Brad Holland (artist)
|Born||Bradford Wayne Holland
Fremont, Ohio, United States
|Known for||illustration, fine artist|
Brad Holland (born 1943) is a self-taught artist whose work has appeared in Time, Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, Playboy, Rolling Stone, The New York Times, and many other national and international publications. Paintings by the artist have been exhibited in museums around the world, including one-man exhibitions at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Clermont-Ferrand, France; The Museum of American Illustration, New York City.
Born in Fremont, Ohio, Holland began sending drawings to Walt Disney, as well as the Saturday Evening Post at the age of 15. At 17, after receiving a box of his drawings back from Disney with a Mickey Mouse masthead rejection letter as well as numerous rejection letters from the Saturday Evening Post, Holland traveled by bus to Chicago where he found odd jobs, including sweeping the floor of a tattoo parlor. At age 20 the artist was hired by Hallmark in Kansas City to illustrate books as a staff artist. Among the books he would illustrate for Hallmark was A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. In 1967 at age 23, Holland moved to New York City to pursue a career as a full-time freelance illustrator.
Although Holland's first prominent editorial art work appeared in Avant Garde Magazine in 1968 under the art direction of Herb Lubalin, the two significant milestones in Holland's early career were becoming a regular contributor to Playboy starting in 1967 and in 1970 establishing himself as a frequent contributor to The New York Times Op-Ed Page. At Playboy, his talent was first recognized by art director Art Paul, who after seeing the artists work invited him to become a monthly contributor. Hollands' monthly contributions to Playboy accompanied the Ribald Classics series. At The New York Times, Holland was brought in by Jean-Claude Suares, the first art director of the Op-Ed page and who is credited with bringing the first works of illustration to the editorial page of the New York Times. Holland's contributions to the Times Op-Ed page were seen as a fundamental shift in how illustration could be used in print, as more often than not Holland treated the art and text as two separate elements.
In 1969 Holland and Steven Heller founded the short-lived Asylum Press, created to represent and promote the work of artists and designers to underground and alternative press resources. After the failure of New York Review Of Sex, Heller became the art director of Screw: The Sex Review, for which Holland did some covers.
Holland's drawings, in particular those about the Nixon administration's Watergate scandal, became the single largest body of work to be published in the first book of Op-Ed art: The Art of the Times, edited by Jean-Claude Suares and published in 1973 by Darien House. In the same year, Holland would accompany Suares when the art director arranged an exhibition of Op-Ed art from The Times at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris.
By 1986, the artist was so firmly established as a prominent presence in the graphics community that The Washington Post said Holland was "the undisputed star of American Illustration". Writing for Print Magazine, Author Steven Heller wrote, "As Pollock redefined plastic art, Holland has radically changed the perception of illustration".
In Holland's ink drawings, which were most prominently featured on the Op-Ed page of the New York Times, the artist has credited German Satirist Heinrich Kley and Austrian expressionist Alfred Kubin as having significantly informed his own black and white work. The artist also sites Mexican muralism of the 1920s as being of significant inspiration and in particular "Los Tres Grandes" (the three great ones): Rivera, Orozco and Siqueiros. The artist also credits the short story writings of Nathaniel Hawthorne as having influenced his sensibilities.
While the use of visual metaphor is now taken for granted in the world of illustration, when Holland entered the field this was not the case. It was the accepted standard of the time (1968) that art directors dictated or inferred what they wanted an illustrator to create as a finished assignment. When Holland entered the illustration field, his philosophy was entirely different than what his predecessors had accepted as common practice. He vowed to never render anyone else's idea but rather always find a better, more personal solution to any illustration assignment he might accept. There are several illustrators whose work brought about a fundamental and lasting change in this dictatorial method of art direction and Holland can be counted among the first. The New York Times art director Jean-Claude Suares can also take a great deal of credit in this fundamental curatorial change to the way that illustration was viewed from a top-down 'do as you are told' profession to a more artist-driven form of artistic communication. In the New York Times obituary for Suares, Holland is quoted as saying he (Suares) "gave us an opportunity to redefine what graphic art could be and do".
When Holland first worked with Harrison Salisbury at the New York Times he said "imagine you’ve locked the writer in one room and me in another and given us both the same assignment. The writer will give you an article, I’ll give you a picture; you marry the two." Because of Hollands' artistic philosophy of the time, the long-standing assumption that commercial illustration should simply reinforce the text was to quickly come to an end and his artistic legacy would be largely founded on those historical milestones.
By the mid 1970s Hollands use of visual metaphor, known by this point as "conceptual illustration", was so firmly established and pervasive that Op-Ed art director Steven Heller said that only 25 percent of Op-Ed artists knew the content of the articles their work was to accompany.
