|Full name||Club Sport Marítimo|
Os Leões do Almirante Reis
(The Lions of Almirante Reis)
O Maior das Ilhas
(The Greatest of the Islands)
|Founded||20 September 1910|
|Ground||Estádio dos Barreiros, Funchal|
|Website||Club home page|
Club Sport Marítimo, MH M, commonly known as Marítimo (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐˈɾitimu] locally [mɐˈɾitmu]), is a Portuguese sports club, founded in Funchal, Madeira, in 1910. The club is regarded as an important club in Portugal, and is widely known throughout the Portuguese speaking world, in countries such as Brazil, Angola, and Cape Verde. Marítimo is best known for its football team that currently plays in the top-flight competition, the I League. The club's reserve team, Marítimo B, compete in the II League. Aside from football, Marítimo also have teams in other sports competing in the national leagues, such as volleyball, handball, roller hockey and athletics. Marítimo supporters are nicknamed Maritimistas.
Marítimo have dominated Madeira's regional football scene since its establishment. The club hold one national title, the Campeonato de Portugal, won in 1926. After a long period without being able to participate in national championships, they finally made their appearance in 1973. Since then Marítimo was present for thirty-four times in Primeira Liga, was two times runners-up of the Taça de Portugal, was one time runners-up of the Taça da Liga, and participated eight times in the UEFA Cup/Europa League. The club also won the II Divisão twice.
Marítimo's most recent foray into European competition came in 2012, when they achieve the group stage of the Europa League. Nevertheless, Marítimo still maintain a proud home record against European opposition with victories over Rangers, Aarau and Leeds United. The football team has produced and featured many notable names in recent years, including Pepe of Real Madrid, Danny of FC Zenit and Nuno Valente, formerly of Everton, to name just a few. According to the ranking of the prestigious International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS) Marítimo is considered the fifth best Portuguese club of this century. This ranking also confirms the status of the Club Sport Marítimo as the best club in Madeira in the 21st century.
- 1 History
- 2 Colours and crest
- 3 Fans
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 Stadium
- 6 Honours
- 7 Players
- 8 Managers and head coaches
- 9 Statistics and records
- 10 Marítimo Chairmen
- 11 Other sports
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes and references
- 14 External links
Marítimo was founded on 20 September 1910 as Club Português de Sport Marítimo, by Cândido Fernandes de Gouveia. The club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag which had been replaced 15 days earlier. The name Marítimo, meaning Maritime in English, was used to reflect the fact that many of the team's players were workers of the nearby Funchal docks, a prominent employer at the time. The first ever match for Marítimo was a 2–1 win against Santa Clara, a select team composed of workers of Western Telegraph Company, and soon after began playing teams of sailors from visiting British ships. José Rodrigues Barrinhas, an old-fashioned attacking centre-half, made a name for himself in these games and in matches against rivals CS Madeira.
In 1921–22, the Portuguese clubs started playing a new national competition. The Campeonato de Portugal, played on a knock-out-basis (similar to the current Taça de Portugal), was the first national competition. After competing in the regional championships, the regional winners compete together to pick the Champion of Portugal. Fruit of the internal domain, Marítimo make 13 appearances in the 17 editions of the competition. After several attempts, the club finally won the Campeonato de Portugal in 1925–26. In the semi-final against F. C. Porto, Marítimo won by 7–1. In the final against C.F. Os Belenenses Marítimo won by 2–0. It was after this great achievement that Marítimo was called "The Greatest of the Islands".
In the early 1930s, the club faces a serious financial crisis, without putting in cause its supremacy in the regional competitions. However, in 1934, they create a new national competition called Primeira Liga, in which the teams outside the continental territory were excluded. Nevertheless, in 1938–39 the teams from the islands start to participate in Taça de Portugal, after the champions of Madeira and Azores play a qualification round between them. Being exclude from compete in the Primeira Liga, the club continues playing in regional competitions. It was in this period that the club won many of the Regional Championships. In 1950, the team made an amazing tour in Africa in which they made great achievements, raising high the name of the region.
