
Liberal Graham Gopsill 6,557 15.9 N/A
National Front Norman Tomkinson 529 1.3 N/A
Majority 5,092 12.3 N/A
Turnout 41,378 67.6 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ In the same way as by-election in Leicester South, held on the same day by the Labour Party
References
  1. ^ "Birmingham, Hodge Hill: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ 2001 Census
  5. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  6. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated and notice of poll". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14000563
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/086.htm
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 

External links[edit]