College student alcoholism

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The rates of college students binge drinking in the United States have fluctuated for the past years.[1] As high as 40% of college students could now be considered alcoholics, as defined by the next edition psychiatry's diagnostic manual, but many of these individuals would be regarded as having only a mild drinking problem. Most college binge drinkers and drug users don't develop lifelong problems.[2][3]

Social stigma[edit]

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) reported in 2012, that more than 80% of college students drink alcohol, with estimated 40% report binge drinking in the past 2 weeks, and about 25% report having academic consequences because of their drinking.[4] 56% of students reported binge drinking once a week.[5] In comparison, the comparable figure of alcoholism for American Indian and Alaskan Native youth ("Native youth" hereafter) is approximately 80 percent (Beauvais, Oetting, & Wolf, 1989).

Factors[edit]

Individual and environmental factors for experiencing alcohol-related consequences have been identified such as drinking during high-risk periods, such as spring break, or belonging to specific student subgroups (e.g., Greek organizations).[6] Drinking throughout high school also played a role, suggesting that binge drinking starts earlier than college for some.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JAMA Network | JAMA | College Binge Drinking Still on the Rise". Jama.jamanetwork.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  2. ^ Szalavitz, Maia (2012-05-14). "DSM-5 Could Categorize 40% of College Students as Alcoholics | TIME.com". Healthland.time.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  3. ^ Sanderson, Megan (2012-05-22). "About 37 percent of college students could now be considered alcoholics | Emerald Media". Dailyemerald.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  4. ^ "College Drinking" (PDF). Pubs.niaaa.nih.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  5. ^ Dodd, L.J., Al-Nakeeb, Y., Nevill, A. and Forshaw, M.J., 2010. "Lifestyle risk factors of students: a cluster analytical approach". Preventative medicine. 51 (1): 73–77. 
  6. ^ Mallett, KA; Varvil-Weld, L; Borsari, B; Read, JP; Neighbors, C; White, HR (2013-03-25). "An Update of Research Examining College Student Alcohol-Related Consequences: New Perspectives and Implications for Interventions". Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 37: 709–16. doi:10.1111/acer.12031. PMC 3601564Freely accessible. PMID 23241024. 
  7. ^ "Correlates of college student binge drinking". American Journal of Public Health. 85: 921–926. doi:10.2105/AJPH.85.7.921. PMC 1615519Freely accessible. 

7. Dodd, L.J., Al-Nakeeb, Y., Nevill, A. and Forshaw, M.J., 2010. Lifestyle risk factors of students: a cluster analytical approach. Preventive medicine, 51(1), pp. 73–77.