British Columbia Highway 97

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Highway 97 shield

Highway 97
Okanagan Highway
Cariboo Highway
John Hart Highway
Alaska Highway
Route information
Length: 2,081 km (1,293 mi)
Existed: 1953 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 97 at the Canada–United States border near Osoyoos
  BC 3 in Osoyoos
BC 3A in Kaleden
BC 97C in Peachland
BC 33 in Kelowna
BC 6 in Vernon
BC 97A in Spallumcheen
BC 1 in Monte Creek
BC 5 in Kamloops
BC 1 in Cache Creek
BC 99 near Cache Creek
BC 24 in 93 Mile House
BC 20 in Williams Lake
BC 26 in Quesnel
BC 16 in Prince George
BC 29 in Chetwynd
BC 2 in Dawson Creek
BC 29 in Charlie Lake
BC 77 near Fort Nelson
North end: Hwy 1 at the Yukon border
Location
Districts: Summerland, Peachland, Lake Country, 100 Mile House, Chetwynd, Taylor
Major cities: Penticton, West Kelowna, Kelowna, Vernon, Kamloops, Williams Lake, Quesnel, Prince George, Dawson Creek, Fort St. John
Towns: Osoyoos, Oliver, Cache Creek, Fort Nelson
Highway system

British Columbia provincial highways

BC 95A BC 97A

Highway 97 is the longest continuously numbered route in the Canadian province of British Columbia (and the longest provincial highway in any province), running 2,081 km (1,293 mi) from the Canada–United States border near Osoyoos in the south to the British Columbia/Yukon boundary in the north at Watson Lake, Yukon. The route takes its number from U.S. Route 97, with which it connects at the international border. The highway was initially designated '97' in 1953.

Route description[edit]

Okanagan Highway[edit]

Okanagan Highway passing through Lake Country, north of Kelowna

The Okanagan Highway is a 189 km (117 mi) section of Highway 97 between the international border and the junction of Highway 97A north of Vernon. It is named for the Okanagan region of British Columbia, through which it largely passes. It begins in the south at the international border crossing north of Oroville, and travels 4 km (2.5 mi) north to its junction with the Crowsnest Highway at Osoyoos. The highway travels north for 47 km (29 mi), passing through the Testalinden Creek Landslide and the communities of Oliver and Okanagan Falls. From Okanagan Falls, Highway 97 runs near the western shore of Skaha Lake before arriving at the locality of Kaleden, where Highway 3A diverges west.

13 km (8.1 mi) north of Kaleden, Highway 97 arrives at the city of Penticton. North of Penticton, Highway 97 follows the western shore of Okanagan Lake for 45 km (28 mi), through the communities of Summerland and Peachland, before reaching its junction with Highway 97C just south of Westbank. From there, Highway 97 passes through West Kelowna and reserve lands belonging to the Westbank First Nation until, 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the 97C junction, Highway 97 begins to cross Okanagan Lake via the William R. Bennett Bridge. The highway enters the city of Kelowna upon landfall on the east shore of the lake. 6 km (3.7 mi) east into the city centre, the highway reaches its junction with Highway 33. As the Okanagan is a highly popular travel destination and also has the highest population in inland B.C. (about 300,000), this section of highway 97 is by far the busiest. Congestion is frequent - particularly near the William Bennet Bridge, and Southbound towards West Kelowna.

Four kilometres (2½ mi) north of the Highway 33 junction, Highway 97 leaves the urbanized area of Kelowna (the municipal boundary is actually a further 12 km, 7 mi, north). For the next 43 km (27 mi), the route travels well east of Okanagan Lake, passing through the community of Winfield. Prior to 2013, the highway ran alongside the west shore of Wood Lake to Oyama. A new 9 km (5.6 mi) section of four-lane highway was constructed and opened to traffic at that time, which bypasses Oyama entirely to the north. The original section of the highway skirting the western shore of Wood Lake is now known as Pelmewash Parkway. Both Oyama and Winfield lie within the municipality of Lake Country.

