Bucharest Metro Line M1

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Line M1
Piața Muncii
Iancului
Obor
Ștefan cel Mare
Piața VictorieiBucharest Metro Line M2M2
Gara de NordMainline rail interchange
BasarabMainline rail interchange
Line M4
Crângași
Petrache Poenaru
Grozăvești
Line M3
Eroilor
Izvor
Piața UniriiBucharest Metro Line M2M2
Timpuri Noi
Mihai Bravu
Dristor
Nicolae Grigorescu
Line M3
Titan
Costin Georgian
RepublicaMainline rail interchange
Pantelimon

M1 (31 km (19.3 mi))[1] is the first line of the Bucharest Metro, the first section having been opened on 16 November 1979. The M1 Line runs from Dristor 2 to Pantelimon. Between Nicolae Grigorescu and Eroilor it shares tracks with the M3. Due to Pantelimon only having one platform, most trains terminate at Republica, and only one in three terminates at Pantelimon. Although part of line M1, some Bucharest city tourist maps show this short section in a different colour from the rest of the line (usually black).

History[edit]

Construction of the line began in 1975, three years after the Bucharest Metro Committee was formed. The chosen route would run along the Dâmbovița river, from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea (today Petrache Poenaru), with the depot based at Ciurel. The ends of the line were factories, because the initial objective of the system was to transport people to the factories where they worked.

This section was opened on 16 November 1979 and was 8.63 kilometres (5.36 mi) long, however the first train didn't run until the 19th and the "official" opening by Nicolae Ceaușescu only happened on the 16th of December that year.

The second section of the line opened on the 28 December 1981 from Timpuri Noi to Republica, this time 10.1 kilometres (6.3 mi) long. A few extensions followed, namely the branch line from Eroilor to Industriilor (today Preciziei) in 1983, from Semănătoarea to Crângași in 1984 and then to Gara de Nord in 1987.[2] Also in 1987 the section between Gara de Nord and Dristor 2 was opened, however at the time this was considered the M3. This section was later integrated into the M1 and the Eroilor - Industriilor section became the M3. The newest part of the line is from Republica to Pantelimon, opened in 1990. As stated above, due to the size of Pantelimon station only roughly one in three trains terminate there, the rest terminating at Republica.

Rolling stock[edit]

The M1 line uses Bombardier Movia trains. These were introduced firstly on the M2 in 2000 before a second batch was introduced on the M1. The line also used to use Astra IVA trains from its inception until the 2010s when Metrorex started to phase out the old trains.

A Bombardier Movia train leaving Petrache Poenaru station.

Name Changes[edit]

Station Previous name(s) Years
Petrache Poenaru Semănătoarea 1979–2009
Costin Georgian Muncii 1981–1990
Nicolae Grigorescu Leontin Sălăjan 1981–1990

References[edit]

  1. ^ M1 Line Archived August 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.(Romanian)
  2. ^ "METROREX". www.metrorex.ro. Retrieved 2015-07-22.