City Heights, San Diego
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City Heights, San Diego
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City Heights is a large community in San Diego, California, known for its ethnic diversity. Along the main streets (which include University Avenue, El Cajon Boulevard and Fairmount Avenue) one can find Hispanic, Northeast African, Near Eastern, South Asian and Southeast Asian immigrant businesses. The area was previously known as East San Diego.
City Heights has a high concentration of retail outlets, restaurants, and other examples of self-employment resulting from the newly arrived immigrant communities. Businesses tend to be smaller and wider spread than to the north and east. Like other urban neighborhoods north of Balboa Park, City Heights also has a high rate of pedestrian activity relative to the rest of San Diego.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Renaissance: New Developments and Real Estate
- 5 Arts, culture, businesses and cuisine
- 6 Little Saigon
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Education
- 9 Government
- 10 References
- 11 External links
A short history of the City Heights community can be found on the City Heights Business Association website.
In the 1880s, Entrepreneurs Abraham Klauber and Samuel Steiner purchased over 240 acres (0.97 km2) of unincorporated land that sat 400 feet (120 m) above sea level northeast of Balboa Park in hopes of developing the area. Together they named it "City Heights" or the "Steiner, Klauber, Choate and Castle Addition" after the original developers of the property. With the opening of the Panama Canal and the planned Panama-California International Exposition in 1915, the voters of the area voted for City Heights to become an incorporated city known as East San Diego on November 2, 1912. Population boomed in the next few years from 400 in 1910 to 4000 during the incorporation.
On December 31, 1923, the City of East San Diego ceased to exist and was annexed into the City of San Diego, becoming once again known as City Heights. The status of the city was in limbo throughout the early part of 1924, since the East San Diego trustees did not immediately recognize the annexation. Complete annexation occurred over the next few years with the City of San Diego taking over, improving or adding new services into the City Heights area.
During most of the 1930s, 1940s, and the 1950s the area was an important commercial center. In 1959 the neighborhood began to experience a decline as Fashion Valley, Mission Valley and the College Grove Shopping Center siphoned off merchants and customers from the University Avenue and El Cajon Boulevard corridor.
In November 1993, the city of San Diego proposed to build a new police station to address the rising crime rate. However, the city was strapped for cash and did not have funds readily available. Entrepreneur and philanthropist Sol Price pledged money for redevelopment efforts in concert with the city and his for-profit redevelopment corporation. The city and Sol Price's firm eventually opened the new police substation in 1996. Sol Price collaborated with SDSU to help students in City Heights attend college providing them with scholarships and supports.
The 2000s saw redevelopment efforts continue and new public facilities open. New services were provided to residents of City Heights, including schools, a library and a community center. Crime rates also fell and a new urban retail village began serving the community.
2017 crime reports City Heights as significantly lower in both violent crime and property crime than Pacific Beach, North Park, Hillcrest, Gaslamp, and East Village.
City Heights is large and diffuse, with many subneighborhoods. The community is divided into two pieces by Fairmount Avenue: City Heights East and City Heights West. The community is bounded by Interstate 805 to the west, El Cajon Boulevard to the north, 54th Street to the east, and Home Avenue/Euclid Avenue/Chollas Parkway to the southeast.
"Downtown" City Heights is generally regarded as around Fairmount and University Avenues.
The community is further divided into sixteen neighborhoods: Teralta East, Teralta West, Corridor, Cherokee Point, Colina Park, Castle, Fairmount Park, Fairmount Village, Fox Canyon, Islenair (a city-designated historic district), Chollas Creek, Swan Canyon, Azalea Park, Hollywood Park, Ridgeview, and Bayridge.
Population stands at 102,593 as of 2018. Median household income is $39,647. Median age is approximately 30 years old.