Highway 97 then passes along the west shore of Kalamalka Lake before entering the city of Vernon and a junction with Highway 6 just south of the city centre. The highway then travels north for 10 km (6.2 mi) to a junction with Highway 97A near Swan Lake.

Vernon-Kamloops-Cache Creek[edit]

This diagram illustrates the wrong-way concurrency between Highways 5 and 97 through Kamloops. Example of road sign

Highway 97 continues northwest from Highway 97A for 81 km (50 mi), past the town of Falkland, before it merges onto the Trans-Canada Highway at Monte Creek, and is known as the Vernon-Monte Creek Highway. The highway follows Highway 1 for 105 km (65 mi) west to Cache Creek. As it travels westward, Highways 1 and 97 parallel the Thompson River, passing through the city of Kamloops, where the route shares a 12 km (7.5 mi) wrong-way concurrency with Highway 5 (signed as 97 North and 5 South and vice versa) and intersects Highway 5A.

Cariboo Highway[edit]

The Cariboo Highway section of Highway 97, between Cache Creek and Prince George, is 441 km (274 mi) in length and named for the Cariboo region, through which it travels. Much of its length as far as Quesnel follows approximately the route of the original Cariboo Wagon Road, which was also known as the Queen's Highway. The Cariboo Wagon Road's lower stretches between Yale and Cache Creek were severed in many places by the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s. That section, now part of the Trans-Canada, was rebuilt in the 1920s, when the name Cariboo Highway was first applied to the route, a designation which ran from Yale to Prince George, British Columbia (where portions of the route survive as the Old Cariboo Highway). Today the Cariboo Highway designation begins at Cache Creek, veering north for 11 km (6.8 mi) to its junction with Highway 99. North of Highway 99, Highway 97 travels 92 km (57 mi) through Clinton, where the British Columbia Railway begins to roughly parallel Highway 97, as well as through the community of 70 Mile House before reaching a junction at 93 Mile House with Highway 24 (the Interlakes Highway).

Over the 100 km (62 mi) of road north of Highway 24, Highway 97 travels through 100 Mile House and 150 Mile House before reaching the city of Williams Lake and a junction with Highway 20, which runs west across the Chilcotin District to Bella Coola on the Central Coast. Over the next 120 km (75 mi) continuing generally northward, the highway passes through McLeese Lake and Marguerite. En route, Highway 97 follows the east bank of the Fraser River to the city of Quesnel, and a junction with Highway 26. Over the next 115 km (71 mi) north of Quesnel, after passing through the hamlets of Strathnaver, Hixon, Stoner and Red Rock, Highway 97 meets its junction with Highway 16 at Prince George. North of here, the highway veers away from the Fraser River, and the British Columbia Railway veers northwestward from it.

The term Cariboo Highway originally applied to the reconstructed route from Hope through the Fraser Canyon to Cache Creek and Prince George. Constructed in 1924-25, the new gravel toll highway opened in 1926, giving road access to canyon communities cut off since the destruction of parts of the Cariboo Road by construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s. The Cariboo Highway designation for the Fraser Canyon portion of the route was supplanted with the completion and naming of the Trans-Canada Highway c.-1962. Portions of the old highway survive as local streets, some carrying the name Old Cariboo Highway (as in Prince George).

John Hart Highway[edit]

The John Hart Highway

This 405 km-long (252 mi) stretch of Highway 97, named for former British Columbia Premier John Hart, begins at Prince George, travelling for 152 km (94 mi) north through the small hamlet of Summit Lake, which is situated at the Continental Divide, as well as through Crooked River Provincial Park, Bear Lake and McLeod Lake, to its intersection with Highway 39. It then journeys northeast another 150 km (93 mi) through the Continental Divide, at which point the time zone changes from Pacific Time to Mountain Time. After emerging from the Pine Pass, the highway generally follows the Pine River northeast to its intersection with Highway 29 at the town of Chetwynd. After a trek of another 97 km (60 mi) east, the Hart Highway terminates at Dawson Creek.

