City of Canterbury (New South Wales)

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City of Canterbury
New South Wales
Canterbury lga sydney.png
Coordinates 33°55′S 151°06′E / 33.917°S 151.100°E / -33.917; 151.100Coordinates: 33°55′S 151°06′E / 33.917°S 151.100°E / -33.917; 151.100
Population 146,314 (2012)[1]
 • Density 4,303.45/km2 (11,145.9/sq mi)
Established 17 March 1879 (Municipality)
16 November 1993 (City)
Abolished 12 May 2016 (2016-05-12)
Area 34 km2 (13.1 sq mi)
Mayor Brian Robson (Labor)
Council seat Canterbury Administration Building, Campsie
Canterbury City Council logo 1990-2016.png
Website City of Canterbury
LGAs around City of Canterbury:
Strathfield Burwood Ashfield
Bankstown City of Canterbury Marrickville
Bankstown Hurstville Rockdale

The City of Canterbury was a local government area in the south–west region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The City of Canterbury was primarily residential and light industrial in character. The city was home to over 130 nationalities, with a majority of its residents being born overseas, with the council calling itself "the City of Cultural Diversity." First incorporated as the Municipality of Canterbury in 1879, the council became known as the City of Canterbury in 1993.

The last Mayor of the City of Canterbury Council was Cr. Brian Robson, a member of the Labor Party, until 12 May 2016 when the City was amalgamated with the City of Bankstown, forming Canterbury-Bankstown Council.

Suburbs in the local government area[edit]

Suburbs in the former City of Canterbury were:

Council[edit]

City of Canterbury Administration Building, Beamish Street, Campsie, opened in 1963.

Final composition and election method[edit]

Canterbury City Council was composed of ten Councillors, including the Mayor, elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor was directly elected since 1976 while the nine other Councillors were elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing three Councillors. The final election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council, prior to its abolition, was as follows:[2][3][4][5]

The last Council, elected in 2012 until its abolition in 2016, in order of election by ward, was:

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Mayor[2]   Brian Robson Labor Mayor
Central Ward[3]   Mark Adler Labor
  Ken Nam Liberal
  Fadwa Kebbea Labor
East Ward[4]   Con Vasiliades Liberal
  Esta Paschalidis-Chilas Labor
  Linda Eisler The Greens
West Ward[5]   Karl Saleh Labor Deputy Mayor
  Michael Hawatt Liberal
  Pierre Azzi Labor

History[edit]

Canterbury Town Hall

Indigenous Australians lived in this area for thousand of years. In 1770, the land along the Cooks River was explored by officers from HM Bark Endeavour. In 1793, the area's first land grant was made to the chaplain of the First Fleet, the Reverend Richard Johnson, and given the name Canterbury Vale.

Residential development began picking up in the area during the 1880s and the [clarification needed] was extended to Canterbury in 1895, encouraging further suburban development which led to the area becoming heavily populated. A leading developer at this time was Frederick Gibbes, a Member of Parliament for the seat of Newtown.

After much petitioning of the State Government by local residents, the Municipality of Canterbury was proclaimed on 17 March 1879. The council first met in the home of the first mayor, Alderman John Sproule and premised were then leased in the St Paul's Church schoolroom at 47-49 Canterbury Road, Canterbury. The Canterbury Town Hall, located on Canterbury Road between Canton and Howard Streets, was opened in 1889 by the Premier of New South Wales, Sir Henry Parkes. However, over time, Campsie became a more important centre and in recognition of this the city administration moved there in 1963, with the Canterbury Municipal Administration Building, designed by architects Whitehead and Payne, being opened on Beamish Street by the mayor, James S. Scott, on 21 September 1963. The City of Canterbury was proclaimed on 16 November 1993 by the Governor of New South Wales, Rear Admiral Peter Sinclair.

Amalgamation[edit]

A 2015 review of local government boundaries by the NSW Government Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal recommended that the City of Canterbury merge with the City of Bankstown to form a new council with an area of 110 square kilometres (42 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 351,000.[6] Following an independent review, on 12 May 2016 the Minister for Local Government announced that the merger with the City of Bankstown would proceed with immediate effect, creating a new council with an area of 72 square kilometres (28 sq mi).[7]

