Cessna 210 Centurion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Cessna 210)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cessna 210 Centurion
A Cessna 210 Centurion
Role Light aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight January 1957[1]
Introduction 1957
Produced 1957-1986
Number built 9,240
Variants Cessna 205/206/207

The Cessna 210 Centurion is a six-seat, high-performance, retractable-gear, single-engined, high-wing general-aviation aircraft. First flown in January 1957, it was produced by Cessna until 1986.

Design and development[edit]

A 1960 model Cessna 210, showing the strut-braced wing used on the early-model 210
A Cessna T210L with the later models' strutless cantilever wing
Cessna T210L
Cessna T210M
A Cessna P210N Pressurized Centurion with its distinctive small windows
An updated Cessna T210 instrument panel
A 1967 Cessna 210G modified with a leading edge cuff and flaperons for improved low speed performance characteristics

The early Cessna 210 (210 and 210A) had four seats with a Continental IO-470 engine of 260 hp (190 kW). It was essentially a Cessna 182B to which was added a retractable landing gear, swept tail, and a new wing.[2] In 1961, the fuselage and wing were completely redesigned: The fuselage was made wider and deeper, and a third side window was added. The wing planform remained the same; constant 64-inch (160 cm) chord from centerline to 100 inches (250 cm) out, then straight taper to 44-inch (110 cm) chord at 208 inches (530 cm) from centerline, but the semi-Fowler flaps (slotted, rear-moving) were extended outboard, from wing station 100 to Wing station 122, which allowed a lower landing speed. FAA certification regulations state that a single-engined aircraft must have a flaps-down, power-off stall speed no greater than 70 miles per hour (110 km/h). To compensate for the reduced aileron span, the aileron profile was changed and its chord enlarged. The 1964 model 210D introduced a 285 hp (213 kW) engine and two small child seats, set into the cavity that contained the mainwheels aft of the passengers.

In 1967, the model 210G introduced a cantilever wing replacing the strut-braced wing. Its planform changed to a constant taper from root chord to tip chord. In 1970, the 210K became the first full six-seat model. This was achieved by replacing the flat leaf springs used for the retractable main landing gear struts (undercarriage) with tapered tubular steel struts of greater length. This allowed the tires to be nested farther to the rear of the fuselage, making room for the full-sized rear seats. In 1979, the 210N model eliminated the folding doors, which previously covered the two retracted main wheels. The tubular spring struts retract into shallow channels along the bottom of the fuselage and the wheels fit snugly in closed depressions on the underside of the fuselage. Some models featured deicing boots as an option.

The aircraft was offered in a normally aspirated version, designated the model 210, as well as the turbocharged T210 and the pressurized P210 versions. The Centurion II was an option introduced in 1970 with improved avionics, and was available in both normally aspirated and turbocharged versions (Turbo Centurion II)[1]

On 21 May 2012, the airworthiness authority responsible for the design, the US Federal Aviation Administration, issued an Emergency Airworthiness Directive requiring 3,665 of the cantilever-wing Cessna 210s to be inspected for cracks in the spar cap, wing spar, and wing. Aircraft with more than 10,000 hours of airframe time were grounded immediately pending a visual inspection.[3]

On 16 May 2019, a Cessna Model T210M airplane suffered an in-flight separation of the right wing. Preliminary investigations found cracking of the wing-spar carry-through where fatigue began from a small corrosion pit on the lower surface of the carry-through. Textron published a mandatory service letter (SEL-57-06) on June 24, 2019, to provide instructions for a detailed visual inspection of the wing carry-through spar. The FAA issued an Airworthiness Directive on 21 February 2020 mandating eddy current inspections of the carry-through spar lower cap, corrective action if necessary, application of a protective coating and corrosion inhibiting compound, and reporting the inspection results to the FAA. Since it shared a common carry-through design, the Cessna 177 Cardinal also received a similar mandatory service letter (SELF-57-07) and an airworthiness concern from the FAA.[4][5][6]


