Crowan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Crowan
Cornish: Egloskrewen
The Church at Crowan - geograph.org.uk - 85172.jpg
Crowan parish church
Crowan is located in Cornwall
Crowan
Crowan
 Crowan shown within Cornwall
Population 2,454 (2011)
OS grid reference SW645345
Civil parish Crowan
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBORNE
Postcode district TR14
Dialling code 01209
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament St Ives
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°09′47″N 5°17′38″W / 50.163°N 05.294°W / 50.163; -05.294

Clowance Estate

Crowan (Cornish: Egloskrewen)[1] is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is about three-and-a-half miles (6 km) south of Camborne.[2] The River Hayle rises near Crowan and flows through the village and the railway branch to Helston passed nearby.

Crowan has a population of 2,375 which increased to 2,454 in 2011.[3] Crowan Churchtown is not the largest settlement: there are villages at Praze-an-Beeble, Nancegollan, Bolitho and Leedstown and a hamlet at Black Rock (on the B3280 road four miles (6.5 km) south of Camborne and five miles (8 km) north of Helston).[2] The hamlets of Carzise, Clowance Wood, Drym, Fraddam, Gwinear Downs, Horsedowns, Nine Maidens Downs, Noonvares, Paul's Green, Releath, Townshend and Tremayne are also in the parish.[4]

Notable buildings[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Crewenna and is built of granite. The Latin name of the saint is first given as Crewanus in 1201 though later forms are in the feminine. The church is of the 15th century but was substantially restored in 1872. There are numerous monuments to members of the St Aubyn family. The three St Aubyn brasses (c. 1420, c. 1490 & c. 1550) are however now at Clowance.[5][6] In some 18th-century documents there is evidence that the parish was called Uni-Crowan and this may be connected to the fact that the parish was in two parts, one in Penwith and one in Kerrier hundred. The Kerrier portion was once a separate chapelry and may have had St Uny as its patron saint.[7] Crowan feast was observed on the nearest Sunday to the eve of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary.[8]

Clowance House was the seat of the St Aubyns (from 1671 they were the St Aubyn Baronets, but the legitimate line ended with Sir John St Aubyn, 5th Baronet in 1839).[9] Three years before his death the wings of the house burnt down on 10 November 1836.[10] The resort of Clowance estate offers swimming, tennis, gym and fitness facilities, a bar and an Italian restaurant.[11]

Crowan parish has many remains of prehistoric times including barrows and stone crosses.[12]

Crowan Mill is an ancient mill used for grinding corn until 1946. It then became a pottery and later still a weaving mill.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ a b Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  3. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2011: Parish Headcounts : Cornwall Retrieved 2009-12-23
  4. ^ Cornwall; Explore Britain
  5. ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode
  6. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed., revised by E. Radcliffe. Penguin Books
  7. ^ Doble, G. H. (1960) The Saints of Cornwall; part 1. Truro: Dean and Chapter; pp. 97-99
  8. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 10
  9. ^ W. P. Courtney, ‘St Aubyn, Sir John, fifth baronet (1758–1839)’, rev. Hallie Rubenhold, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2010 accessed 30 March 2015
  10. ^ "Fire at Clowance Park". West Briton. 18 November 1836. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Clowance Estate". Clowance Lodges. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Ancient Crowan
  13. ^ Todd, A. C. & Laws, Peter (1972) The Industrial Archaeology of Cornwall. Newton Abbot: David & Charles; p. 222

External links[edit]

Media related to Crowan at Wikimedia Commons