Bullock's Pasadena from the street
|Location||401 S. Lake Ave.
Pasadena, California, United States
|Architect||Wurdeman and Becket|
|Architectural style||Streamline Moderne Art Deco|
|NRHP Reference #||96000776|
|Added to NRHP||July 12, 1996|
Bullock's Pasadena, located at 401 S. Lake Ave. in Pasadena, California, is a 240,000-square foot (21 368 m²) Streamline Moderne Art Deco architectural style building now in use as a Macy's department store.
The building was designed by noted Los Angeles architects Wurdeman & Becket, a partnership between Welton Becket and Walter Wurdemen. In addition to the building itself, the architects oversaw the design and installation of all aspects of the store's interior, from the wallpaper and display cases, to the unique mechanical conveyor system that delivered purchases directly to the parking lot.
This attention to detail reflected the architect's philosophy of "total design," or taking responsibility for master planning, engineering, interiors, fixtures and furnishings, landscape, signage and graphics. The department store was purposely crafted to evoke an atmosphere of a "home" or that of an exclusive country club, in keeping with the company president's vision.
The design and merchandising of store were unique and stood in contrast to many older department stores of the time. Bullock's Pasadena was among the first department stores in the country to be located outside of a downtown area and was intended to appeal to the emerging "carriage trade," or those shoppers arriving by automobiles. As such, the store was oriented toward an unheard of 6-acre (24,000 m2) parking lot located behind the structure.
The store's promoters touted it as the "store of tomorrow" and Arts and Architecture magazine described it as "one of the world's most modern buildings." In fact, the design was recipient of an AIA Merit Award in 1950.
The store's elegance and prestige was the impetus for a surge in commercial development on both sides of South Lake Avenue following the Second World War. Previously a residential street bounded by houses, the street was soon dotted with upscale shops, boutiques, national retailers and restaurants and became known as one of the premiere shopping destinations in the San Gabriel Valley.
The South Lake Avenue shopping district, in which Bullock's Pasadena was a major player, started to lose its luster in the late 1980s. While Pasadena's once-seedy Old Town district was reborn as a trendy shopping and entertainment district, once-proud South Lake Avenue lost much of its distinction.
Current use of building
On July 12, 1996, the building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places as No. 96000776. In May 2000, the city of Pasadena's Design Review Board granted approval for a redevelopment of the building as part of a new shopping area called "The Shops on Lake Avenue," a $33 million project, featuring specialty shops, 27,000 square feet (2,500 m2) of new restaurants and a new 300-space-parking garage, increasing parking capacity to nearly 1,200 spaces. Developed by Cleveland, Ohio-based Forest City Development California, Inc. and owned by Federated Department Stores, the project opened in the spring of 2002.
- Conyers, Patrick; Phillips, Cedar; and the Pasadena Museum of HistoryPasadena: A Business History.San Francisco, CA: Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
- Hayes, Elizabeth (March 2, 1998). "Macy's out to revitalize Pasadena's South Lake Avenue." Los Angeles Business Journal. http://www.allbusiness.com/sales/672651-1.html. Retrieved 2010-09-17.