In 1999, Holland and a small group of artists founded The Illustrators' Partnership of America (IPA). The initial goal of the IPA was to heighten artistic awareness regarding the growing influence of stock illustration houses, and how those businesses might potentially devalue art by offering art buyers the on-demand opportunity to purchase rights to art works for pennies on the dollar, compared to what they were previously accustomed to paying. The IPA viewed the rise of stock illustration as the single most destructive development in the history of the commercial art profession. The solution to this as advocated by Holland and the IPA was a rights management agency run by artists that could co-exist with labor and antitrust laws
In 2007, The American Society of Illustrators Partnership (ASIP) was established as an initiative of The Illustrators' Partnership of America with Holland as a founding board member. The primary stated purpose of the ASIP was to educate its members and others regarding the rights of illustrators to receive royalties and licensing fees for the use of their work.
In 2008, Holland and fellow Illustration Partnership of America (IPA) board member Cynthia Turner submitted comments to The Committee on the Judiciary, regarding The Orphan Works Bill of 2008 and its potential threat to artist rights. While the bill did pass the Senate, and gained wide support in the publishing community it lost support in the House of Representatives and failed passage.
As an indirect consequence of the IPA involvement in the Orphaned Works Bill of 2008, the IPA was sued for one million dollars in 2008 for defamation by the Graphic Artists Guild (GAG), with Holland listed as the primary defendant. The GAG asserted claims for defamation and interference with contractual relations, alleging that IPA had interfered with a "business relationship" GAG had entered into that enabled GAG to collect orphaned reproduction royalties derived from the licensing of illustrators' work. GAG alleged that efforts by IPA to create a collecting society to return lost royalties to artists "interfered" with GAG's "business" of collecting these orphaned fees. Regarding a primary issue in the lawsuit: that GAG had appropriated over one and a half million dollars of illustrators' royalties "surreptitiously", the judge presiding over the case ruled that the statement by IPA was true, and that a defamation case could not go forward based on a statement of fact. The case against IPA and Holland was over-turned. Interestingly, in 2000 the GAG had awarded Holland the Walter Hortens Distinguished Service Award for his articles and speeches on the effects of stock illustration agencies on the freelance illustration business.
In 2012, the U.S Copyright Office engaged the Orphan Works issue again, specifically Orphaned Works and Mass Digitization. Holland and fellow IPA board Member Cynthia Turner once again represented the IPA by reiterating their earlier stance that copyright reform advocates are doing so because they wish to see nation's copyright wealth transfer from individuals to a few select corporations.
Awards and honors
- Hamilton King Award, Society of Illustrators (1991)
- Illustrator Hall of Fame, Society of Illustrators (2005) 
- In the permanent collection of the Society of Illustrators.
- To date, 25 Gold Medals, Society of Illustrators
- "Trichodist Article". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Gallo, Irene (2008-11-24). "Interview with Brad Holland". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "A Christmas Carol, published by Hallmark Cards". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Span, Paula (1986). "A Portrait of the Star of American Illustrators". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "Artist Profiles". 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Heller, Steven (2005). "Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "Ribald Classics". 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Heller, Steven (2015-05-08). "Jean-Claude Suares, 71, a Daring Times Op-Ed Artis". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Op-Ed at 40. The New York Times. September 25, 2010. Event occurs at 2:52.
- Heller, Steven (May 15, 2014). "Taking Asylum in Cartoons". Print Magazine.
- Heller, Stephan (July 26, 2012). "The New York Review of What?". Print Magazine.
- "Jean-Claude Suares, Daring Illustrator of The Times's Op-Ed Page, Dies at 71". NY Times. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- "Jean-Claude Suares". 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Richard P. Clark; Pamela Fehl (1 January 2009). Career Opportunities in the Visual Arts. Infobase Publishing. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-4381-1089-9.
- Heller, Steven (1989). "Brad Holland".
- Kraus, Jerelle (2012-06-01). All The Art That's Fit To Print. Columbia University Press. p. 27. ISBN 0231138253. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Visual Metaphors Online Illustration Class".
- Davies, Jo. "Interview with Brad Holland".
- New York Media, LLC (14 March 1977). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. pp. 50–. ISSN 0028-7369.
- Steven Heller. "Interview with Brad Holland". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "ASIP Board Members". Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "ASIP Certificate of Incorporation" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Andrew Albanese (May 8, 2013). "Publishers Weekly".
- Heller, Steven (May 10, 2011). "Illustration and the Law". Print Magazine.
- "Yaneff Artist Profile". Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Orphan Works 2012 Copyright Office". Retrieved 2014-06-03.
- "IPA reply to 2012 Copyright Office Notice of Inquiry" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Chua-Eoan, Howard. "The People Behind Person of the Year". Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Crazy Horse Postage Stamp". Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Odeon Theater Vienna Paradiso". Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Serapions Fable Odeon Theater". Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- Brad Holland (July 1, 1996). "Express Yourself, It's Later Than You Think".
- "Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame". 2015.
- "Society of Illustrators History". Retrieved 2014-06-05.