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Central square of Cogua
Central square of Cogua
Flag of Cogua
Official seal of Cogua
Nickname(s): current city of pure water
Location of the town and municipality of Cogua in the Cundinamarca Department.
Location of the town and municipality of Cogua in the Cundinamarca Department.
Cogua is located in Colombia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 5°3′19″N 74°1′17″W / 5.05528°N 74.02139°W / 5.05528; -74.02139
Country  Colombia
Departamento Cundinamarca
Province Central Savanna Province
Founded 23 August 1604
Founded by Lorenzo de Terrones
 • Mayor William Dario Forero Forero
 • City 113 km2 (44 sq mi)
 • Urban 14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation 2,600 m (8,500 ft)
Population (2015)
 • City 22,361
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Urban 7,736
Demonym(s) Coguan
Area code(s) 1
Website Official website
Censo DANE 2005

Cogua (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkoɣwa]) is a municipality and town of Colombia in the department of Cundinamarca. It is situated on northern part of the Bogotá savanna with the urban centre at an altitude of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) at 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the capital Bogotá. Cogua borders Tausa in the north, Nemocón in the east, Pacho in the west and Zipaquirá in the south.[1]


The name Cogua is derived from Chibcha and means "Support of the hill".[1]


Cogua in the times before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca who lived on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and had established an advanced civilization. Cogua is located between two important sources of salt in the Muisca economy; Zipaquirá and Nemocón.

Modern Cogua was founded on August 23, 1604 by Lorenzo de Terrones.[1]


Main economical activities of Cogua are agriculture and livestock farming.[1] The Neusa Reservoir is located within the boundaries of Cogua.


Panorama of the Neusa Reservoir, Cogua


  1. ^ a b c d (in Spanish) Official website Cogua

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°04′N 73°59′W / 5.067°N 73.983°W / 5.067; -73.983