Glasgow City Council

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Glasgow City Council
Scottish Gaelic: Comhairle Baile Ghlaschu
Official logo of Glasgow City Council
Logo
Glasgow City in Scotland.svg
Admin HQ Glasgow
Government
 • Body Glasgow City Council
 • Control Labour
Population (mid-2015 est.)
 • Total 606,300
 • Rank Ranked 1st
 • Density 9,000/sq mi (3,470/km2)
ONS code S12000046
ISO 3166 code GB-GLG
Website Glasgow City Council homepage

Glasgow City Council, the local government body of the city of Glasgow in Scotland, became one of the newly created single tier local authorities in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994,[1] with boundaries somewhat different from those of the City of Glasgow district of the Strathclyde region: parts of the Cambuslang and Halfway and Rutherglen and Fernhill areas were transferred from the city area to the new South Lanarkshire council area.

The district had been created in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 to include: the former county of the city of Glasgow and a number of areas previously within the county of Lanark: Cambuslang (Central and North, and South lying outwith East Kilbride), Rutherglen (including the burgh of Rutherglen), part of a Carmunnock area (that lying outwith East Kilbride) and Baillieston, Carmyle, Garrowhill, Mount Vernon and Springboig.

History[edit]

The early city was run by the old "Glasgow Town Council". In 1895, the Town Council became "The Corporation of the City of Glasgow" ("Glasgow Corporation" or "City Corporation"). It retained this title until local government re-organisation in 1975, when it became "City of Glasgow District Council". In 1996, following the dissolution of Strathclyde Regional Council and the transfer of its responsibilities to Glasgow District Council, the authority was renamed "Glasgow City Council".

The title Lord Provost of Glasgow, used now for the civic leader of the city council, has history dating from the 15th century.

During World War I, the council was unique in the United Kingdom in appointing an official war artist, Frederick Farrell.[2]

Glasgow Corporation Transport was under the control of the Glasgow Corporation, and ran the local buses and Glasgow Trams, until it was superseded by the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive on 1 June 1973.

During the period of two tier local government (Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973), 1975 to 1996, Glasgow District Council was responsible for refuse collection, museums, libraries and housing, while Strathclyde Regional Council had responsibilities for policing, fire service, water, education, social work and transport.

The city council established in 1996 (Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994), took on the powers and responsibilities previously divided between councils of the Glasgow City district and the Strathclyde region.

The council area borders onto East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire.

Council Control[edit]

Current political composition[edit]

As of 4 May 2017, the council is currently composed of:[3]

  Scottish National Party: 39 seats
  Scottish Labour: 31 seats
  Scottish Conservatives: 8 seats
  Scottish Greens: 7 seats
Party Councillors
Scottish National Party 39
Labour 31
Conservative 8
Scottish Green 7

History of leaders and administrations[edit]

Controlling party Years Leader
No overall control 1934–1945 1933 – 1934: George Smith (Labour)
1934 – 1938: Patrick Dollan (Labour)
1938 – 1941: Hector McNeill (Labour)
1941 – 1945: George Smith (Labour)
Labour 1945–1949 1945 – 1948: George Smith (Labour)
1948 – 1949: Andrew Hood (Labour)
No overall control 1949–1950 1949 – 1950: John Donald Kelly (Progressive)
Progressives 1950–1952 1950 – 1952: John Donald Kelly (Progressive)
Labour 1952–1968 1952 – 1955: Andrew Hood
1955 – 1957: Jean Roberts
1957 – 1958: Myer Galpern
1958 – 1963: Peter Meldrum
1963 – 1968: William Taylor
No overall control 1968–1969 1968 – 1969: John Douglas Glen (Progressive)
Progressives 1969–1970 1969 – 1970: Peter Gemmill (Progressive)
No overall control 1970–1971 1970 – 1971: Peter Gemmill (Progressive)
Labour 1971–1977 1971 – 1972: John Mains
1972 – 1973: Richard Dynes
1973 – 1974: Geoff Shaw
1974 – 1977: Richard Dynes
No overall control 1977–1980 1977 – 1979: John Young (Conservative)
1979 – 1980: Jean McFadden (Labour)
Labour 1980–2017 1980 – 1986: Jean McFadden
1986 – 1992: Pat Lally
1992 – 1994: Jean McFadden
1994 – 1996: Pat Lally
1996 – 1997: Bob Gould
1997 – 1999: Frank McAveety
1999 – 2005: Charlie Gordon
2005 – 2010: Steven Purcell
2010 – 2015: Gordon Matheson
2015 – 2017: Frank McAveety
No overall control 2017–present 2017 – present: Susan Aitken (SNP)[4]

Council structure[edit]

The council is ceremonially headed by the Lord Provost of Glasgow, who is elected to convene the council and perform associated tasks as a general civic leader and Lord Lieutenant. The current incumbent is Eva Bolander.

The council's executive branch is headed by a Leader of the Council, who is the leader of the largest political grouping, currently the Scottish National Party. The executive committee is usually formed of 19 members across all the elected parties proportionally, however this would have given the SNP a majority of 10 seats despite not gaining one through the election. The Greens proposed an amendment to add an additional seat for each party, making the SNP the biggest minority party.[5] It was passed and so its composition of 23 seats is currently:[6]

Affiliation Councillors
Scottish National Party 11
Scottish Labour 8
Scottish Conservative 2
Scottish Greens 2

Elections[edit]

The council consists of 85 councillors elected for a five-year term from 23 wards. These wards were introduced for the 2017 election, replacing those introduced in 2007, and each returns three or four members by the single transferable vote system of election. This system was introduced by the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004,[7] as a means of ensuring a reasonably proportionately representative outcome.

