Castellón (Spanish Congress electoral district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Castellón
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Castellón).png
Location of Castellón within Spain
Province Castellón
Autonomous community Valencian Community
Population 582,327 (2016)
Electorate 416,491 (2016)
Major settlements Castellón de la Plana, Villarreal
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5

Castellón (Valencian: Castelló) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects five deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Castellón is currently set at five. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Castellón 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 1 2
1st 1979
2 3
2nd 1982
3 2
3rd 1986
3 2
4th 1989
3 2
5th 1993
2 3
6th 1996
2 3
7th 2000
2 3
8th 2004
2 3
9th 2008
2 3
10th 2011
2 3
11th 2015
1 1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 106,746 35.68 +3.86 2 ±0
Valencian style (PodemosCompromísEUPV)1 72,281 24.16 –3.09 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 66,062 22.08 +0.56 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 44,121 14.75 –0.87 1 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,985 1.00 +0.27 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,069 0.69 +0.01
Total 299,204 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 299,204 98.97 +0.03
Invalid votes 3,120 1.03 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 302,324 72.59 –2.39
Abstentions 114,167 27.41 +2.39
Registered voters 416,491
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 98,474 31.82 –21.02 2 –1
It is time (PodemosCompromís)1 74,732 24.15 +20.14 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 66,590 21.52 –8.04 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 48,328 15.62 New 1 +1
United Left of the Valencian CountryPopular Unity in Common (EUPV–UPeC) 9,605 3.10 –2.19 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,093 0.68 –0.72
Total 309,485 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 309,485 98.94 +0.61
Invalid votes 3,330 1.06 –0.61
Votes cast / turnout 312,815 74.98 +2.24
Abstentions 104,382 25.02 –2.24
Registered voters 417,197
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 156,683 52.84 +3.86 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 87,657 29.56 –14.62 2 ±0
United Left of the Valencian CountryThe Greens: Plural Left (EUPV–EV) 15,692 5.29 +3.20 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 12,008 4.05 +3.49 0 ±0
Commitment CoalitionEquo (Compromís–Q)1 11,890 4.01 +3.00 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 3,687 1.24 +0.91 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,146 1.40 +0.32
Total 296,515 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 296,515 98.33 –0.93
Invalid votes 5,033 1.67 +0.93
Votes cast / turnout 301,548 72.74 –5.09
Abstentions 113,013 27.26 +5.09
Registered voters 414,561
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 155,549 48.98 +3.34 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 140,304 44.18 –0.42 2 ±0
United and Republican Left (EUPVIR) 6,635 2.09 –1.22 0 ±0
BlocInitiative–Greens (BNV–IdPV–EV–EE) 3,223 1.01 –1.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,416 1.08 –0.53
Total 317,596 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 317,596 99.26 +0.12
Invalid votes 2,362 0.74 –0.12
Votes cast / turnout 319,958 77.83 –0.58
Abstentions 91,123 22.17 +0.58
Registered voters 411,081
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 142,462 45.64 –8.15 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 139,236 44.60 +9.25 2 ±0
United Left of the Valencian CountryRepublican Left (Entesa) 10,322 3.31 –0.49 0 ±0
Valencian Nationalist Bloc–Green Left (BNV–EV) 6,325 2.03 –0.33 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,025 1.61 +0.29
Total 312,174 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 312,174 99.14 –0.02
Invalid votes 2,703 0.86 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 314,877 78.41 +4.71
Abstentions 86,682 21.59 –4.71
Registered voters 401,559
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 152,462 53.79 +7.32 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 100,177 35.35 –4.64 2 ±0
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 10,773 3.80 –3.80 0 ±0
Valencian Nationalist BlocThe Greens–Valencians for Change (BNV–EV)1 6,678 2.36 +0.12 0 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 3,511 1.24 –0.72 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,751 1.32 +0.47
Total 283,425 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 283,425 99.16 –0.22
Invalid votes 2,391 0.84 +0.22
Votes cast / turnout 285,816 73.70 –7.86
Abstentions 102,007 26.30 +7.86
Registered voters 387,823
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 140,578 46.47 +1.60 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 120,997 39.99 +0.40 2 ±0
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 23,003 7.60 +0.55 0 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 5,933 1.96 +0.21 0 ±0