Since 1934 the clubs of the Portuguese islands were excluded from participating in the national championships. However, after arduous negotiations with the Portuguese Football Federation, it was established that the winner in the regional championship of 1972–73, will play a qualifying round between the last of the II Divisão and the first of the III Divisão. Marítimo wins that regional championship and start to participate in the national championships. It was the first team from a Portuguese island to participate in the national championships. For the history stays the 35 Madeira Championships that Marítimo won between 1916–1973.
Marítimo was the first club outside continental territory to gain access to the First League in Portugal. Since then the club amassed 31 appearances in the higher tier of Portuguese football – being the 10th club with more appearances in the first league in its 77 editions. The consequences of long years without being able to compete regularly in national competitions were visible in the beginning. The fact that the island was not able to put teams in national competitions show the discrepancies in terms of infrastructures and organization between the regional and national reality. Yet the club in 1976–77 wins the II Divisão and rises to the Portuguese First Division, remaining there for over three seasons, thanks to the selflessness and race of its players. Due to the existing semi-professionalism and some logistical difficulties, the club is relegated to Second Division in 1980–81, rising immediately next season, winning for the second time the II Divisão. However this rises and falls, after two seasons the club return to Primeira Liga in the 1982–83. Since then the club remains in the Primeira Liga consolidating is status of a team that compete to achieve a European competition.
Until the early 1990s, the club's best result was 9th in season 1987–88. The entry of a young coach of 35 years, the ambitious Brazilian Paulo Autuori, allied to greater internal organization, make that in 1991–92 the club reached the 7th place, staying just outside a possible European qualification. In the 1992/1993 season lived up to the times called wonder-trio (Ademir, Edmilson and Jorge Andrade), betting on Autuori attractive football and with the third best attack of the League (56 goals). The qualification comes in the final round after a game against Boavista FC, with victory of Marítimo 3–2. In that same season is also important the home wins against Sporting Clube de Portugal (4–2) and against Gil Vicente FC (7–0). Again the club was a pioneer, being the first island team to achieve a qualification for a European event, under the 5th place achieved. Since then the club has been a constant presence in prominent places in the Portuguese championship, having consolidated its position of prominence.
In 1994–95, another great achievement was made when the club qualify to the final of the Taça de Portugal, after defeating Porto in the semi-finals by 1–0. Marítimo disputes the final against Sporting, losing by 2–0. Six years later, in 2000–01 season, Marítimo achieved the final again, after defeating Boavista in the semi-final by 1–0. This time Marítimo play the final against Porto, losing again by 2–0. However, Marítimo still remain the only club in Madeira that reached the final of Taça de Portugal.
Marítimo achieved a status of a club that struggles every season to reach a European competition. As of the 2011–12 season, the club has played 32 campaigns at the top level of Portuguese football, where they have competed continuously since 1985–86. The best ever league finish was 5th place obtain in 1992–93, and since then they had finish another five times in that position. Also Marítimo in the recent years is often seen in the European competitions, where recently got his eighth appearance in the Uefa Cup/Europa League. In the 2012–2013 season, Marítimo qualified for the first time for the group stage of the Europa League.
Colours and crest
Since the beginning the red and green is the official colours of the club. The club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag which had been replaced 15 days earlier.
Although there is no date or author, the first crest clearly refers to the maritime origins of the club, which is stated in the paddle, in the float, in the harpoon, and in the anchor. The ball of football in the badge represents the sport played in the club.
In 1921/22, a new crest was created by José Inês Ramos, a designer of an Embroidery House in Funchal. The new crest maintains the maritime roots of the club, expressed in a rudder. However a Lion was included in the new crest, which was seeing as a way of symbolizing the strength of the new Champion of Madeira. Since then the crest maintains the same, with only some small graphical chances.
Marítimo are known throughout the Portuguese speaking world and have significant fan bases in the former Portuguese colonies of Brazil, Angola, and Cape Verde, as well as areas of the Northeastern United States, Canada, the United Kingdom (specifically Jersey and London) and South Africa.
The club also has a big fans base in Venezuela, where sister club Club Sport Marítimo de Venezuela of Caracas have won several national Championships. The club was founded in 1959 by Portuguese immigrants living in Caracas, who based their new club on their favourite team from back home in Madeira. Even today, strong ties are kept between both clubs and supporters from either side of the Atlantic ocean. A similar situation is present in Cape Verde, where Marítimo (Porto Novo) play in the same green and red stripes when competing in the Santo Antão Island League (South).
