Bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase

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bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase
Bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase (bifunctional) homodimer, Human
EC no.
CAS no.9033-04-9
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2,3-bisphospho-D-glycerate + H2O 3-phospho-D-glycerate + phosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 2,3-bisphospho-D-glycerate and H2O, whereas its two products are 3-phospho-D-glycerate and phosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on phosphoric monoester bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2,3-bisphospho-D-glycerate 2-phosphohydrolase. Other names in common use include 2,3-diphosphoglycerate phosphatase, diphosphoglycerate phosphatase, 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid phosphatase, 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase, and glycerate-2,3-diphosphate phosphatase. This enzyme participates in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 7 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1YFK, 1YJX, 2F90, 2H4X, 2H4Z, 2H52, and 2HHJ.


  • JOYCE BK, GRISOLIA S (1958). "Studies on glycerate 2,3-diphosphatase". J. Biol. Chem. 233 (2): 350–4. PMID 13563500.
  • RAPOPORT S, LUEBERING J (1951). "Glycerate-2,3-diphosphatase". J. Biol. Chem. 189 (2): 683–94. PMID 14832286.