A wide range of modifications are available for the Cessna 210, including:

  • Aeronautical Engineers Australia has developed a life extension package for 210s suffering from wing-spar carry-through beam corrosion.[7]
  • Crownair Aviation developed a Centurion Edition T210, which is a remanufactured aircraft introduced in November 2008 that features a glass cockpit and new engine along with other minor refinements.[8]
  • Griggs Aircraft Refinishing offers a Rolls-Royce Model 250 turboprop conversion of the T210 and P210N known as the "Silver Eagle". This conversion was previously offered by O&N Aircraft[9][10]
  • Riley Rocket offers a restoration and addition of intercooler to Continental TSIO-520 models to boost power from 310 to 340 hp (230 to 250 kW).[11]
A Vitatoe Cessna 210N conversion


The Cessna 210 was manufactured in 26 model variants: C210, C210A-D, the Centurion C210E-H&J, Turbo Centurion T210F-H&J, the Centurion II C210K-N&R, the Turbo Centurion II T210K-N&R and the P210N&R. The 210N, T210N (turbocharged), and P210N (pressurized) versions were produced in the greatest quantity. The rarest and most expensive models were the T210R and P210R, which were produced only in small quantities in 1985-86. Several modifications and optional fittings are also available, including different engine installations, wingtip tanks, speed brakes, short-take-off-and-landing kits, and gear door modifications.

The early strut-winged Cessna 210B was developed into a fixed-gear aircraft known as the Cessna 205. This spawned an entirely new family of Cessna aircraft, including the 206 and the eight-seat 207.[13]

Four-seat production variant with a Continental IO-470-E engine, 40 degree hydraulic flaps, gear doors, introduced in 1960.,[14] first flown in 1957, 575 built.[2]
A 210 with a third cabin window on each side, introduced in 1961, 265 built.[2]
A 210A with a cut-down rear fuselage, a rear-vision window and a Continental IO-470-S engine, introduced in 1962, 245 built.[2]
A 210B with some minor changes, introduced in 1963, 135 built.[2]
210D Centurion
A 210C fitted with a 285 hp (213 kW) Continental IO-520-A engine and increased takeoff weight to 3,100 lb (1,406 kg),[14] introduced in 1964, 290 built.[2]
210E Centurion
A 210D with some minor changes, introduced in 1965, 205 built.[2]
210F Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210E with some minor changes and optional 285 hp (213 kW) turbocharged Continental TSIO-520-C engine, introduced in 1966, 300 built.[2]
210G Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210F with a strutless cantilever wing and modified rear window, increased takeoff weight to 3,400 lb (1,542 kg),[14] introduced in 1967, 228 built.[2]
210H Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210G with a new flap system and instrument panel, 210 built.[2] Flap range decreased to 30 degrees, fuel capacity increased from 65 to 90 US gal (246 to 341 l). Introduced in 1968.[14]
210J Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210H with reduced wing dihederal, different nose profile and a Continental IO-520-J (or TSIO-520H) engine, introduced in 1969, 200 built.[2]
210K Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210J with rear changed to full seat to provide six seats, an IO-520-L engine with 300 hp (224 kW) limited to five minutes, landing gear changed, enlarged cabin with a single rear side window, weight increased to 3,800 lb (1,724 kg), produced 1970-71, 303 built.[2][14]
210L Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210K with nose-mounted landing lights, the electrical system changed to 24 volt, the engine-driven hydraulic pump replaced with an electrical pump and a three-bladed prop fitted. Improved aerodynamics led to an increase in approximately 8 kn (15 km/h) in cruise speed.[14] Produced 1972-76, 2070 built.[2]
210M Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210L with an optional 310 hp (231 kW) TSIO-520-R engine and minor changes, produced 1977-80, 1381 built.[2]
210N Centurion / Turbo Centurion
A 210M with open wheel wells for main landing gear and minor changes.[2] Although this change appeared only on the C210N, most early models have had gear doors removed due to extensive maintenance and handling problems, leaving them similar to the "N".[14] Produced 1981-84, 1943 built.
210R Centurion / Turbo Centurion
1978 Cessna T210N
A 210N with longer-span stabilizers and minor changes, produced 1985-86, 112 built.[2]
P210N Pressurized Centurion
A Turbo 210N with pressurized cabin, four windows each side, with a 310 hp (231 kW) Continental TSIO-520-AF engine, produced 1978-83, 834 built.[2]
P210R Pressurized Centurion
A P210N with longer-span stabilizers, increased takeoff weight and a 325 hp (242 kW) Continental TSIO-520-CE engine, produced 1985-86, 40 built.[2][13]
Riley Turbine P-210
Conversion of pressurized Cessna 210P Centurion aircraft, fitted with a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-112, flat rated at 500 shp (373 kW).[15]