Closer to home, the club has a proud reputation of being one of the most supported clubs in Portugal after the "big three", and the most popular club on their home island of Madeira, outranking local rivals Nacional and União. The club has over 9,000 registered members (sócios) and two predominant groups of Ultras, the Esquadrão Maritimista and the Ultras Templários, the bigger and more infamous of the two.
There are several famous fans of Marítimo who have publicly declared their support for the team on various occasions, such as the multimillionaire businessman Joe Berardo and Madeira's Regional Governor, the controversial politician Alberto João Jardim.
The club was used a political vehicle in the 1970s during Madeira's fight for freedom and autonomy from mainland Portugal. Governor Jardim proclaimed his support of the club in order to gain votes and the backing from the people of Madeira, while the people in turn supported Marítimo as a symbol of their pride and allegiance to Madeira.
Marítimo's main local rivals are Nacional, although there is also plenty of ill-feeling towards minnows União, who became in the last years the "third club of Madeira" after the aforementioned. The Madeira derby between Marítimo and Nacional is often associated with the clubs followers' differing culture and way of life. The fans of Nacional, being of a higher socio-economic status than those of Marítimo, are mainly lobbyists for the commercial expansion of Madeira, while the followers of Maritimo are usually of the working class. This only exacerbates the ill-feeling between the clubs, which is made even more tense by the fact that controversial regional governor Alberto João Jardim has used Marítimo as a political vehicle and to gain public popularity.
The rivalry heightened in the mid-1990s when Jardim proposed a plan to unite Madeira's three main clubs, who at the time were all competing in the top division. Nacional and União both pledged their support for the scheme, in a bid for Madeira to realistically contend with the "big three" for the league title; however, Marítimo's fans rejected the idea in mass numbers, stamping their superiority on Madeira's footballing scene.
Previously playing at the Campo do Almirante Reis until they moved out in 1927, Marítimo currently play their home games at the Estádio dos Barreiros, the municipality stadium of Funchal. The stadium was originally built by rival club Nacional but came into the hands of the local Government after the club fell into a financial crisis. Although uniquely picturesque the stadium is rapidly aging, despite numerous face lifts over the years, and for the best part of a decade the club has sought after an alternative site for a new stadium.
The club also own the Campo da Imaculada Conceição, a small stadium in the north of Funchal. The land it stands on was purchased by supporters and donated to the club who thus constructed the stadium, which was officially inaugurated on 3 October 1965. Situated adjacent to the club's Complexo Desportivo, the ground is used for B team-matches and for training sessions.
In October 2006, it was announced that the club would construct a new state-of-the-art stadium in the Praia Formosa area of West Funchal. However, after several delays and a political war over funding and planning, the stadium plans were put on hold indefinitely, adding to a list of set-backs that stretch well over a decade. The fact that archrivals Nacional were allowed to construct a new stand and training facility at their Estádio da Madeira (with government backing) angered Marítimo's fans even more.
A year later, on 14 September 2007, an agreement between the club's directors and the Madeiran government (of whom own a 40% share of the club) was reached to use the site of the current Estádio dos Barreiros as the location of a brand new, reconstructed commercial stadium. Work began on the new stadium on 20 July 2009, with the realigning of the pitch and demolition of the Bancada Nascente, reducing the capacity to 5,000 seats in the Bancada Central stand. Initial plans indicated that the stadium would be completed by 2011 but following the 2010 flooding disaster, the local government withdrew its funding and construction was halted. The club continued to use the stadium with only the Bancada Central usable as the other three sides of the pitch were incomplete. On 25 March 2013, the club opened a new museum and club shop adjacent to the stadium.
After a four-year hiatus, the local government pledged €12 million towards the project and construction of the stadium resumed in May 2014. The initial work focused on finishing the three stands that had been left incomplete from the previous work and so a further reduction in capacity was made, bringing the number of usable seats to just 4,500. The new stands were finished and open to the public in January 2015, with the first game being played in front of 7,000 spectators on 18 January against Benfica. The following week, demolition started on the Bancada Central to make way for the completion of the stadium project, which is estimated to be by December 2015. The current capacity of the stadium is 7,000, which will be boosted to 10,000 once the construction is complete.
