Cynthiana, Kentucky

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Cynthiana, Kentucky
City
Downtown Cynthiana
Downtown Cynthiana
Location of Cynthiana in Harrison County, Kentucky.
Location of Cynthiana in Harrison County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 38°23′18″N 84°17′49″W / 38.38833°N 84.29694°W / 38.38833; -84.29694Coordinates: 38°23′18″N 84°17′49″W / 38.38833°N 84.29694°W / 38.38833; -84.29694
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Harrison
Government
 • Mayor James Smith
Area
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 • Land 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 735 ft (224 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,402
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 6,383
 • Density 1,596/sq mi (616.4/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code 41031
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-19432
GNIS feature ID 0490519
Website www.cynthianaky.com
Harrison County Courthouse in Cynthiana

Cynthiana is a home rule-class city[2] in Harrison County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 6,402 at the 2010 census.[3] It is the seat of its county.[4]

History[edit]

Cynthiana was named after Cynthia and Anna Harrison,[5] daughters of Robert Harrison, who had donated land for its establishment,[6] though Harrison County was named after Colonel Benjamin Harrison, who was an early settler in the area and the sheriff of Bourbon County.[7]

Two Civil War battles were fought in Cynthiana; the first on July 17, 1862, was part of a raid into Kentucky by Confederate General John Hunt Morgan; the second on June 11 and 12, 1864, resulted in defeat of Confederate forces on Morgan's last raid into the state.[8][9]

On January 23, 1877, an LL chondrite meteorite fell in Cynthiana.[10]

March 2, 1997, the South Fork of the Licking River which bisects Cynthiana flooded, causing extensive damage in Cynthiana and neighboring communities.

Geography[edit]

Cynthiana is located in southern Harrison County at 38°23′18″N 84°17′49″W / 38.38833°N 84.29694°W / 38.38833; -84.29694 (38.388292, -84.296841).[11] U.S. Routes 27 and 62 pass through the city, passing west of the downtown area. US 27 leads north 56 miles (90 km) to Cincinnati and south 14 miles (23 km) to Paris, while US 62 leads northeast 46 miles (74 km) to Maysville and southwest 21 miles (34 km) to Georgetown. Lexington is 31 miles (50 km) to the southwest via US 27 or 29 miles (47 km) via Kentucky Route 353.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.5 km2), of which 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 1.09%, are water.[3] The South Fork of the Licking River, a tributary of the Ohio River, flows south to north through the city, passing west of the downtown area.

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Highways[edit]

  • US 27.svg US 27 is known otherwise as Paris Pike (going south from Cynthiana), and Falmouth Road (going north from Cynthiana).
  • US 62.svg US 62 is known otherwise as Leesburg Rd (going west from Cynthiana), and Oddville Pike (going east from Cynthiana).

Kentucky state highways[edit]

  • Elongated circle 36.svg KY 36 is also known locally as Williamstown Road (west of Cynthiana) and Millersburg Pike (east of Cythiana).
  • Elongated circle 32.svg KY 32 is also known locally as Connersville Pike (southwest of Cynthiana) and Millersburg Pike (east of Cynthiana). KY 32 and KY 36 merge downtown and leave Cynthiana concurrently.
  • Elongated circle 356.svg KY 356 is also known as White Oak Road.

Education[edit]

Cynthiana is served by the Harrison County School District with a total of seven public schools located within the county limits:

Cynthiana has one private school:

  • St. Edward School (Pre-k-5)

Maysville Community and Technical College has an extended campus located in Cynthiana

Churches[edit]