Alaska Highway[edit]

Main article: Alaska Highway

This northernmost section of Highway 97 is 965 km (600 mi) long, and travels north through largely unpopulated wilderness, intersecting the communities of Fort St. John and Fort Nelson, the latter being just east of the junction of Highway 77, travelling north to the Northwest Territories. Here, the highway veers generally northwestward into wilderness spotted with tiny localities. As it passes over the Rocky Mountains, the highway parallels the Liard River before terminating just over the BC/Yukon boundary at Watson Lake, where the Alaska Highway is numbered as Yukon Highway 1.

Major intersections[edit]

From south to north:[1][2]

Regional district Location km[3] mi Exit Destinations Notes
Continues as US 97 south – Oroville, Omak, Wenatchee, Ellensburg
Okanagan-Similkameen 0.00 0.00 Canada–United States border
Okanagan Highway segment begins
Osoyoos 4.50 2.80 BC 3 (Crowsnest Highway) – Grand Forks, Castlegar, Princeton, Hope, Vancouver Former south end of BC 3A concurrency.
Oliver 24.53 15.24 Fairview Road
Okanagan Falls 45.60 28.33 9th Avenue
Main Street
BC 97 branches west, then turns north.
Kaleden 51.67 32.11 BC 3A west – Keremeos, Princeton, Vancouver Former north end of BC 3A concurrency.
Penticton 59.84 37.18 Airport Road – Penticton Regional Airport
60.41 37.54 Skaha Lake Road
Channel Parkway
BC 97 branches north.
63.35 39.36 Fairview Road, Green Mountain Road – Apex Mountain Resort
65.19 40.51 Eckhardt Avenue – Naramata
Vess Drive
BC 97 branches west.
66.04 41.04 Westminster Avenue BC 97 turns north west of Westminster Ave.
66.82 41.52 Burnaby Avenue
Summerland 75.38 46.84 Johnson Road
80.03 49.73 Prairie Valley Road, Solly Road
80.98 50.32 Rosedale Avenue
Central Okanagan Peachland 101.81 63.26 Princeton Avenue, Beach Avenue
103.91 64.57 Ponderossa Drive, 13th Street
104.25 64.78 Clements Crescent
109.01 67.74 BC 97C west (Okanagan Connector) – Merritt, Hope, Vancouver Drought Hill interchange
West Kelowna 111.14 69.06 Glenrosa Road Glenrosa Road interchange
BC 97 turns east
112.64 69.99 West end of one-way couplets
113.01 70.22 Elliott Road
113.41 70.47 Old Okanagan Highway
113.66 70.63 East end of one-way couplets
Westbank
First Nation
113.83 70.73 Gosset Road, Gellatly Road
114.59 71.20 Butt Road
117.31 72.89 Daimler Drive
West Kelowna 118.97 73.92 Ross Road
119.81 74.45 Westlake Road, Hudson Road Interchange proposed[4]
Westbank
First Nation
121.69 75.61 Boucherie Road, Horizon Drive Interchange proposed[4]
119.81 74.45 Hudson Road, Westside Road Westside Road interchange
124.33 77.26 Campbell Road Campbell Road interchange
↑ / ↓ 124.74–
125.81
77.51–
78.17
William R. Bennett Bridge across Okanagan Lake
Kelowna 126.32 78.49 Abbot Street West end of Harvey Avenue
126.56 78.64 West end of HOV lanes[5]
Pandosy Street, Water Street
126.75 78.76 Ellis Street
127.11 78.98 Richter Street
127.53 79.24 Ethel Street
127.94 79.50 Gordon Drive
128.77 80.01 Burch Road
129.58 80.52 Spall Road
130.40 81.03 Cooper Road
130.82 81.29 Dilworth Drive East end of Harvey Avenue
BC 97 turns northeast.
131.51 81.72 Leckie Road