The most recent full council election took place on Thursday 4 May 2017. The Scottish National Party became the largest party (39) but did not gain an overall majority; Labour returned fewer councillors (31) and lost overall control, with increased numbers for the Conservatives (8) and the Greens (7). No independent councillors were returned, nor any from the Liberal Democrats, Scottish Socialist Party and Solidarity.

Current multi-member ward system[edit]

A new multi-member ward system was introduced for the 2017 council election:

Current Glasgow wards by number
Ward Number of councillors
1. Linn 4 members
2. Newlands/Auldburn 3 members
3. Greater Pollok 4 members
4. Cardonald 4 members
5. Govan 4 members
6. Pollokshields 4 members
7. Langside 4 members
8. Southside Central 4 members
9. Calton 4 members
10. Anderston/City/Yorkhill 4 members
11. Hillhead 3 members
12. Victoria Park 3 members
13. Garscadden/Scotstounhill 4 members
14. Drumchapel/Anniesland 4 members
15. Maryhill 3 members
16. Canal 4 members
17. Springburn/ Robroyston 4 members
18. East Centre 4 members
19. Shettleston 4 members
20. Baillieston 3 members
21. North East 3 members
22. Dennistoun 3 members
23. Partick East/Kelvindale 4 members

Previous ward systems[edit]

A previous multi-member ward system was introduced for the 2007 council election:

Pre-2017 multi-member wards by number
Ward Number of councillors Representation (2012)
1. Linn 4 members 2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Lib Dem
2. Newlands/Auldburn 3 members 2 Lab; 1 SNP
3. Greater Pollok 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
4. Craigton 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
5. Govan 4 members 3 Lab; 1 SNP
6. Pollokshields 3 members 1 Lab; 1 Con; 1 SNP
7. Langside 3 members 2 SNP; 1 Lab
8. Southside Central 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
9. Calton 3 members 2 Lab; 1 SNP
10. Anderston/City 4 members 2 SNP; 1 Lab; 1 Green
11. Hillhead 4 members 2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Green
12. Partick West 4 members 2 SNP; 1 Green; 1 Ind
13. Garscadden/Scotstounhill 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
14. Drumchapel/Anniesland 4 members 3 Lab; 1 SNP
15. Maryhill/Kelvin 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
16. Canal 4 members 2 Lab; 1 Ind; 1 Green
17. Springburn 3 members 2 Lab; 1 SNP
18. East Centre 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
19. Shettleston 4 members 3 Lab; 1 SNP
20. Baillieston 4 members 2 Lab; 2 SNP
21. North East 4 members 3 Lab; 1 SNP

Prior to the 2007 election, there were 79 councillors elected from 79 single-member wards by the plurality (first past the post) system of election. The result from this system was 69 of the 79 councillors representing the Labour Party, although that party gained only around half the votes cast in the previous election to the council, and the Scottish National Party was represented by just four councillors, despite gaining some 20% of the votes. There were also three Liberal Democrat councillors, one Conservative councillor, one Scottish Socialist Party councillor, and one independent councillor.

Pre-2007 wards
Ward Ward Ward Ward
  1. Drumry
  2. Summerhill
  3. Blairdardie
  4. Knightswood Park
  5. Knightswood South
  6. Yoker
  7. Anniesland
  8. Jordanhill
  9. Kelvindale
  10. Scotstoun
  11. Victoria Park
  12. Hayburn
  13. Hyndland
  14. Hillhead
  15. Partick
  16. Kelvingrove
  17. Anderston
  18. Woodlands
  19. North Kelvin
  20. Wyndford
  1. Maryhill
  2. Summerston
  3. Milton
  4. Ashfield
  5. Firhill
  6. Keppochhill
  7. Merchant City
  8. Royston
  9. Cowlairs
  10. Springburn
  11. Wallacewell
  12. Milnbank
  13. Dennistoun
  14. Calton
  15. Bridgeton/ Dalmarnock
  16. Parkhead
  17. Carntyne
  18. Robroyston
  19. Gartcraig
  20. Queenslie
  1. Greenfield
  2. Barlanark
  3. Shettleston
  4. Tollcross Park
  5. Braidfauld
  6. Mount Vernon
  7. Baillieston
  8. Garrowhill
  9. Garthamlock
  10. Easterhouse
  11. Drumoyne
  12. Govan
  13. Ibrox
  14. Kingston
  15. Mosspark
  16. North Cardonald
  17. Penilee
  18. Cardonald
  19. Pollok
  20. Crookston
  1. Nitshill
  2. Darnley
  3. Carnwadric
  4. Maxwell Park
  5. Pollokshields East
  6. Hutchesontown
  7. Govanhill
  8. Strathbungo
  9. Battlefield
  10. Langside
  11. Pollokshaws
  12. Newlands
  13. Cathcart
  14. Mount Florida
  15. Toryglen
  16. Kings Park
  17. Castlemilk
  18. Carmunnock
  19. Glenwood

Footnotes[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Durham
LBC Council of the Year
2015
Succeeded by
Tameside Metropolitan