Valencian People's UnionNationalist Bloc (UPV–BN) 4,341 1.43 –0.71 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,559 0.85 +0.20
Total 302,545 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 302,545 99.38 +0.16
Invalid votes 1,885 0.62 –0.16
Votes cast / turnout 304,430 81.56 +0.44
Abstentions 68,809 18.44 –0.44
Registered voters 373,239
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 128,916 44.87 +10.99 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 113,752 39.59 –2.09 2 –1
United Left of the Valencian Country (EU–PV) 20,250 7.05 +1.56 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 6,135 2.14 –0.32 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,867 2.04 –6.76 0 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 5,014 1.75 +0.47 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,881 0.65 –0.01
Total 287,322 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 287,322 99.22 +0.14
Invalid votes 2,267 0.78 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 289,589 81.12 +5.80
Abstentions 67,405 18.88 –5.80
Registered voters 356,994
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 106,223 41.68 –4.57 3 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 86,359 33.88 +0.52 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 22,428 8.80 –0.16 0 ±0
United LeftUnited Left of the Valencian Country (IU–EU) 14,004 5.49 +3.10 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 6,267 2.46 +0.31 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 3,753 1.47 +0.91 0 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 3,254 1.28 +0.76 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 3,042 1.19 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,673 0.66 +0.10
Total 254,870 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 254,870 99.08 +1.20
Invalid votes 2,366 0.92 –1.20
Votes cast / turnout 257,236 75.32 –2.51
Abstentions 84,268 24.68 +2.51
Registered voters 341,504
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 119,250 46.25 –3.37 3 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 86,032 33.36 +5.22 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 23,113 8.96 +6.25 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 6,447 2.50 New 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 6,155 2.39 –0.77 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 5,556 2.15 +1.54 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 3,961 1.54 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,450 0.56 +0.14
Total 257,863 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 257,863 97.88 +0.74
Invalid votes 5,593 2.12 –0.74
Votes cast / turnout 263,456 77.83 –8.11
Abstentions 75,040 22.17 +8.11
Registered voters 338,496
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 130,200 49.62 +13.94 3 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party–Valencian Union (APPDPUV)1 73,826 28.14 +24.65 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 33,547 12.79 –33.55 0 –3
Communist Party of the Valencian Country (PCE–PV) 8,280 3.16 –4.06 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,100 2.71 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 2,777 1.06 –1.03 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,089 0.42 +0.09
Total 262,382 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 262,382 97.14 –1.50
Invalid votes 7,736 2.86 +1.50
Votes cast / turnout 270,118 85.94 +7.23
Abstentions 44,182 14.06 –7.23
Registered voters 314,300
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 111,359 46.34 +11.02 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 85,727 35.68 +3.60 2 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 17,361 7.22 +1.33 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 8,382 3.49 –2.64 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 5,033 2.09 +1.14 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)4 2,913 1.21 +0.12 0 ±0
Blank ballots 791 0.33 +0.02
Total 240,299 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 240,299 98.64 +0.30
Invalid votes 3,302 1.36 –0.30
Votes cast / turnout 243,601 78.71 –6.82
Abstentions 65,893 21.29 +6.82
Registered voters 309,494
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Castellón
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 84,115 35.32 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 69,976 29.38 2
Centre Independent Candidacy (INDEP) 29,834 12.53 1
People's Alliance (AP) 14,596 6.13 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 14,029 5.89 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 6,430 2.70 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 5,515 2.32 0
Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (PSPV) 3,727 1.56 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 2,600 1.09 0
Blank ballots 750 0.31
Total 238,154 100.00 5
Valid votes 238,154 98.34
Invalid votes 4,032 1.66
Votes cast / turnout 242,186 85.53
Abstentions 40,975 14.47
Registered voters 283,161
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 40°10′N 0°10′W / 40.167°N 0.167°W / 40.167; -0.167