132.36 82.24 BC 33 east – Big White Ski Resort, Rock Creek
East end of HOV lanes[5]
133.16 82.74 Enterprise Way, Leathead Road
133.93 83.22 McCurdy Road
136.38 84.74 Sexsmith Road, Old Vernon Road BC 97 turns north.
138.19 85.87 John Hindle Drive – UBC Okanagan Northbound exit, southbound entrance
139.08 86.42 University Way – UBC Okanagan No northbound exit
140.31 87.18 Airport Way – Kelowna International Airport Interchange proposed[6]
146.85 91.25 Commonwealth Road
Lake Country 148.29 92.14 Beaver Lake Road, Glenmore Road
149.95 93.17 Pollard Road
149.33 92.79 Berry Road
152.17 94.55 Woodsdale Road, Oceola Road
152.67 94.86 Pelmewash Parkway Wood Lake interchange
Northbound exit, southbound entrance
160.51 99.74 Pelmewash Parkway, Gatzke Road Gatzke Road interchange
North Okanagan Vernon 176.27 109.53 College Way, Clerke Road – Coldstream
178.17 110.71 16th Avenue South end of 32nd Street.
179.34 111.44 BC 6 east / 25th Avenue – Lumby, Nakusp, Nelson
179.34 111.44 30th Avenue
179.52 111.55 32nd Avenue
180.05 111.88 39th Avenue
181.44 112.74 48th Avenue – Silver Star Mountain Resort North end of 32nd Street.
183.02 113.72 27th Street Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Spallumcheen Township 188.97 117.42 BC 97A north – Armstrong, Enderby, Salmon Arm, Sicamous Swan Lake interchange
BC 97 branches west
Okanagan Highway segment ends • Vernon-Monte Creek Highway segment begins
194.64 120.94 Westside Road
Columbia-Shuswap Falkland 224.31 139.38 Chase-Falkland Road
Thompson-Nicola Monte Creek 269.71 167.59 399 BC 1 east (Trans-Canada Highway) – Salmon Arm, Revelstoke, Banff, Calgary Hwy 97 interchange
East end of BC 1 concurrency
Vernon-Monte Creek Highway segment ends • BC 97 south exits freeway using Exit 399.
271.74 168.85 396[i]
397[ii]
Hook Road Hook Road interchange
Kamloops 278.29 172.92 390[i]
391[ii]
Lafarge Road Tumbleweed interchange
281.98 175.21 386[i]
388[ii]
Kokanee Way Kokanee Way interchange
286.65 178.12 384 Kipp Road, Dallas Drive, Barnhartvale Road Nina Place/Kipp Road interchange
Westbound exit and entrance
287.05 178.36 384 Kipp Road, Dallas Drive, Barnhartvale Road Eastbound right-in/right-out
289.84 180.10 Grand Boulevard
290.70 180.63 Tanager Road
291.65 181.22 River Road
292.39 181.68 Highland Road
293.20 182.19 Oriole Road
294.03 182.70 Vicars Road
269.71 167.59 East end of freeway
375 Battle Street – City Centre Valleyview interchange
No eastbound exit
295.71 183.75 374 YellowheadShield.jpg BC 5 north (South Yellowhead Highway) – Sun Peaks, Clearwater, Jasper, Edmonton Yellowhead interchange
East end of BC 1 / BC 5 concurrency
299.20 185.91 370 Summit Drive – City Centre Springhill interchange
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
300.13 186.49 369 Columbia Street – City Centre Sagebrush interchange
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
301.08 187.08 368 BC 5A south / Hillside Way – Merritt Sagebrush interchange
301.87 187.57 367 Pacific Way Pacific Way interchange
303.55 188.62 366 Copperhead Drive, Lac le Jeune Road Copperhead interchange
307.78 191.25 362 YellowheadShield.jpg BC 5 south (Coquihalla Highway) – Merritt, Hope, Vancouver Afton interchange