Renaissance: New Developments and Real Estate
As with other older neighborhoods found just north of Downtown San Diego and Balboa Park, City Heights is enjoying a renaissance. In the March 2015 issue, San Diego Magazine named City Heights as one of the best places to live in San Diego. City Heights is getting a public space called the Central Avenue Skate Plaza, a half-acre park that's being funded with a nearly $2 million state grant, plus money from the city and the Tony Hawk Foundation. Spearheaded by members of the Mid-City CAN Youth Council, the project will include a 6,000-square-foot skating area, as well as turf and play sections. Already in place, the new Copley-Price Family YMCA at Fairmount and El Cajon includes a 7,500-square-foot gym, two pools, a soccer field, and demonstration kitchen in a LEED-certified building.
In 2015, the music festival San Diego Indiefest took place in City Heights' Urban Village. IndieFest features a three-day celebration of independent music, film, art, business and thought. It will have a wide array of visual art, activities, film, comedy, dance, food, beer and spirits.
City Heights Nearly Tops List Of Hottest Zip Codes For County Home Sales in 2017. Home prices in the neighborhood are expected to appreciate at the second-highest rate in San Diego County over the next year, according to Zillow. The online real estate website predicts values in the 92105 zip code will increase 3.9 percent, a rate tied with Clairemont and second to the Imperial Beach region. Homes in that community are expected to appreciate 6.5 percent.
The community has undergone redevelopments. The local projects are a major focus of the Smart Growth strategy by the City of San Diego, which is funded in part by private organizations and philanthropic individuals, notably Sol Price (founder of Fedmart and Price Club).
These projects concentrate primarily on education, crime reduction, economic improvements, smart urban growth, renewal of community pride and improvement of overall quality of life, while at the same time enhance the "melting-pot" identity for which City Heights is known.
Recent projects that have been completed include the very first alternative fuel station in the city, a new retail complex with some mixed-use developments, several newly expanded and improved basic schools, a new "urban village" with a new library, a new police headquarter and a gymnasium, as well as a number of innovative uses of open spaces as parks.
A significant addition to the neighborhood is City Heights Square Senior Housing Project on 43rd Street. Completed in 2008 with subsidies provided by the Redevelopment Agency Affordable Housing Program, the project provides critically needed affordable housing for seniors
Twice a year FaceLift chooses a Neighborhood in City Heights and closes off the streets and renovates 12 - 15 homes by painting, landscaping, and cleaning up the surrounding area in a one-day event. FaceLift is a program of Community HousingWorks a non-profit organization connected with NeighborWorks America.
Project CLEAN is another program with Community HousingWorks that provides graffiti supplies and clean-up organization to any resident that would like to get involved in making their community a better place to live.
As a result of the improvements, population in the neighborhood has been on the increase, the redevelopment is now starting to focus on controlling growth.
City Heights has been touted next up-and-coming San Diego Neighborhood.
Arts, culture, businesses and cuisine
City Heights is ranked a very livable city, with lots of local amenities, stable housing market and sunny weather.
The annual International Village Celebration is held around late spring or early summer and is aimed at highlighting the community's diversity.
Due to the large cultural population of City Heights, a vast array of ethnic restaurants can be found in the community. Most are located along the main arteries of University Avenue, El Cajon Boulevard and Fairmount Avenue.
City Heights is home to different types of cuisine from all corners of the world, including Vietnamese, Chinese, Mexican, Somali, and Eritrean/Ethiopian culinary traditions. Quite a few pubs and bars cater to those into the nightlife, such as the historic Tower Bar, Black Cat Bar, Til-Two Club, Soda Bar and El Coqui Grill.
Art and landscapes
Creating Community Through Art: City Heights is rich in murals and public art - The AjA Project's gallery space on Fairmont Avenue features photographs taken by immigrants. Stories of new generations of Americans are captured in the images displayed at the AjA Project's 4,000 square foot gallery and education center, located in a charming ranch style building that used to be the local branch library.
Markets & Gardens: Gardens and farmers markets are a City Heights mainstay, and you'll often find public art in the neighborhood's green spaces. Murals and sculptures adorn the landscape of Azalea Park. Wander the New Roots Community Farm or the San Diego Peace Garden, which also holds an annual Kale Festival. There are also plenty of canyons in City Heights to explore, including the Fox, Swan and Olivia Canyons.