The Cessna 210 is widely used by flight training schools, private operators, air-taxi and commercial charter, and private companies.


 Dominican Republic
 El Salvador

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • 12 August 1964, Charles Clifford Ogle took off in a Cessna 210A N9492X, flying from Oakland, California, to Las Vegas, Nevada. He disappeared and his airplane may have crashed in the Sierra Nevada, California.
  • On 12 July 1968, Leonard Bendicks hijacked a Cessna 210 from Key West, Florida, to Cuba. He was deported to the US in September 1968. On 4 March 1971, he was sentenced to 10 years for kidnapping.[22]
  • On 9 August 1981, a Cessna 210M, VH-MDX crashed around the Barrington Tops National Park in New South Wales, killing all five on board. The Australian Transport Safety Bureau reports mentions icing, violent weather, and instrument failure.[23]
  • While flying N6579X, an early-model 210A, famed test pilot Scott Crossfield crashed and died in the woods of Ludville, Georgia, on April 19, 2006. The National Transportation Safety Board established the probable cause as "[t]he pilot's failure to obtain updated en route weather information, which resulted in his continued instrument flight into a widespread area of severe convective activity, and the air traffic controller's failure to provide adverse weather avoidance assistance, as required by Federal Aviation Administration directives, both of which led to the airplane's encounter with a severe thunderstorm and subsequent loss of control."[24][25]
  • On 26 May 2019, about 25 km north‑east of Mount Isa Airport in Australia, the right wing separated from a Cessna T210M. The structural failure led to a rapid loss of control and a collision with terrain. Both crew members were killed, and the aircraft was destroyed. The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) found that a pre-existing fatigue crack in the aircraft's wing spar carry-through structure propagated to a critical size resulting in an overstress fracture of the structure and separation of the right wing. The accident resulted in the issue of an airworthiness directive mandating visual and eddy current inspections of the carry-through spar lower cap and the application of a protective coating, plus a corrosion inhibiting compound.[26] The ATSB stated that this accident would not have occurred if previously mandated inspections, due to past wing failures, had not been extended to be required only every three years. Following this crash a new service bulletin was issued and an FAA Airworthiness Directive, but inspections remained as every three years. The ATSB recommended more action to prevent future wing failures.[27]

Specifications (T210N Turbo Centurion II)[edit]

Data from Janes' All The World's Aircraft 1982-83[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: Five passengers
  • Length: 28 ft 2 in (8.59 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 9 in (11.20 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in (2.95 m)
  • Wing area: 175 sq ft (16.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,303 lb (1,045 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4,000 lb (1,814 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 87 US gal (72 imp gal; 330 L) (usable capacity)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental Motors TSIO-520-R air-cooled turbocharged flat-six, 310 hp (230 kW)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed McCauley Type D3A34C402/90DFA-10 constant-speed propeller[1], 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) diameter [28]