West end of BC 1 / BC 5 concurrency
BC 1 concurrency continues
West end of freeway • BC 1 west / BC 97 north exits freeway using Exit 362.
Savona 339.08 210.69 Savona Access Road
343.29 213.31 Savona Access Road
343.74 213.59 Savona Bridge (Kamloops Lake Bridge) across Thompson River
Cache Creek 379.77 235.98 BC 1 south (Trans-Canada Highway) – Lytton, Spences Bridge, Hope, Vancouver
BC 97C south – Ashcroft, Logan Lake, Merritt, Kelowna
West end of BC 1 concurrency
BC 97 branches north
Caribou Highway segment begins
390.79 242.83 BC 99 south (Duffy Lake Road) – Lillooet, Whistler, Vancouver
Clinton 419.36 260.58 Kelly Lake Road
Cariboo 93 Mile House 483.10 300.18 BC 24 east (Interlakes Highway) – Little Fort
100 Mile House 491.57 305.45 Horse Lake Road, Alpine Avenue
492.53 306.04 1st Street
492.92 306.29 Exter Station Road
Lac La Hache 510.53 317.23 Spring Lake Road
150 Mile House 568.44 353.21 Likely Road
Williams Lake 582.63 362.03 BC 20 west (Chilcotin-Bella Coola Highway) – Alexis Creek, Bella Coola
Oliver Street
BC 97 branches north.
583.94 362.84 Carson Drive
587.14 364.83 Mackenzie Avenue
Red Bluff 695.62 432.24 Maple Drive
696.41 432.73 Cedar Avenue, Larch Avenue
Quesnel 699.43 434.61 Northstar Road Northstar Road interchange
700.22 435.10 Quesnel River Bridge across Quesnel River
701.25 435.74 Carson Avenue, Moffat Approach – Nazko BC 97 branches west.
701.80 436.08 Front Street BC 97 branches north.
706.93 439.27 BC 26 east (Barkerville Highway) / Airport Road – Quesnel Airport, Wells, Barkerville
Fraser-Fort George 809.32 502.89 To BC 16 east / Old Cariboo Highway – Prince George Airport, McBride, Jasper
Prince George 813.95 505.77 Sintich Road
814.84 506.32 Boundary Road Proposed BC 16 bypass[7]
817.72 508.11 Terminal Boulevard
818.70 508.72 Railway Road
700.22 435.10 Simon Fraser Bridge across Fraser River
819.72 509.35 Queensway, Ferry Avenue Grade separated.
821.04 510.17 YellowheadShield.jpg BC 16 (Yellowhead Highway) – Terrace, Prince Rupert, Jasper, Edmonton
Caribou Highway segment ends • John Hart Highway segment begins
821.74 510.61 Massey Drive, Pine Centre Road Massey Drive interchange
822.26 510.93 22nd Avenue
823.00 511.39 15th Avenue
823.56 511.74 10th Avenue
824.14 512.10 5th Avenue
824.77 512.49 John Hart Bridge across Nechako River
825.32 512.83 North Nechako Road North Nechako Road interchange
827.90 514.43 Northwood Pulpmill Road
832.00 516.98 Monterey Road
833.57 517.96 Austin Road
834.64 518.62 Handlen Road
835.51 519.16 Chief Lake Road
977.42 607.34 BC 39 north (Mackenzie Highway) – Mackenzie
↑ / ↓ 1,015.72 631.14 Pine Pass – el. 933 m (3,061 ft)
Peace River Chetwynd 1,125.54 699.38 BC 29 north (Don Phillips Way) / 50th Street SW – W. A. C. Bennett Dam, Hudson's Hope, Fort St. John West end of BC 29 concurrency
1,128.46 701.19 BC 29 south (Don Phillips Way) – Tumbler Ridge East end of BC 29 concurrency
Dawson Creek 1,223.94 760.52 Dangerous Goods Route, Road 94 – Fort St. John, Pouce Coupe Dawson Creek bypass
1,225.37 761.41 BC 2 east to BC 49 – Spirit River, Pouce Coupe, Grande Prairie, Edmonton BC 97 branches northwest