Three historic churches are located in Cynthiana. The Indian Creek Baptist Church (originally the Endecott Meeting House), is located at historic highway marker 1457 at the junction of KY highways 32 and 36. Built in 1790, the church was in service until 1965. According to state marker, the cemetery contains the burial plots of early settlers including Reverend Charles Webb, Moses Endicott, Edward McShane, Henry Talbert and Hugh Wilson.[12] The Indian Creek Christian Church was built in 1908. Later additions included an education wing (1971), fellowship hall (1986) and a Family Life Center (2005). The church claims itself the "oldest independent Christian Church of the American Restoration Movement."[13] The Church of the Advent, an Episcopal Church, was built in 1855-60. It had an integrated membership, and was built in the Gothic-revival style. [14] It is on the National Register of Historic Places (#78001339). Its design may have been taken from a model made by Bishop Benjamin Bosworth Smith who visited St. Giles Parish Church at Stoke-Poges in England. St. Giles was famous as the setting for the poem "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" by Thomas Gray. [15] The church added a Jaeckel tracker organ in 2006 [16] and revived its Niles Works tower bell [17] in 2018. The church's website is https://churchoftheadvent.us/.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
180078
1810369373.1%
1830975
1840798−18.2%
18601,237
18701,77143.2%
18802,10118.6%
18903,01643.6%
19003,2578.0%
19103,60310.6%
19203,8577.0%
19304,38613.7%
19404,84010.4%
19504,8470.1%
19605,64116.4%
19706,35612.7%
19805,881−7.5%
19906,49710.5%
20006,258−3.7%
20106,4022.3%
Est. 20166,383[1]−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 6,258 people, 2,692 households, and 1,639 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,873.6 people per square mile (723.4/km²). There were 2,909 housing units at an average density of 870.9 per square mile (336.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.43% White, 5.29% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 2,692 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,519, and the median income for a family was $34,691. Males had a median income of $27,704 versus $20,659 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,227. About 13.3% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Post-it notes[edit]

3M established a factory in Cynthiana in 1969. Post-it notes were developed in 1972 by Arthur Fry and Spencer Silver. Until patents expired in the late 1990s, the 3M factory in Cynthiana was the only production site of Post-it notes worldwide. Today, it still accounts for nearly all of the world's production.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

  • In the comic book series The Walking Dead, the main character, Sheriff's Deputy Rick Grimes, wakes up in a nearby abandoned hospital to discover that his hometown of Cynthiana has been overrun with zombies and nearly the entire town's population has been killed or evacuated.[21] However, in the television adaptation Cynthiana was scrapped for the Atlanta metropolitan area.
  • In 1847 Henry Kleber wrote The Cynthiana Waltz and dedicated it to Miss Anne H. Currie of Cynthiana Ky.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cynthiana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cynthiana city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 98. 
  6. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 77. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  7. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 321. 
  8. ^ "Civil War in Kentucky". www.trailsrus.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  9. ^ Penn, William A. (2016). Kentucky Rebel Town: Civil War Battles of Cynthiana and Harrison County. Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky. pp. 105, 175, 193, 205. ISBN 9780813167718. 
  10. ^ "A Chapter in the history of Meteorites by Walter Flight". www.meteoritehistory.info. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ Wells, Dianne (2002). Porter Hay, Melba; Appleton, Thomas H. Jr., eds. Roadside History: A Guide to Kentucky Highway Markers. The University Press of Kentucky. p. 161. ISBN 0-916968-29-4. 
  13. ^ "About Us". Indian Creek Christian Church. 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-09-16. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  14. ^ "Episcopal Church of the Advent (Cynthiana, Kentucky)". 
  15. ^ "Cynthiana's Church of the Advent". 
  16. ^ "OPUS 50: THE CHURCH OF THE ADVENT – CYNTHIANA, KY (2006)". 
  17. ^ "Index to carillons and chimes by Hanks/Niles". 
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Sloan, Scott (2010-10-28). "Kentuckian's zombie comic strip leads to AMC series". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  21. ^ "The Walking Dead: Q&A with Sarah Wayne Callies (Lori Grimes); Another Clip from Episode 3.05 - Say The Word - Dread Central". www.dreadcentral.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  22. ^ "Cynthiana, Kentucky Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 

External links[edit]