Mayors and General Managers[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Party Term Notes
  John Sproule Independent 16 June 1879 – 10 February 1880 [8]
  John Campbell Sharp Independent 10 February 1880 – 19 February 1883 [9][10][11]
  Thomas Austen Davis Independent 19 February 1883 – 14 February 1884 [12]
  Benjamin Taylor Independent 14 February 1884 – 3 February 1886 [13][14]
  James Slocombe Independent 3 February 1886 – 13 February 1888 [15][16]
  John Campbell Sharp Independent 13 February 1888 – 24 August 1889 [17][18]
  James McBean Independent 24 August 1889 – 12 February 1890
  James Charles Stone Independent 12 February 1890 – 11 February 1891 [19]
  John Quigg Independent 11 February 1891 – 19 February 1892 [20]
  Patrick Joseph Scahill Independent 19 February 1892 – 15 February 1895 [21]
  Sydney Robert Lorking Independent 15 February 1895 – 16 February 1899 [22]
  George Wallace Nicoll Independent 16 February 1899 – 16 February 1900 [23][24]
  Jeffrey Denniss Independent 16 February 1900 – 11 February 1904 [25][26]
  Benjamin Taylor Independent 11 February 1904 – 16 February 1906 [27][28]
  Jeffrey Denniss Independent 16 February 1906 – 10 February 1908 [29][30]
  John Edward Draper Independent 10 February 1908 – February 1910 [31][32]
  John McCulloch Independent February 1910 – February 1911 [33]
  Patrick Joseph Scahill Independent February 1911 – February 1912 [34]
  John Edward Draper Liberal Reform Party February 1912 – 10 February 1913 [35]
  George Frederick Wells Hocking Labor 10 February 1913 – March 1914 [36][37][38]
  James Augustus Wilson Labor March 1914 – February 1917 [39]
  Arthur Preston Independent February 1917 – February 1920 [40]
  George Frederick Wells Hocking Labor February 1920 – 11 December 1922 [41][42]
  John Henry Ewen Citizens' Progress Party 11 December 1922 – 7 December 1925 [43][44]
  Norman Bede Rydge Labor 7 December 1925 – 20 December 1926 [45]
  Eric Howard Stephenson Labor 20 December 1926 – 19 December 1927 [46]
  Asa North Labor 19 December 1927 – 10 December 1928 [47]
  George Harold Bramston Citizens' Progress Party 10 December 1928 – 8 January 1932 [48][49]
  Stanley Parry Independent 8 January 1932 – August 1947 [50][51]
  Harold McPherson 7 August 1947 – 1949 [52]
  Colin Williams 1949 – 1950
  Samuel Warren 1950 – 1951
  Herbert Reuben Thorncraft 1951 – 1953
  George Herbert Mulder Labor 1953 - 1957
  S. C. Squire 1957 - 1958
  R. J. Schofield 1958 - 1959
  S. C. Squire 1959 - 1960
  R. J. Schofield 1960 - 1962
  Ron Pate 1962 - 1963
  James S. Scott 1963 - 1966
  Alfred Pate 1966 - 1967
  Allan Mulder Labor 1967 - 1968
  James William Eccles 1968 - 1970
  James Beaman 1970 – 1971
  Colin Gordon Williams 1971 – 1976
  John Mountford Labor 1976 – October 1980
  Kevin Moss Labor October 1980 – 1987
  John Gorrie Labor 1987 – September 1995
  Kayee Griffin Labor September 1995 – January 2004
  Robert Furolo Labor January 2004 – 21 October 2011
  Brian Robson Labor 1 November 2011 – 12 May 2016

Town Clerk/General Managers[edit]

Town Clerk/General Manager Term Notes
Neil Quigg 7 July 1879 – February 1880 [53]
Edwin Tyrell Sayers February 1880 – December 1882
Samuel Mantle Burrowes 5 January 1883 – September 1883 [54]
Hector Innes 5 September 1883 – 15 August 1888 [55]
Benjamin Taylor 15 August 1888 – 20 October 1902 [56]
Frederick John Davis 20 October 1902 – 2 March 1907 [57]
Samuel Ernest Marsden 2 March 1907 – 1 October 1910 [58]
Charles Lipson Iverson 1 October 1910 – 1911 [59]
Harold Linden Dunstan 1911 – October 1912
Frederick Haworth JP October 1912 – 22 February 1914 [60][61]
James Lane Sutton June 1914 – 12 March 1929 [62][63][64][65][66]
Robert Brouff 2 December 1929 – 1934 [67]
Edgar Jay September 1934 – 1941 [68]
Claude Hunt 1941 – 1942
Robert Brouff 1942 – 1948
Selwyn Lofts 1948 – 1965
Jack Wheeler 1965 – May 1973
Jack Whitmarsh May 1973 – 1982
Jim Montague PSM 1982 – 12 May 2016 [69][70]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 Census, there were 137,454 people in the Canterbury local government area, with an equal proportion of male and female residents. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.6% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Canterbury was 35 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 20.0% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.5% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 52.9% were married and 10.8% were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population growth in the City of Canterbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 0.02%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 5.76%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Canterbury local government area was approximately half the national average.[71] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Canterbury is significantly lower than the national average.[1][72]

Campsie Early Childhood Centre, designed by architects Davey & Brindley in 1954.
Selected historical census data for Canterbury local government area
Census year 2001[71] 2006[72] 2011[1]
Population Estimated residents on Census night 129,935 129,963 137,454
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales
% of New South Wales population 1.99%
% of Australian population 0.69% Decrease 0.65% Decrease 0.64%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Chinese 11.6%
Australian 9.7%
Lebanese 9.5%
Greek 9.5%
English 8.9%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Arabic 12.2% Decrease 10.1% Increase 13.2%
Greek 11.1% Decrease 10.4% Decrease 9.8%
Mandarin 1.7% Increase 2.7% Increase 5.6%
Cantonese 2.7% Increase 3.3% Increase 5.5%
Vietnamese n/c Increase 2.2% Increase 3.8%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 43.4% Decrease 41.7% Decrease 25.6%
Islam 5.1% Steady 5.1% Increase 16.6%
Eastern Orthodox 15.8% Decrease 13.4% Increase 13.6%
No religion 11.1% Increase 13.4% Decrease 12.5%
Buddhism n/c n/c Increase 6.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$366 A$430
% of Australian median income 78.5% 74.5%
Family income Median weekly family income A$839 A$1,149
% of Australian median income 81.7% 77.6%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,007 A$1,029
% of Australian median income 86.0% 83.4%

[edit]

[edit]

In 1990, the council's Engineering Department produced the logo in everyday usage until 2016, it consisted of two C's in black and white, intersected by a wave in light blue, which represents the Cooks River and is taken from the council arms issued in 1979.[73]

Sister cities[edit]

  • South Korea Eunpyong-gu, Seoul, South Korea. A special friendship garden in Loft Gardens at Campsie commemorating the relationship begun in 1988, in the design of the Taegukgi, was unveiled in November 2000 by the mayors of Canterbury and Eunpyong-gu.
  • Greece Patras, Greece.

References[edit]

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  4. ^ a b "Canterbury City Council - East Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Canterbury City Council - West Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
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  69. ^ Last Town Clerk and first General Manager following the passing of the Local Government Act in September 1993.
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External links[edit]