Colmworth

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Colmworth
Colmworth St Denys Church 2.jpg
St Denys' church, Colmworth
Colmworth is located in Bedfordshire
Colmworth
Colmworth
Location within Bedfordshire
Population393 (2011 Census including Duck's Cross)[1]
OS grid referenceTL106585
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBEDFORD
Postcode districtMK44
Dialling code01234
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°12′49″N 0°22′57″W / 52.2136°N 0.3826°W / 52.2136; -0.3826Coordinates: 52°12′49″N 0°22′57″W / 52.2136°N 0.3826°W / 52.2136; -0.3826

Colmworth is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Bedford in the county of Bedfordshire, England about 6.5 miles (10 km) north-east of Bedford.

The parish, including the hamlet of Duck's Cross, had a population of 393 at the 2011 census.

Geography[edit]

Colmworth is 5 miles (8 km) west of St Neots, 21.5 miles (35 km) west of Cambridge and 50 miles (80 km) north of central London.

The village is separated by Colmworth Brook into two areas. To the north is the larger Church End and to the south is Chapel End.

Area

The civil parish covers an area of 868 hectares (2,145 acres).[2]

Elevation

The village is about 70 metres (230 ft) above sea level. The land slopes down to 40 metres (131 ft) in the southeast of the parish.[3]

Landscape

The village lies within the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands as designated by Natural England.[4] Bedford Borough Council classifies the local landscape as Thurleigh Clay Farmland with large and open arable fields. Roads are mainly lined with hedges and trees interspersed with open stretches.[5]

Geology and soil type

The parish lies on Oadby till above Oxford clay and Kellaways beds.[6]

The soil is highly fertile, lime-rich, loamy and clayey with impeded drainage.[7]

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Colmworth is in bands 2 and 3 [8][9]

Roads and footpaths

The main road through the village goes north to Little Staughton and Pertenhall and south to Great Barford.

There is a extensive network of public footpaths in the south and west of the parish. A path runs south from Honeydon Road, Church End and reaches Wilden. Another runs west off Little Staughton Road to Bolnhurst.

History[edit]

Evidence of Middle and Late Iron Age settlement discovered by archaeologists at Colley Hill Farm in 2011 was considered to be "locally and regionally significant".[10]

A medieval moated enclosure, fishponds and fowling earthworks are at Manor Farm.[11]

Population change in Colmworth since 1801
YearPop.±%
1801347—    
1841575+65.7%
1881385−33.0%
1921250−35.1%
1961309+23.6%
2001369+19.4%
[12]

The Colmworth Enclosure Act was passed in 1834.[13]

A Primitive Methodist Chapel opened in 1866.

The village hall was built in 1969.[13] In 1995, a new apex roof replaced the flat one and a substantial refurbishment was carried out.

Colmworth Golf Course opened in 1991.[13]

Colmworth CofE VC Lower School closed in August 2003 and the buildings, built circa 1968, used as a nursery.[14]

The Colmworth Chronicle newsletter shows that the Post Office closed in 2009.

Governance[edit]

The parish council consists of 7 elected councillors who serve a four year term. Colmworth is in Wyboston ward for elections to the Borough of Bedford Unitary Authority.[15]

Prior to 1894, Colmworth was administered as part of the hundred of Barford. From 1894 until 1974 it was in Bedford Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Bedford Borough.

Colmworth was in the Bedford parliamentary constituency until 1983 and North Bedfordshire until 1997. Now in North East Bedfordshire, the elected member is Alistair Burt of the Conservative Party.

Church[edit]

St Denys church was built between 1426 and 1430 by Sir Gerard Braybrook. It is dedicated to the patron saint of France in honour of his French wife, Eleanor.

The church is part of the Wilden with Colmworth and Ravensden benefice in the Sharnbrook Deanery of the Diocese of St Albans.

Community facilities and events[edit]

The village hall, owned and managed by a charitable trust, can seat up to 120 and has a wooden dance floor. At the rear of the hall is a playing field with children's play area owned and maintained by the parish council.

A mobile Post Office serves the village Wednesday and Friday lunchtimes, and a mobile library fortnightly on Friday mornings.[16]

A small 12 acres (5 ha) country park has been established on land bought by the parish council near to Manor Farm. There is a wildflower meadow, orchard, pond, bird hide and owl boxes. Colmworth Triangle Garden is a community garden established in 2013 adjacent to the Manor Barns and St Deny's Church.

Colmworth and North Bedfordshire is an 18 hole, par 72 golf course with a par 3 pitch and putt and 8 bay floodlit driving range.

The Colmworth Chronicle is a quarterly newsletter, first published in December 1986. Delivered to residents in printed form and online, there are updates from Parish Council meetings, St Deny's Church, Colmworth and Neighbours History Society, the Gardening Club and Book Group.

The grade II listed Cornfields Restaurant & Hotel dates back to the 17th century and was formerly The Wheatsheaf public house.[17]

Since 2016, the Friends of St Denys' Church have held Cars and Bikes with Character rallies at Colmworth Village Hall, the first Sunday of the month from April to October to raise funds for church repairs.

Public transport[edit]

Grant Palmer runs a two hourly bus service, Monday to Saturday, morning and early afternoon to Bedford plus one Thursday only return journey to St Neots.[18]

The nearest railway station is St Neots.

Businesses[edit]

Acorn Transport and Plant Hire, based at Duck's Cross was established in 1998 and move bulk materials. Acorn also does groundworks and is a registered waste carrier and processor; supplying recycled aggregates, topsoil, sands, stones and road planings.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Colmworth Parish Local Area Report". nomis. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Colmworth Parish Profile" (PDF). Bedford Borough Council. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Elevation Finder". FreeMap Tools. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  4. ^ "National Character Areas". Natural England. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Bedford Borough Landscape Character Assessment" (PDF). Bedford Borough Council. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Sheet 186. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Map". nightblight. Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  10. ^ Wilson, Martin D. "Archaeological Excavation at Colley Hill Farm, Colmworth, Bedfordshire" (PDF). Archaeological data Services. Souterrain Archaeological Services Ltd. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Manor Farm moated enclosure, fishponds and fowling earthworks  (Grade II) (1114927)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  12. ^ "BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011" (PDF). Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Colmworth Timeline". The Virtual Library. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Colmworth School". Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Area, Ward, Potton". Central Bedfordshire Insight. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Local Services". Colmworth Parish Council. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  17. ^ Historic England. "THE WHEATSHEAF PUBLIC HOUSE, WILDEN ROAD  (Grade II) (1321224)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Colmworth". Bus Times. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Home". Acorn Transport and Plant Hire. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

External links[edit]