Suburb of Dublin
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference|
Chapelizod (Irish: Séipéal Iosóid, meaning "Iseult's Chapel") is a village preserved within the city of Dublin, Ireland. It lies in the wooded valley of the River Liffey, near the Strawberry Beds and the Phoenix Park. The village is associated with Iseult of Ireland and the location of Iseult's chapel. Chapelizod is under the administration of Dublin City Council.
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The civil parish of Chapelizod is part of the barony of Castleknock. The parish consists of a single townland of the same name.[1 1] However, 465 acres are within the walls of the Phoenix Park while the village proper, outside the walls, contains only 67 acres. It is the only parish of the barony that lies outside the territory of the modern county of Fingal.
The origins of Chapelizod are obscure. There is evidence of Neolithic settlement between the southern ridge of the Phoenix Park and the Liffey and several burial mounds exist to the north of the village. Aerial photography has also revealed several prehistoric and early medieval settlements in the vicinity of the modern village. Aside from these archeological remains, the etymology of the village indicates an association with Princess Iseult/Isolde from the Arthurian legend of Tristan and Isolde - indeed, the village derives its name from a chapel consecrated in her honour.
Outside the archeological and mythical record, the historical record more firmly details the establishment of a manor by Hugh Tyrell after the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169. In 1177 Tyrell, Baron of Castleknock, granted lands at Kilmainham to the Priory of St. John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitallers). The grant included a portion of the land that now makes up the Phoenix Park and Chapelizod. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the lands reverted to the Crown and from that time onward were used as a Royal seat. This was made explicit by the Duke of Ormonde after he successfully lobbied for the creation of an enclosed deer park outside Dublin in 1662. The 'King's House', a Royal Residence built by and used as an out of town residence by the Viceroy, formerly faced the millrace on the banks of the Liffey. It was used as the royal residence in Ireland until the mid-eighteenth century, when the Viceregal Lodge was completed in the Phoenix Park.
In 1671, Colonel Richard Lawrence settled a number of Hugenots in the village with the intention of establishing a linen industry (with some success). Later, King William stayed during the Williamite Wars in Ireland (Irish: Cogadh an Dá Rí), holding court and redressing grievances.
During much of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Chapelizod was a prosperous village with a rural atmosphere close to the centre of Dublin.
In the 19th century, the parish of Blanchardstown in the Catholic Church encompassed much of the area now within the Dublin 15 postal district. Following the relaxation of the Penal Laws, it became possible for Catholics to consider the construction of additional churches and to repair the existing stock of religious buildings. St Brigid's Church Blanchardstown, not to be confused with a church of the Church of Ireland in nearby Castleknock, was constructed in 1837 upon the foundation of a church that had been built prior to 1731. It is the Mother church of 12 other churches constituted out of the parish over the following 156 years. Among these was the church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The parish separated from Blanchardstown 1883. The eastern part of the new parish was in turn constituted out of Chapelizod in 1953 as the Navan Road parish of Our Lady Help of Christians.
In the Church of Ireland, the church of St Laurence, with its 14th-century bell tower, is one of two churches that today form part of the parish of Crumlin.
In local government elections Chapelizod is part of the Ballyfermot-Drimnagh Ward. Since the last local elections in 2019, the local elected representatives on Dublin City Council are:
- Daithí Doolan (Sinn Féin)
- Hazel De Nortúin (People Before Profit)
- Vincent Jackson (Independent)
- Sophie Nicoullaud (Green Party)
- Daithí de Róiste (Fianna Fáil)
- King William III
- Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe
- Joseph Sheridan le Fanu
- Arthur E. Guinness, 1st Baron Ardilaun
- Frank Harte
- Karl Shiels
Interesting buildings in the village include the church of St Laurence (Church of Ireland) with its medieval bell tower. The well-proportioned Georgian house, where Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu once resided in his early childhood, stands at the corner of Park Lane facing Main Street in front of the church. The renovated old RIC barracks on Main Street predates the old Constabulary, serving as an army barracks from the reign of William and Mary.
Chapelizod Community Festival is held annually between the first and second Sundays in July. First held in 1994, the festival has grown to be one of the highlights of the summer here. The festival is run by volunteers and funded mainly by local business sponsors.
The village is the setting of Le Fanu's novel The House by the Churchyard and short story Ghost Stories of Chapelizod.
In James Joyce's short story "A Painful Case", published in Dubliners, it is the home of the unsociable protagonist James Duffy, who "lived in Chapelizod because he wished to live as far as possible from the city of which he was a citizen and because he found all the other suburbs of Dublin mean, modern and pretentious." It is the setting—as well as the scene of the home and hostelry of the protagonist Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker, his wife Anna Livia Plurabelle, and their family Shaun, Shem and Issy—in Joyce's final major work, Finnegans Wake.
Chapelizod is also home to renowned cricket club "Chapelizod Cricket Club"
Chapelizod is also home to the legendary football side, Chapelizod F.C. which won the United Churches 3B league in 2012. Other successes quickly followed, with the team winning the Sydney Bellow cup and the league shield in 2013. The club manager, Andrew Cuffe, retired and still resides in the village and is known as a local hero to many.
From "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm. Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
- "Chapelizod | logainm.ie". logainm.ie. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
- "Sources of Real Time Information - Dublin Bus". dublinbus.ie. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Cronin, Elizabeth, Fr Michael Dundan's Blanchardstown, 1836-1968, Four Courts Press (2002), p56.
- Official website of Archived 2013-01-30 at the Wayback Machine Our Lady Help of Christians
- Church of Ireland Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine - Crumlin parish.
- O'Riordan, Ellen (15 July 2019). "Tributes paid to 'force of nature' Fair City actor Karl Shiels (47) following death: Shiels, best-known for role as Robbie Quinn, was founding member of Theatre Upstairs". The Irish Times.
Shiels, from Chapelizod in Dublin, was best-known for his role in Fair City in which he played Robbie Quinn, a shady wheeler-dealer character, for five years.
- FUSIO. "34 Main Street, Chapelizod, CHAPELIZOD, Dublin 20, Dublin City". Buildings of Ireland. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
- "Chapelizod". Irish Independent/Press Reader.
- "Old Greyhound Track". Flickr.
- "DUBLIN (CHAPELIZOD) GREYHOUND STADIUM". Greyhound Derby.com.