Bucharest North railway station
|Căile Ferate Române|
|Location||Piața Gării de Nord, Bucharest, Romania|
M1 Line (Bucharest Metro)
M4 Line (Bucharest Metro)
|Structure type||terminal station|
Bucharest North railway station (Romanian: București Gara de Nord) is the main railway station in Bucharest and the largest railway station in Romania. The vast majority of mainline trains to and from Bucharest originate from Gara de Nord.
The station was built between 1868-1872, the foundation stone was set on September 10, 1868 in the presence of Carol I of Romania. The building is designed as a U-shaped structure. The first railways between Roman - Galați - Bucharest - Pitești were put in service on September 13, 1872. Between 1895-1896 a new wing of the station was built, which included a "Royal hall" due to the visit of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary. It was initially named Gara Târgoviștei, after the road nearby, Calea Târgoviștei ("Târgoviște Road", nowadays Calea Griviței) and took its current name in 1888.
The station and its surroundings were heavily bombed by the Allies in April 1944 during a campaign aimed at the Axis supply lines, since the station played an important part in the Romanian railway network and was the main departure point for troops headed to the Eastern Front.
There are currently 14 tracks and 8 platforms.
As of 2009, Gara de Nord served about 200 trains, including domestic trains operated by Căile Ferate Române, Regiotrans and Trans Feroviar calatori as well international trains to Hungary - Budapest, Bulgaria - Sofia, Varna and Burgas, Republic of Moldova - Chișinău, Ukraine - Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk and Chernivtsi, Austria - Vienna, Turkey - Istanbul, Russia - Moscow and Saratov, Belarus - Minsk.