The attendances of Marítimo's home games have been on a steady decline since the late 1990s, with the average attendance filling just half of the stadium's capacity in recent seasons. Nevertheless, the recent beginning of the work on the new stadium, on 20 July 2009, has reducing the current capacity to 5,000 seats. This also contributed to a decline on the attendances.
- Winners (1): 1925–26
- Runners-up (1): 2014–15
- Winners (35): 1916–17, 1917–18, 1921–22, 1922–23, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1935–36, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1957–58, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73
- Winners (25): 1946–47, 1947–48, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1997–98, 2006–07, 2008–09
As of 3 February 2016. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
B team squad
For B-team players, see C.S. Marítimo B.
Managers and head coaches
Current management team
|Ivo Vieira||Head Coach|
|Filipe Neto||Assistant Coach|
|José Manuel||Goalkeeping Coach|
Statistics and records
|Season||Div||Pos||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||Pts||Top league scorer||Goals||TP||TL||UEL|
- Last updated: 2 August 2015
- Div = Division; Pos = Position in Primeira Liga; Pld = Played; W = Won; D = Drawn; L = Lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; Pts = Points
- TP = Taça de Portugal (Portuguese Cup); TL = Taça da Liga (Portuguese League Cup); UEL = UEFA Europa League
- R5 = Fifth round R4 = Fourth round; R3 = Third round; R2 = Second round; R1 = First round; PO = Play-off; GS = Group stage; R64 = Round of 64; R32 = Round of 32; R16 = Round of 16; QF = Quarter-finals; SF = Semi-finals; RU = Runners-up; W = Winners
|1993–94||UEFA Cup||1||Royal Antwerp||2–2||0–2||2–4||1.0|
|1998–99||UEFA Cup||1||Leeds United||1–0||0–1||1–1 (1–4 p)||2.0|
|2001–02||UEFA Cup||Q||FK Sarajevo||1–0||1–0||2–0||4.0|
|2004–05||UEFA Cup||1||Rangers||1–0||0–1||1–1 (2–4 p)||2.0|
|2010–11||Europa League||2 Q||Sporting Fingal||3–2||3–2||6–4||4.0|
|3 Q||Bangor City||8–2||2–1||10–3|
|2012–13||Europa League||3 Q||Asteras Tripolis||0–0||1–1||1–1 (a)||8.0|
- Q = Qualification Round
- PUC = Points UEFA Coefficient
Like many other Portuguese clubs, Marítimo operates several sports teams outside of the football team. Although they are most recognisably successful in professional volleyball (See Marítimo volleyball), the club also field a prominent handball team (See Marítimo handball), a National Championship-winning women's basketball team and a popular futsal team (See Marítimo futsal). Other sports groups within the organisation include athletics, figure skating, fishing, futsal, karate, kart racing, rallying, rhythmic gymnastics, roller hockey, rugby union and swimming.
- C.S. Marítimo B
- C.S. Marítimo C
- C.S. Marítimo de Venezuela
- C.S. Marítimo (futsal)
- C.S. Marítimo (handball)
- C.S. Maritimo (volleyball)
Notes and references
- From 1922 to 1938, the Portuguese champion was determined in a knock-out competition called Campeonato de Portugal (Championship of Portugal). With the formation of the league, this competition later became the national cup (Portuguese Cup)
- "Campeonato de Portugal 1925/1926" (in Portuguese). zerozero.pt. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- Between 1934 and 1972, due to logistic problems and the difficulties traveling to the mainland, the clubs from the portuguese islands did not participate in the national championships
- Club Sport Marítimo arises in the European rankings in position 144, and in the world ranking in position 246.http://www.iffhs.de/?82c48d3171fd33400f06
- "Campeonato de Portugal" (in Portuguese). zerozero.pt. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- Lisboa, Agosto 2007 "Guia de Futebol 2007/2008", editado pelo Jornal Record, pág.112
- "Fascículo Nº 4 – Campeão de Portugal" (in Portuguese). Club Sport Marítimo. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- Liga Portuguesa :: Campeonato dos Campeonatos :: zerozero.pt
- Lisboa, Agosto 2007 "Guia de Futebol 2007/2008", editado pelo Jornal Record, pág.266
-  Average attendances from European-Football-Statistics.co.uk
-  Average attendances in the Portuguese League
- website (Portuguese)