Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan
|Deputy Leader||Akira Nagatsuma|
|Councilors Leader||Hiroyuki Nagahama|
|Founded||2 October 2017|
15 September 2020 (in current form)
|Merger of||Democratic Party for the People (majority faction)|
Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan
|Split from||Democratic Party (2016)|
|Headquarters||2-12-4 Fuji Building 3F, Hirakawa-chō,|
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0093, Japan
|International affiliation||Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats (observer)|
|Slogan||Mattō na seiji ("Decent politics")|
43 / 245
107 / 465
|Local (Prefectural and Local) assembly members|
703 / 32,448
The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (立憲民主党, Rikken-minshutō); CDP), sometimes abbreviated to Minshutō (民主党), is a centre-left political party in Japan. The party was founded in October 2017 as a split from the Democratic Party ahead of the 2017 general election. In September 2020 it assumed the role of a unified opposition party following its merger with the Democratic Party for the People and adherence of independent lawmakers. The party is led by Yukio Edano.
Formation and 2017 election
The party was formed from a centre-left split from the opposition Democratic Party (DP) in the run up to the 2017 general election. Prior to the election on 28 September 2017, the DP House of Representatives caucus dissolved in order for party members to stand as candidates for Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike's Party of Hope or as independents in the upcoming election.
The new party was launched on 2 October by DP deputy leader Yukio Edano at a press conference in Tokyo for liberals and left-leaning members of the DP who do not wish to, or were rejected for, contesting the election as candidates for the Party of Hope.
On 3 October 2017, it was announced that the new party would not contest seats where former Democrats were running as Party of Hope candidates, a gesture which was not returned when the Party of Hope ran a candidate in Edano's incumbent district. The Japanese Communist Party, in turn, pulled their own candidate from running in Edano's district so as to not take away votes from him. The party won a total of 55 seats, becoming the leading opposition party and leading the pacifist bloc (including the JCP and Social Democratic Party) to become the largest opposition bloc.
On 10 September 2020, the new party elected Edano as leader and also voted to retain the CDP name. Following the merger, the new CDP had a total of 149 members and held 107 seats in the House of Representatives, compared to 156 members and 96 seats held by the Democratic Party in 2016. The independents who joined the CDP in this merger included former Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda. Several conservative DPP members, including DPP president Yuichiro Tamaki, did not join the CDP and instead formed their own party.
The party opposes the proposed revision of Article 9 of Japan's postwar constitution. The party supports the phasing out of nuclear energy in Japan, and government investment in renewable energy. The party does not support the legalization and maintenance of casinos. The party also supports "building a society that supports each other and makes full use of individuality and creativity." and this party expresses its support for grassroots democracy and diplomatic pacifism.
The party supported a freeze in the increase of the consumption tax as of 2017, and supports a temporary consumption tax cut as of 2020, along with higher taxes on corporations and wealthy individuals.
This section needs to be updated.September 2020)(
Policy Affairs Research Council chief
Election Campaign Committee chief
General Affairs Committee chief
Councillors caucus chief secretary
Councillors caucus leader
|Deputy Secretary-General||Yukihiko Akutsu|
|Policy Affairs Research Council deputy chief||Seiji Ōsaka|
|Policy Affairs Research Council first vice chief||Yōichirō Aoyagi|
|Diet Affairs Committee chief||Kiyomi Tsujimoto|
|Diet Affairs Committee deputy chief||Kōichi Yamauchi|
|Diet Affairs Committee first vice chief||Yoshio Tezuka|
|Councillors Affairs Committee chief||Masayoshi Nataniya|
|Board of Governors chief||Hiroshi Kawauchi|
|Joint House General Council chief||Satoshi Arai|
|Parliamentary Association chief||Katsuhiko Yokomitsu|
|No.||Name||Term of office||Image|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|Split from: Democratic Party (2016) (centre-left)|
Merger of: Democratic Party for the People (centre-right; majority faction)
|1||Yukio Edano||2 October 2017||Present|
House of Representatives election results
|Election||Leader||Candidates||Seats won||Constituency votes||Constituency vote percentage||PR Block votes||PR Block vote percentage||Status|
55 / 465
House of Councillors election results
32 / 245
17 / 124
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立憲民主党は青だ。 [Constitutional Democratic Party is blue.]
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