Local Nightlife: City Heights has low-key bars where visitors looking to hear local music can find bands on stage most nights at The Tower Bar (est 1932), The Black Cat Bar, Soda Bar, Space Bar, and the 'Til Two Club.
Azalea Park is blossoming into an arts district - The Azalea Park Arts District (APAD). Visitors can find sculptures, art installations, murals and hand-painted signs to denote the flower-named streets. The Manzanita Gathering Place was built to be a creative refuge awashed in art at the opening at Manzanita Canyon, with canopies and columns incorporating mosaic tiles made by Azalea Park residents. Local artists have moved their businesses to Azalea Park and see this neighborhood becoming a vibrant arts community. At the Azalea Community Park, local artists have created a unique oasis with the Water Conservation Garden, collection of succulent plants and creative sculpture.
The Little Saigon San Diego Foundation was established in early 2009 with a mission stating to "revitalize the densely populated Vietnamese business district of El Cajon Boulevard."
On June 4, 2013, City Council approved Little Saigon Cultural and Commercial District in City Heights, which is a six-block section of El Cajon Boulevard from Euclid to Highland avenues. The district would be known as a center for Vietnamese food and culture. Since 2013, the Little Saigon San Diego Foundation has organized one of the Vietnamese new year (Tết) events in the city with the annual Lunar New Year festival at the SDCCU Stadium (formerly known as Qualcomm Stadium), where proceeds would go towards developing and promoting the district. The foundation's festival is a separate event and does not have any affiliation with the San Diego Tết Festival organized by VAYA (Vietnamese-American Youth Alliance), which was established in 2006 and annually held at Mira Mesa Community Park.
City Heights has walkable neighborhoods with many of the restaurants, businesses and shops near the main residential pockets. It is common to see pedestrians, cyclists and scooters throughout the neighborhood and surrounding communities. Centrally located within San Diego, City Heights has easy access to freeways, Mission Valley commercial centers and the downtown area. University Avenue, El Cajon Boulevard and Fairmount Avenue are the major thoroughfares.
Because of the presence of the University Avenue transit corridor (the busiest in the metro region), City Heights has substantial bus service connecting to Downtown as well as to the Mission Valley trolley stops.
City Heights is home to twelve public elementary schools, three public middle schools, two public high schools, and two private grade schools, and three charter schools.
All public schools are in the San Diego Unified School District.
Public elementary schools
- Cherokee Point
- Florence Griffith Joyner
- Herbert Ibarra
- Mary Lanyon Fay
- Rosa Parks
Public middle schools
- Clark (Monroe)
Public high schools
- Hoover High School
- Crawford Educational Complex (former Will C. Crawford High School)
- Community Health and Medical Practices School (CHAMPS)
- Invention and Design Educational Academy (IDEA)
- School of Law and Business (LAB)
- Multimedia and Visual Arts School (MVAS)
- Health Sciences High & Middle College (HSHMC)
- Health Sciences Middle School
- City Heights Prep Academy
- Gompers Preparatory Academy
- San Diego Global Vision Academy
- Arroyo Paseo Charter High* School
- Iftin Charter School
Private grade schools
- Waldorf School of San Diego
The area is part of City Council District 9, currently represented by Georgette Gomez. City Heights is also part of California's 80th State Assembly district, currently represented by Lorena Gonzalez. The City Heights Area Planning Committee advises the city on land use and other issues. Volunteer organizations include the City Heights Town Council and the City Heights Business Association.
- San Diego Neighborhood Profile: City Heights, About.com San Diego, January 20, 2011
- "A Short History of City Heights" Archived 2009-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
- PIONEER SPIRIT: The Klauber Wangenheim Company, The Journal of San Diego History, Winter 1983
- "San Diego Then & Now - The Bank of East San Diego". Russel Ray Photos. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
- City Redevelopment Agency Supports City Heights Mixed-Use Projects, January 10, 2007
- City Heights Redevelopment Project Area
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Gompers High School (San Diego)
- "The Waldorf School of San Diego | Waldorf School of San Diego | San Diego, CA". Waldorf School of San Diego. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "District 9". City Council District 9. City of San Diego.