  • Maximum speed: 204 kn (235 mph, 378 km/h) at 17,000 ft (5,200 m)
  • Cruise speed: 193 kn (222 mph, 357 km/h) at 20,000 ft (6,100 m) (80% power)
  • Stall speed: 58 kn (67 mph, 107 km/h) (power off, flaps down) (CAS)
  • Range: 900 nmi (1,000 mi, 1,700 km) at 10,000 ft (3,000 m) (econ cruise)
  • Service ceiling: 27,000 ft (8,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 930 ft/min (4.7 m/s)
  • Takeoff distance to 50 ft (15 m): 2,160 ft (660 m)
  • Landing distance from 50 ft (15 m): 1,500 ft (460 m)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era



  1. ^ a b c d Taylor 1982, pp. 345–346
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Simpson 1991, pp. 103–104
  3. ^ Grady, Mary (May 21, 2012). "FAA Issues Emergency AD For Cessna 210s". AVweb. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
  4. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (June 27, 2019). "Alert, Cessna 177 and 210 Airplanes". Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  5. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (February 21, 2020). "Airworthiness Directives; Textron Aviation Inc. (Type Certificate Previously Held by Cessna Aircraft Company)". rgl.faa.gov. Archived from the original on March 5, 2020. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  6. ^ Cook, Marc (March 3, 2020). "Cessna 210 Wing Spar AD Issued". AVweb. Archived from the original on March 5, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "Modifications". Aeronautical Engineers Australia. March 2009. Archived from the original on June 20, 2005. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  8. ^ "Avidyne Partners With Southern Star & Crownair To Get STC For Entegra Glass Cockpit Retrofit In Cessna 210 Single-Engine Piston Aircraft". Revista aérea. December 21, 2008. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  9. ^ "January 2004: O&N Aircraft". FibreGlast Developments Corp. January 2004. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved October 19, 2007.
  10. ^ Griggs Aircraft Refinishing. "Silver Eagle". griggsaircraft.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  11. ^ Smith, Gene (September 1989). "The P-Rocket". Air Progress: 45.
  12. ^ Cox, Bill. "Improving on a Good Thing The venerable Cessna P210N enjoys a welcome improvement". Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. 3A21 Revision 47" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 25, 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Danielle Bruckert and Oleg Roud (2008). Cessna 210 Training Manual. ISBN 978-0-557-01418-7.
  15. ^ Taylor 1982, p. 453
  16. ^ Hatch 1986, p. 37
  17. ^ Hagedorn 1993, p. 111
  18. ^ Hagedorn 1993, p. 138
  19. ^ Flores 2001, p. 301
  20. ^ Hatch 1986, p. 79
  21. ^ Hagedorn 1993, p. 122
  22. ^ Cuban Political Violence in the United States Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Disorders and terrorism, National Advisory Committee, on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals Washington: 1976. Report of the Task Force on Disorders and Terrorism Appendix 6: Chronology of incidents of terroristic, quasi-terroristic attacks, and political violence in the United States:January 1965 to March 1976 By Marcia McKnight Trick
  23. ^ "Investigation number: 198101477 Cessna 210M, VH-MDX, near Barrington Tops, NSW, 9 August 1981". Australian Transport Safety Bureau. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  24. ^ "NTSB Releases Final Report on Accident that Killed Famed Aviator Scott Crossfield". September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  25. ^ "National Transportation Safety Board Aviation Accident Final Report Accident Number: CHI06MA115". National Transportation Safety Board. September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  26. ^ "Investigation: AO-2019-026 - In-flight break-up involving Cessna T210M, VH-SUX 25 km north east of Mount Isa Airport, Queensland on 26 May 2019". www.atsb.gov.au. Retrieved November 25, 2021.
  27. ^ Niles, Russ (November 28, 2021). "Australia Urges More Action On Cessna Wing Carry-Through Structures". AVweb. Archived from the original on November 29, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  28. ^ Jackson 2003, p. 804


External links[edit]