John Hart Highway segment ends • Alaska Highway segment begins
1,227.73 762.88 Road 94 – Pouce Coupe, Prince George Dawson Creek bypass
1,278.85 794.64 Taylor Bridge across Peace River
Taylor 1,280.85 795.88 Pine Avenue
1,287.95 800.30 Road 255 – North Peace Regional Airport
Fort St. John 1,296.95 805.89 92A Street, 93rd Street, 85th Avenue
1,297.04 805.94 100th Street – Cecil Lake, Fairview
1,298.88 807.09 100th Avenue, Old Fort Road
1,300.87 808.32 Road 269
1,302.79 809.52 Road 271
Charlie Lake 1,305.00 810.89 Old Hope Road
1,309.56 813.72 BC 29 south (Don Phillips Way) – W. A. C. Bennett Dam, Hudson's Hope, Chetwynd
Wonowon 1,384.94 860.56 Historical mile post 101
Northern Rockies R.M. Fort Nelson 1,678.20 1,042.79 50 Street, Liard Street
1,706.52 1,060.38 BC 77 north (Liard Highway) – Fort Liard, Fort Simpson
1,819.57 1,130.63 Summit Pass – 1,267 m (4,157 ft)
1,877.00–
1,959.89
1,166.31–
1,217.82
Passes through Muncho Lake Provincial Park
1,985.48 1,233.72 Liard River Bridge across Liard River
2,045.67 1,271.12 Coal River Bridge across Coal River
Unorganized 2,128.1 1,322.3 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Enters the Yukon, remains as BC 97.
2,129.3 1,323.1 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Reenters British Columbia
2,132.0 1,324.8 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Reenters the Yukon
2,140.4 1,330.0 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Reenters British Columbia
2,142.2 1,331.1 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Reenters the Yukon
Unorganized
(Stikine Region)
2,144.6 1,332.6 British Columbia – Yukon border[8] Reenters British Columbia
2,159.23 1,341.68 Hyland River Bridge across Hyland River
Lower Post 2,179.23 1,354.11 Lower Post Road
2,189.47 1,360.47 British Columbia – Yukon border
Continues as Hwy 1 north (Alaska Highway) – Watson Lake, Whitehorse, Alaska
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  1. ^ a b c Eastbound exit number
  2. ^ a b c Westbound exit number

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Super, Natural British Columbia Road Map & Parks Guide (Map) (2010-2011 ed). Davenport Maps Ltd. in co-operation with Tourism British Columbia. § A-5, § A-6, § A-7, § A-8, § B-8, § C-8, § D-8, § D-9, § E-9, § E-8, § F-8, § G-8, § H-8, § H-9, § J-9, § K-9, § K-10, and § L-10.
  2. ^ British Columbia Road Atlas (2007 ed.). Oshawa, ON: MapArt Publishing Corp. pp. 9, 10, 11, 15, 18, 19, 28, 34, 44, 56, 57, 58, 59, 70, and 71.
  3. ^ Nicol, Matthew; Horel, Steve (July 2015). "Landmark Kilometre Inventory" (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Cypher Consulting. pp. 42–49, 401–461. 
  4. ^ a b Moore, Wayne (27 Feb 2016). "More interchanges coming - West Kelowna News". Castamet - Kelowna's Homepage. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "HOV Kelowna". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Kelowna International Airport". Airport Technology. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Chahal, Tony (29 April 2015). "New Bypass In Prince George?". CKPG-TV. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 4 July 2016.